Types Of Motivation Essay

4913 words - 20 pages

What is Motivation?Motivation is based on emotions. It is the search for positive emotional experiences and the avoidance of negative emotional experiences. Motivation is involved in the performance of all learned responses (Accel, 2004). It is a behavior that will not occur unless it is triggered. In general, psychologists question whether motivation is a primary or secondary influence on behavior (Accel, 2004).Everyone has certain needs and goals. To obtain the goals and meet the needs that a person wants, they will have to agree to do work and provide services in exchange for what they want. One key to making these agreements satisfactory is how fair they are being treated. People want to ensure that they will be consistently treated fairly. Perceived factors of being treated fairly from an employee perspective are salary, benefits, bonus, incentives if any, etc. Salary and benefits are not seen as motivators but as entitlement for the work that is being done. If the agreement is seen as being unfair, the person will be dissatisfied which will result in poor morale. But if the agreement is seen as being fair it will play a role in whether the person is a "motivated" employee.Each year, large companies spend billions of dollars on motivation courses. The courses involve training in motivation, meetings to boost motivation, incentives to strengthen motivation, meetings to analyze problems in the workplace motivation, tools to measure motivation mission statements, etc (Accel, 2004). These training sessions also include how to cope with problems in recruitment, productivity and retention, problems of commitment to teams and corporate agendas. Motivation is extremely important to success and to reach personal and business goals that one has set.Ethics.Employees must learn to work together towards common goals. Employees must have an understanding of the organization as a whole and how they fit in. They will most likely need training to acquire the knowledge needed for organizational understanding. Once an understanding of the organization and their role in it has been established, the employee will act on the goals set forth. Management must show the employee the need for their being there and for their output and input. The top to bottom role should be fair and there must be a clear code of corporate ethics (Carnegie, p 207). There must be communication between all levels, from the top to the bottom and visa versa. No employee should be left out. Management should ensure that their employees feel secure and they can be trusted and are equals amongst their peers. Performance should be viewed as a learning experience, not a horrific experience. This leads into the next section which is appraisals.Appraisals.The annual performance review is one of the most feared and fearful processes that leave employees angry and depressed as opposed to motivated to perform better. Companies have started to look at the appraisal as a more developmental approach to...

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