Thesis Statement: These key events reforming religion are what shaped the world for good and for bad in the 14th to the 19th century.
The Reformation was full of war and inventions that many had never seen before, affecting the religious and social political systems in positive and negative ways. The first event in the Reformation was the Printing Press. The Printing Press enabled the circulation of the bible, starting the spread of Christianity and the Catholics. The Printing Press was created by Johannes Gutenberg in 1450. Before the Printing Press the bible had to be printed by hand, which meant that the copies had to be written word for word. Because they had to be written word for word only the important people had them such as Popes and other religious leaders. Therefore everyone would gather together somewhere and listen to the one man with the bible preach the word. This limited some from learning the word because of the language barrier. At the time all the bibles printed where in the Latin language. So they had a translator and copies of the bible in many other languages. Technological advantages of the 15th century enabled the spread of the word all over Europe, serving as a catalyst for reform leaders of the 16th century.
Martin Luther is the creator of the 95 Theses which was a major document in the Reformation. The 95 Theses “protest against the sale of indulgences and clerical abuses.” Indulgences state that one can pay for the sins they committed, and also for the sins that will be committed in the future. Even though the 95 Theses rejects indulgence it states that you may be renewed through Christ and you can be baptized to do so. Luther argued that the Christians were being wronged and being tricked into these indulgences by telling them that they could find absolution within the indulgences. Because of the 95 Theses Martin Luther was excommunicated from the church. Pope Leo X issued the papal bull in January of the year 1521 which meant Martin Luther was excommunicated from the church and the church was to be closed unless Luther turned himself in, so he did and he was in jail for a very long time. Three months after he was excommunicated Martin Luther was sent to Rome’s emperor Charles V at the “Diet of Worms.” Luther was let go but named an outlaw and was protected by German princes until he died in the year of 1546.
Henry VIII, King of England, was the major role in the Reformation of England. Henry was married to Catherine of Argon which was his first wife of six. Henry soon sought divorce from his first wife at the disapproval of the Pope, forcing King Henry to make himself the only church authority. Henry VIII wasn’t as bad of a church leader as one might assume. He actually sought to get bibles in everyone’s hands. In fact every person was required to have a bible. When Henry died Edward VI pushed toward having a Calvinist religion and combined with a Protestant religion. Then six years after Mary I had a five year...