Karl Marx And The Communist Manifesto And Animal Farm

1667 words - 7 pages

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Part 1: Karl Marx and Communism"The Communist Manifesto, published in February 1814, begins with the assertion, 'the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles'" ("Karl Marx"). That was a very well thought out statement made by Karl Marx when he began The Communist Manifesto. He meant that people must be able to understand the struggles of the different social classes. Specifically, the social class structure in Russia during that time was separated into three distinct groups: the Aristocrats, the Bourgeoisie, and the Proletariats. Karl Marx believed equality should exist among them, and not simply be segregated because of income levels. His beliefs and ideologies formed the basis of Marxism and eventually carried over to his followers, Lenin and Stalin. All in all, Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto became the governing ideology called Marxism.Karl Marx and his ideology, Marxism, became an immeasurable part in Russian and world history. Karl Marx started his life in Trier, Germany in the year 1818. Marx was the son of Herschel and Henrietta Marx. His dad, Herschel, was a lawyer and so Karl went to Bonn University to follow in his father's footsteps. While at Bonn University Karl got into a dilemma, he was first wounded in a duel and then he fell into debt. Karl was forced to leave Bonn by his father, who paid off all his debts, and moved to Berlin to attend Berlin University. While in Berlin Marx came under the influence of one of his professors, Bruno Bauer. Bauer had extreme radical political opinions which lead Karl to go into journalism ("Karl Marx"). During the year 1842, Marx moved to Cologne and became the editor of The Rhenish Gazette, where he would write controversial articles about the government. In 1843 the Gazette was outlawed by the Persian Authorities. Then in 1844, Marx wrote a piece of writing entitled Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts, where Marx himself wrote down his ideas and his theories on the concept of alienation ("Karl Marx"). But it was not until 1848 when Marx's most famous piece of writing, The Communist Manifesto, was published. In it Marx stated his philosophy and ideas that would eventually be referred to as Marxism, and the basis of Communism.The Communist Manifesto was behind the spread of Communism in the world. The Manifesto begins by announcing "A specter is haunting Europe-the specter of communism" (Bannon). Judging by the quote, Communism was spreading across Europe and would eventully take over Europe. The Communist Manifesto explains the principles and objectives of Communism, it also discusses that class struggles were the force behind the development of Communism (Bannon). The Manifesto has four diverse sections; the first section outlines the Communist theory, it also sets the modern world as a stage for a dramatic confrontation between the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat (Congdon). The second section of the Manifesto explains the relationships between...

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