This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Karl Marx And Sigmund Freud: Human Perception And Morality

1533 words - 6 pages

Jostein Gaarder’s novel, “Sophie’s World”, introduces the word of philosophy in the form of a story to the eyes’ of a commoner, or someone who has not been exposed to the teachings of philosophy. In this novel, numerous philosophers that have made an impact on the world we presently live in today are briefly mentioned along with their thoughts’, philosophies’, and teachings’. Two very significant people that have made an impact on our society through their realizations are Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud. Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud both have strong views on society’s perception and morality. They have proved that society is driven on our perceptions, morality, and code of ethics.
Karl Marx was a German philosopher, born May 5, 1818. He was not a philosophical materialist nor did he advocate mechanical materialism like others who did around the seventeenth and eighteenth century. Marx was a historical materialist. Being so, Marx believed that we are described through history and it has made us who we are. All throughout history the central conflict of the human society has always been defined by “people who have” and “people who don’t have.” These are the underlying problems behind the majority of many conflicts had throughout the world, even today. This is because humans will always try to find a way to distinguish themselves from one another. It is in our nature to. Historical development was driven by the tension between opposites. We categorize things, or people, by their differences so it is put into simple terms and easier to understand. People like things that are as simple as “black” and “white,” but things in the world are almost never as simple as just one or the other. Most things have more complex backgrounds and would be considered “gray” because it does not just fit into one simple category. Because of this, if everything were as simple as “black” and “white” it would be more simple for someone to understand rather than something that is “gray.”
It is said that in general, Georg Wilhem Friedrich Hegel, a “legitimate child of Romanticism”, was the last philosopher to have contributed to the great philosophical systems era. Being that as it may, Karl Marx observed that philosophy should be headed into a new direction. Philosophers before him studied the world we live in in various ways. He felt that the point of their studies should now lead to change of society, for the better. It was time that something was done about the world we live in. Instead of a great speculative system, Marx called this an existential philosophy, or a philosophy of action.
Along with being a philosopher, Karl Marx was also a historian, a sociologist, and an economist. His thinking had a more practical and political way of thinking. In the novel, “Sophie’s World”, they bring us to the woods give us a brief example of communism with the interaction of two characters that exist outside of this novel. In the woods, Sophie find herself in the presence of...

Find Another Essay On Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud: Human Perception and Morality

Karl Marx and Capitalism Essay

965 words - 4 pages Karl Marx, in the Capital, developed his critique of capitalism by analyzing its characteristics and its development throughout history. The critique contains Marx’s most developed economic analysis and philosophical insight. Although it was written in 1850s, its values still serve an important purpose in the globalized world and maintains extremely relevant in the twenty-first century. Karl Marx’s critique of political economy provides a

Karl Marx and Capitalism Essay

1179 words - 5 pages proponent of this antagonism would be Karl Marx, who claimed that capitalism is ultimately hurtling toward its downfall. The basic premise of the capitalism that Marx denied was as thus: in the modern industrialisation inevitably creates a bipartisan system, in which the bourgeoisie, or those who are the owners of the means of production, will rule the common labourers, or the proletariats. As the bourgeoisie class is exclusive unto itself and it will

Sigmund Freud Then and Now

1115 words - 4 pages Sigmund Freud is one of the most influential psychoanalysts of the twentieth century. Born on May 6, 1856, in Austria, Freud moved with his family to Vienna at the age of four. In the 1860s, Vienna was a melting pot for immigrants, and Freud’s Jewish family was able to flourish (Kandler, 2004). As in living, Freud’s death held significant meaning. According to Neuhaus (2008), Freud died on an important day of Jewish celebration

Emile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud

1193 words - 5 pages Emile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud Emile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud are European sociologists who studied and wrote about the affect of industrializations and with society. Emile Durkheim is known to many in the humanities and academic fields. Freud is familiar to anyone who has studied intellectual and scientific history. Durkheim and Freud believed understanding the rules of society was vital for human survival. Durkheim compares to Freud in

Sigmund Freud And His Theories

1569 words - 6 pages Sigmund Freud is a very intelligent man, but some of his ideas were too extreme. He was a very persistent man, and many ideas were well developed and critical in the forming of psychology and its ideas today. Freud was excellent in his research, and explored the life stages, the id, ego and superego, along with what he considered the most important drive of the human mind: sex.Born in the small town of Freiberg, Moravia, on May 6th, 1856, Freud

Sigmund Freud and His Psychology

3501 words - 14 pages Sigmund Freud and His Psychology Sigmund Freud is one of the most famous psychologists to ever hit the study of psychology. His name alone symbolizes the importance of his theories, and the name that comes to most people's heads when saying the word psychology is Sigmund Freud. Freud was a psychodynamic psychologist and came from the conservative point of view which states that man is bad and society is good, which I do not agree

Sigmund Freud and Defense Mechanism

1619 words - 6 pages Sigmund Freud began studying human defense mechanisms in the late 1800s. His work became a solid foundation for the continued study into this topic for the last century, especially in regards to the work of his daughter, Anna Freud. Anna Freud believed that identifying a patient’s way of defending himself against his undesirable instincts would help psychotherapist discover the root of “unwelcome affects” (A. Freud, 1936, p. 32 via Sollod

Karl Marx and His Ideas

1796 words - 7 pages Karl Marx and His Ideas Karl Marx was born on May 5, 1818, in the city of Trier in the Rhineland, where he completed his early schooling. His fathers side of the family were all rabbis. His father was a prosperous lawyer who adopted Lutheranism for himself and his family in 1824. His mother was from Hungary, and she never learned to read or speak German. At the age of seventeen, he was sent to the University of Bonn to

Karl Marx and Frederick Engel

1139 words - 5 pages I believe that Karl Marx and Frederick Engel and W.E.B Du Bois are both right. They both had one specific goal in mind; social equality. Karl Marx and Frederick Engel wanted to close the gap between the ruling class and the working class. The working class were being overworked and underpaid while working in factories. Marx and Engels wanted equality in the society by advocating for a communist society, where all people have equal access to

Karl Marx and Estranged Labor

667 words - 3 pages Karl Marx and Estranged Labor Marx on page 327 of his essay estranged labor is describing what to him were the fundamental conditions of labor under capitalism and why he found them detrimental to man. It is an essay about how people experience work. Marx criticizes capitalism by analyzing his theory of alienation.The theme for this essay was how workers in capitalism are alienated from their work .It covers 4 forms of alienation in

Karl Marx and Frederick Engels

1757 words - 7 pages Karl Marx and Frederick Engels Karl Marx and Frederic Engels were two very liberal, politically left, philosophers. This means that they were in favor of a large government that is comprised of the people, and involved in the lives of these people. One may reflect that this does not sound very different from the influence the United States government has on the lives of its citizens, a large providing government that acts on the will of

Similar Essays

Karl Marx: History As Explicable Human Activity

555 words - 2 pages History as Explicable Human Activity as Seen by Karl Marx Using phrases such as" innocent and childlike fantasies," Karl Marx unambiguously attacks the Hegelian philosophy preponderant during his time, citing in its concept of history an irrevocable divorce with reality. For Marx, history is exactly what it seems to be: a succession of human events in which ideas such as the division of labor, production, and revolution replace their

An Analitical Essay On Lord Of The Flies, Theme Based On Theories Presented By Sigmund Freud About The Human Pysche

1002 words - 4 pages Lord of the FliesSigmund Freud came up with the idea that human conscience can be broken down into three parts: the id, the ego, and the superego. Everybody has all three parts, if some are more prominent than others. The id is the part of the psyche that is unconscious and the source of primitive instinctive impulses and drives. The ego contains consciousness and memory and is involved with control, planning, and conforming to reality. The

Karl Marx And Communism Essay

1717 words - 7 pages Karl Marx and Communism Were Karl Marx ideas on communism moral? It is quite obvious that some societies do or did believe that communism was a good way of life. Even though there are many drawbacks to communism there are still some advantages. Karl Marx is a man of intrigue he only did what he wanted to and not what others wanted him to do. Upon completion of my research I feel that Marx was a very bright man. His ideas may not be all

Karl Marx And Marxism Essay

631 words - 3 pages , and that everyone should have a fair go to succeedin life. Sharing should be greater, as capitalism has risen toknew heights of greed and power lust. A communist state,however, would never work, as it is in the human nature tocompete against one another, which rules out any socialequality one could gain by abolishing personal property.BibliographyKenny, S., (1994) Developing Communities for the Future :Community Development in Australia, Thomas NelsonAustralia.Miliband, R., (1977) Marxism and Politics, Herron PublishingInc., New York.Ollman, B., (1995) Grolier's Encyclopaedia - Karl Marx andMarxism, Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc.