Khrushchev's National Security Failure Essay

1388 words - 6 pages

The end of the world. Though this seems like something that will not happen for a million years the world came close to it during the early twentieth century because of the cold war. The two most powerful nations of the time were locked in an arms race/cold war. If one of the leaders of the United States and its allies, or one of the leaders of the Soviet Union and its allies had made one wrong move, it could have caused the end of the human race. To deal with this scary time both leaders had to take action to keep their people safe, while maintaining peace. But to a leader of a country something more important than peace is the safety of the country. Khrushchev had to take actions to keep his country safe. Khrushchev did not succeed in strengthening national security because of one huge mistake he made with Cuba.
The Soviet Union’s most important goal was national security. National security is defined as the protection of a nation from those who want to do it harm, by its government. During the twentieth century when the cold war was at its most tense point, the Soviet Union’s most important goal was national security. It was more important then peace with the United States because if peace with the U.S. meant a decrease in the Soviet Union’s national security than they were open for attack from any other country that wanted to attack them. By keeping the Soviet Union’s national security strong they kept other countries in fear of them, thus creating a fear inspired peace. By focusing on national security tension was created but it also scared both sides into avoiding war at all costs. If the U.S. were to see weakness in the Soviet Union’s national security than the U.S. would have probably been tempted to test the waters and do anti-communist activities. That is why it was important to keep national security.
Khrushchev’s policies mainly had to do with his fellow communist and the United States of America. One of Khrushevs policies was his Suez Canal policy. When Gamal Abdel Nasser was denied funding for the Aswan Damn he looked for funding in the form of the Soviet Union. They funded his project but only under the condition that Nasser takes control of the Aswan Damn. Another one of Khrushevs policies was his Cuban policy. The Soviet Union’s missiles were extremely inaccurate and only had a 50% chance of landing within the same state as their target. So to get a better launching site in case of nuclear war with the U.S. they sent missiles to fellow communist Cuba. Khrushchev also had policies in Eastern Europe. One of these eastern European countries was Poland. Since Poland was part of the Warsaw pact they were under soviet control. During the mid 1950s Gomulka of Poland began reforms and increased freedoms for his people. Khrushchev let the reforms happen because he did not want to be too harsh on the polish because the new pope was polish. Khrushchev was not the only person taking action for his national security. The United States...

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