Child Soldiers Essay

949 words - 4 pages

To have a better understanding about the solutions that are being implemented in different countries, by the governments alone or with the help of UN, and to know if these solutions are really helping to end the problem or they are not working is necessary to analyze them. The solutions that will be analyzed are the efforts of the Myanmar Government to end the recruitment of children by the Tatmadaw Kyi with the help of UN, and the solution implemented by the Colombian Government called Sport Diplomacy to prevent the children to join the guerrilla.
The efforts of the Myanmar Government with the aid of UN have resulted in mixed success. The complaints received by the task force, regarding child recruitment, are decreasing but still remain a long way to go. The issue of child soldiers in Myanmar is far from over, as the 2013 Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council affirms, the cases of recruitment of child soldiers by the Tatmadaw Kyi are decreasing, in part because of prevention measures and a more rigorously control of the recruitment process, the use of child soldiers is still of concern. The principal cause of the relative success is the commitment of the Government of Myanmar with the implementation of control measures and the signature of international obligations, but Myanmar`s Government is still reluctant to ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, which will oblige them to implement several provisions with the supervision of the International Community (Louder than words, 2012). Another of the reasons because the situation cannot be totally solved is the existence of non-governmental armed groups that continue using children as soldiers. The government lack of enough strength to force these groups desist from that practices.
One of the reasons behind the agreement, between the Government of Myanmar and the UN, to enforce measures against child recruitment by Tatmadaw Kyi is the enormous pressure of the International Community upon the government and the threat of severe sanctions against Myanmar. The solution works partially because although the government has taken steps in the right direction, the need of more soldiers, the lack of control by the government upon certain territories and the relative secrecy, which the Tatmadaw Kyi accustomed to, conspires against the end of the problem. However, the measures taken by the government have obtained some grade of success, but it will be impossible to apply the same criteria of solutions in the cases of Colombia and Uganda. In the case of Colombia, the main difference with Myanmar is that the guerrilla and paramilitary groups, as the case of the rebels in Myanmar, recruit child soldiers but not the Colombian Army, unlike the case with the Tatmadaw Kyi. In consequence...

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