Key Features of a Liberal Democratic State
The whole innovation of "Democracy" was derived as far back as five
hundred B.C in Athens. The term came from the Greek language, "demos"
meaning people and "cracy" meaning power. It was created because of
the failing current system being an aristocracy due to trading, new
battle tactics and because people were starting to want to have there
own say rather than let a noble claim it. With only fifty thousand
people with citizenship it was more practical just to have a public
assembly where everyone had the right to speak and no decision could
be taken which did not meet with the approval of an majority.
Sadly this government did not last because of the decline in the Greek
civilisation. From then on Democracy was seen as an ideal that was not
practical because of an uneducated majority of people living in each
country. Theses particular times such as the middle ages were where
Monarchy flourished. However changes were starting to develop with the
ever increasing industrialisation revolution and a representative
democracy was taking favour.
With the new state of government came new changes in legislation such
as working class activity was given to other friendly societies, there
was gradual social and economic reform as in factory and public health
legislation. The U.K population were given increased political
participation whereby the government introduced new Acts from eighteen
thirty two right up to nineteen sixty nine where slowly everyone over
the age of eighteen could vote. And finally the extension of education
to the working classes which before then was unheard of.
A government must conform with some basic rules if it wishes to call
itself a democratic state. These rules although binding can be ignored
in certain crucial situations such as in time of crisis like war or
terrorist attack. An example of this was when in the second world war
the acting government stayed in power even though they had completed
their four years.
The first rule is that the government must answer to public opinion
which entails regular (four year) elections in this country. An
example of this rule being put into practice recently is on the debate
over Iraq. The Prime Minister, Tony Blair is facing fierce opposition
and public opinion to go to war with the U.S. Now unless Blair can
change there minds which he has been trying to do with the release of
a dossier claiming that it shows the truths about Iraq's military
capability particularly NBC elements.
The second rule is that the society has to be composed to has to be
allowed to be composed of numerous autonomous sections and
associations. This means that the formation of unions to represent a
group of people for example farm workers to the government would be
allowed unless there was...