This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Kant: Moral Theories Essay

1276 words - 5 pages

Kant's moral theory
According to Timmons, the field of philosophy is not complete without the mention of Kant whose contributions were major (205). This, he adds, was influenced by his originality, subtle approach and the difficulty of his works. Timmons cites that moral requirements are a requirement of reason, which is the ideology of Kant’s Moral theory; hence, immoral act is an act against reason. Consequently, speaking on the terminologies of Kant we visualize moral requirements as Categorical Imperatives (CI) grounded on reason and can, therefore, get derived from a supreme moral principle. The imperative in this case refers to a command.
Principally, Kant argued that immorality involved the violation of the Categorical Imperative, hence it was deemed irrational. By analyzing Johnson’s article Kant’s Moral Philosophy, one can deduce that Kant was in agreement with his predecessors on the fact that practical reason analysis only reveals the prerequisite that rational agents must conform to instrumental principles. Nevertheless he argues that the rational agency should be shaped in accordance with the CI and hence would achieve the moral requirements themselves. Kant argued that the rational will is always autonomous; hence, he states that the morality principle is a law of autonomous will. That is, Kant’s moral philosophy is centralized on a conception of reason that goes beyond being a slave to passion. Behind this self-governing reason, Kant thought that there existed decisive grounds that made everyone possess equal right and respect.
In summary, Kant believed that the even if our actions are wrong or right the consequences do not matter provided the actions fulfill our duties and the CI is a determinant of our social duties. Anscombe argues in Kantian Ethics that morality should not be based on the hypothetical imperative, which you can easily opt out of. Such a command may include being told to eat when you are not hungry, and in that case you can easily avoid the command. Yet she states that morality should be fully in line with categorical imperative that dictates your action. In such a case you can never avoid doing it, provided it serves the right purpose.
Mill's moral theory
By examining the article by Brink, Mill’s Moral and Political Philosophy, he describes Mill as a systematic philosopher who made significant additions to logic and metaphysics together with epistemology, ethics and political philosophy, not to forget social theory, which is also in the list of his contributions. Above all, he was felt greatly in his approach on the moral and political philosophy. This was crystallized by his objective to justify the principle of utility being the foundation of morals.
Lyons, (47) argues on the concept of Utilitarianism, which he claims most of the people think of as the maximization of utility. Yet, as Schefczyk put it in John Stuart Mill: Ethics, utilitarianism is a theory based on a principle that states that “only actions...

Find Another Essay On Kant: Moral Theories

Aristotle Essay

1257 words - 5 pages evolves, so do the right and wrongs, our values and morals, and ethics. In this essay, there are three different ethical theories by Aristotle, Kant, and Mill. They have written teachings dealing with reasoning in ethics. This is as far as the similarity between the three goes. They disagree on reasoning moral agents should employ when coming to a decision about moral obligations in any particular circumstance.The aim of this paper is to clearly show

Morality via Kant and Hegel Essay

1505 words - 6 pages promises an Archimedean point to morality: The moral standpoint from which one can always judge apodictically what is right independent of one’s vested empirical interests. Opposite the classical eudemonistic theories, Kant importantly rejected the feasibility of defining happiness in non-subjective terms, thereby denying the question of the good life its constitutive role in morality – then only a matter of “[…] justifiable normative judgments

Kant's Moral Principles

1150 words - 5 pages Kant's Moral Principles      In the Foundation of the Metaphysics of Morals, the author, Immanuel Kant, tries to form a base by rejecting all ethical theories that are connected to consequences, and then focusing on our ethical motivations and actions. Kant wants to derive good characters out of contingently right actions. He believes that everything is contingent (everything can have good or bad worth, depending on how it is used). So he

Kant Free Will

1490 words - 6 pages pleases it, lies within the subject’s reason is called the will” (Groundwork). Moral Law seems to continually cause a problem for Kant’s theories, but there does not doubt that moral law does exist. There is a sense of what is “morally” right and wrong within each human. In yet another text Kant finally addresses a humans ability to willfully do wrong. In Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone we witness a rather sharp turn in Kant’s

Aristotle's versus Kant's Categories of the Temperate, the Continent, the Incontinent, the Vicious and the Bestial

2434 words - 10 pages relationships and familial function. It is for this reason, that Immanuel Kant examined a similar issue in “Pure Practical Reason and the Moral Law,” and that it still makes for interesting philosophical discussion. Recent literature has aimed to reconcile the content of Kant and Aristotle’s work on morality, or at least, to compare the theories as though they are contending. However, I shall argue that the two philosophers are answering

Mill and Kant's Efforts to Solve an Ethical Dilemma

1373 words - 6 pages It is natural for human beings to subscribe to particular moral ideologies and to apply them to their day-to-day lives since we all live in societies that have norms and values. For many centuries, philosophers have tried to formulate frameworks upon which these moral principles can be based and measured. This paper tries to apply the moral theories of John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant is solving an ethical dilemma. John Stuart Mill opens his

Immanuel Kant’s Non- consequentialist Ethical Theory

1737 words - 7 pages 1. Introduction According to Immanuel Kant the driving force behind our actions should be dictated by what is inherently good as sole consideration and not be based upon the effects of what such actions may produce such as the case in the consequentialist theory of cause. In this essay Kant’s ethical non-consequentialist theory will be briefly investigated and a comparison drawn between the two different theories in order to establish merit in

Sexual Use and What to Do about It

1003 words - 5 pages temperate in our indulgences,” in his article “Kant on Sex and Marriage: What Kant Should Have Said” (Stacey 20). For this to be possible a person’s control would seem to be on a level that is nearly inhuman. Soble’s solution is presented in two different theories, each with sub-categories. Internalist solutions do not find consent to be adequate enough to constitute sex as moral, but of a new adaptation so that sex fulfills the Second Formulation. The

Theories of Ethics

1241 words - 5 pages A person might ask, how do I know how to be a moral person and behave in a way that is acceptable to society? There are several theories of ethics for human beings to choose from; each theory having different views of how one should act or behave to be considered moral. We may even choose to only accept parts of each theory without adopting the whole concept. Immanuel Kant describes the Categorical Imperative, which basis the theory off of


1637 words - 7 pages influential philosophers to ever live. Kant was a deontologist, meaning he creates theories in order to locate the rightness and wrongness of an action. Kant created a moral theory called the Categorical Imperative, which is considered an unbreakable moral law. As Kant claims, “Act only on that maxim which you can at the same time and without contradiction will to be a universal law.” A maxim is the principle that causes us to perform a specific

Kantian Ethics

1698 words - 7 pages analysis, young children would need Kant`s outlook on morality in order to be sufficient in society. In this paper, I will argue that we as moral agents have a sense of duty to educate young children on how they should act by allowing them to reason and make rational decisions in society. In order to do this, educators which includes parents and caregivers, must teach young children the true purpose of good will based on Kantian ethics. Secondly

Similar Essays

Immanuel Kant Essay

1773 words - 7 pages gives an action moral value is the motive that is behind the action. Similarly, another central concept in Kant's ethics is freedom which is an idea of reason that serves a crucial practical purpose. In short, the concepts of freedom and duty are central to the Kantian ethics and the originality and uniqueness of Kant's ethical theory is that he celebrated a general criticism of previous ethical theories. Immanuel Kant started the

Immanuel Kant: A Philosopher Who Influenced Society

1018 words - 4 pages his decent code The Categorical Imperative. Also, Immanuel Kant was a fanatic of Deontology, or duty ethics. This means that for an act to be good it must be performed out of duty. If you are concerned for the end product of your actions it is not a moral act. Immanuel Kant strongly believed in the deontological moral theories. His theories about the deontological morals are considered for numerous different reasons. For example, Kant first

Comparing David Hume And Immanuel Kant

1386 words - 6 pages Immanuel Kant, I find their theories on morality have some merit although limited in view. Hume and Kant shared some basic principle of empiricism, but each took different directions on the theory of morality. The moral theory of Hume was based on his belief that reason alone can never cause action. Hume proclaimed virtue is always accompanied by a feeling of pleasure, and vice by a bad feeling or pain. We are compelled to commit a virtuous

Philosophy: Emmanuel Kant Essay

1137 words - 5 pages Kantian Duty Immanuel Kant has a several "duty based" ethics. Another word for his belief in "duty based" is Deontological ethics. Other two theories are teleological ethics, and consequential ethics. Kant believes teleology is wrong, which put's Kant into the category of a Deontological ethicist. This is apprehensive to specifically what people do, and totally disregard the consequence of the person's actions. Some specific "duty based