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Kennedy Came Out Of The Cuban Missile Crisis Better Than Khrushchev

1043 words - 4 pages

Kennedy Came Out of the Cuban Missile Crisis Better Than Khrushchev

The Cuban Missile Crisis is regarded as the most serious/ tense time
during the Cold War. It was in the period of the thirteen days that
the world came close to experiencing the first war, in which nuclear
capabilities would possibly be used.

In 1959, Fidel Castro a capitalist overthrew, the American backed
government of Cuba, lead by Flugencio Batista. This was a considerable
blow for the US as they had invested a great deal of money into Cuban
business and were on uncertain with Castro.

In 1959 - 60 Castro called for aid from the US (Marshall Aid) in order
to rebuild Cuba for the average Cuban man. Ike turned him down, and in
effect this opened the way for Cuba to become a Communist country.
Castro now turned to Russia and COMECON for aid. Khrushchev and Castro
decided on an agreement that would see the USSR buy 1,000,000 tones of
Cuban sugar a year. This brought the two countries closer together.

Now the CIA focused their efforts on assassinating Castro, to stop the
rot of Communism. Including various attempts such as an exploding
cigar, poison and an attempt to overthrow Castro at the Bay of Pigs,
however Castro evaded all American efforts to kill him.

In December 1961, Castro announced that he was going to set up a
Communist government in Cuba. This was yet again another blow for the
US, to have a Communist country only 90 miles away from nearest US
soil made America even tenser. There was now a Communist presence in
the Western hemisphere.

This meant;

· America's Early Warning Defense System, in the Arctic was now
virtually useless

· Khrushchev now had a foothold in the West

· Cuba in effect could possibly spread Communism in the West, to its
neighboring islands

On the 14th of October 1962 a US U2 spy plane took reconnaissance
pictures over Cuba, which later showed that missile bases were being
built on the North coasts of Cuba, at full speed. It was clear that
Soviet missiles had been transported into Cuba, via boat.

This set up the height of tension, during the Cold War, 13 days in
which the world waited with baited breath to see what was going to
happen, and who was going to act first.

When comparing opinions and sources on the Cold War it is important to
establish where the evidence came from, (East or West) and also to
take on both arguments. Therefore it is obvious that the Western
public would favor Kennedy, and the East Khrushchev.

I agree with the...

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