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Kafka Essay

4761 words - 19 pages

Eine Analyse der Vater-Sohn-Beziehung in Franz Kafkas
"Brief an den Vater" im Vergleich zu seiner Erzählung
"Das Urteil" unter Berücksichtigung biografischer
Hintergründe
Freiherr-vom-Stein-Schule, Hessisch Lichtenau
Fach: Deutsch
Fachlehrerin: Frau Hethke
Vanessa Viohl
Küchen, den 16.04.2012

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Inhaltsverzeichnis
1. Vorwort 2
2. Vorstellung der Werke 3
2.1 Inhaltsangabe "Das Urteil" 3
2.2 Inhaltsangabe "Brief an den Vater" 4
3. Analyse der Vater-Sohn-Beziehungen 5
3.1 Beziehung zwischen Georg Bendemann und seinem Vater 5 3.2 Beziehung zwischen Franz und seinem Vater 8 3.3 Vergleich der Beziehungen 13 4. Einbezug der biografischen Hintergründe Franz Kafkas 14 4.1 Biografie 14 4.2 Bezug zu den Werken 16 5. Nachwort 18 6. Quellenverzeichnis 19

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1. Vorwort
Bereits im Schulunterricht, wird uns gelehrt, dass jeder Autor seine eigenen
Erfahrungen und Erlebnisse seines Lebens in seine Werke einfließen lässt. Auf
diesen Aspekt hin habe ich "Das Urteil", verfasst von Franz Kafka, und seinen
"Brief an den Vater" untersucht.
Dabei ist allerdings zum einen zu beachten, dass ich den "Brief an den Vater" bei
der Bearbeitung von vorneherein als privaten Brief behandelt habe, der von Franz
an seinen Vater Hermann gerichtet war, um die Ausführungen zu verkürzen und
deutlichere biografische Bezüge herstellen zu können. Zum anderen musste ich
meine Argumentation und Informationen, die ich hier verwenden werde, auf das
Nötigste beschränken. Es gibt selbstverständlich wesentlich mehr Aspekte die zur
Analyse von "Das Urteil" und "Brief an den Vater" hinzugezogen werden können
und auch die Biografie Franz Kafkas umfasst mehr Punkte, als im Laufe meiner
Erarbeitung aufgenommen werden, aber damit würde ich den Rahmen meiner
Jahresarbeit überschreiten.
Meine These ist, dass auch Franz Kafka durch seine Literatur versucht hat, besser
mit seinem Leben und dem Erlebten zurechtzukommen und das schlechte
Verhältnis zu seinem Vater Hermann - auf das man in verschiedenen Werken von
Franz schließen kann, da ein gestörtes Vater-Sohn-Verhältnis immer wieder ein
hervorstechendes Thema ist - zu verarbeiten. Ich behaupte außerdem, dass dies bei
ihm sehr offensichtlich geschehen ist.
Ich versuche im Laufe meiner Aufarbeitung genaueres darüber herauszufinden
und zu erfahren, um am Ende zu sehen, ob ich mit meiner Annahme richtig liege.

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2. Vorstellung der Werke
2.1 Inhaltsangabe "Das Urteil"
Georg Bendemann ist ein junger Kaufmann, der, seit dem Tod seiner Mutter, mit
seinem Vater in dessen Wohnung wohnt und mit ihm ein Geschäft führt, welches
dem Vater gehört.
Er hat einen Freund in Russland, mit dem er durch Briefe den Kontakt aufrecht
erhält. Auch an jenem Sonntagvormittag im Frühjahr, an dem die Geschichte
spielt, schreibt er an ihn. Eigentlich sind die Themen, seit Georgs Mutter tot ist,
bedeutungslos, allerdings erzählt er dieses...

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