King James Ii Essay

2149 words - 9 pages

Introduction ' "The monarchy I thank God, yet had had no dependency on Parliament nor on nothing but god."'(1) James's like his brother Charles, was determined to rule without the consent of Parliament and to reintroduce Roman Catholicism, which made King James Stuart II the cause of the Glorious Revolution. The Revolution of 1688 was also known as the Glorious Revolution because it was achieved without war. From-1685 -1688, James ruled England, Scotland, and Ireland. (2) James being the last Stuart and Catholic Monarch granted religious minorities the right to worship. James was treated as the would- be- tyrant because he attempted to subvert and extirpate the Protestant Religion and the laws and liberties of the kingdom he ruled. James II ignorance towards the Parliament caused an upheaval with the people.Life as Duke of York James Stuart the second was born on October 14, 1633. He was the middle child between Charles I and Elizabeth who was born in 1635. He also had another younger brother Henry who was born in 1660.(3) James learned Anglicanism of Archbishop Laud because the queen was not allowed to influence his religious education.(4) In the winter of 1647- 48 there was an attempt to send James to Holland so he could escape the beleaguered Britain and he did it successfully. James was being held captive because he was influenced by the Catholic religion. In 1649, Queen Henrietta Maria summoned James to Paris where he heard of his father's execution . After James's father Charles I died James's brother became king much to the dislike of James. James did not want to spend anymore time in the French Court so he asked permission to volunteer for the king of France's Army.(5) James wandered into foreign military service during the Commonwealth period (1649-1660). James fought many battles against the Spanish while he was a naval officer for Charles II. Within the Stuart Dynasty he served his brother as lord high admiral , administered colonies in Africa and New York and fought at sea in two battles against Holland in 1665 and 1672.(6) In 1659 James promised Anne Hyde marriage and their love was secretly consummated and then on September 3, 1660 they were married at the Worchester House. Then on April 30, 1662 James's eldest surviving had born and christened Mary.In 1669, James's made his crucial conversion as well as his wife Anne. James had publicly been a Roman Catholic. James's religion, his pro- French policies, and antiparlimentarian sentiments attracted the hostilities of the emerging Whig party. They created the Test Act of 1673 which deprived Catholics of government office was aimed largely at James.(7) In May 1661, the Duke of York (James II) took his seat in the reconstructed House of Lords which was more powerful in theory than the House of Commons. He went into the house with the Tories in agreement while the Whigs disapproved of him. Then he resigned from the Admiralty, the Whigs handled him between 1679, and 1681 with the Exclusion...

Find Another Essay On King james ii

Where the word of a king is, there is power. Gives a history of the realtionship between Shakespeare and King James I

1004 words - 4 pages eight kings be of Banquo's lineage if Malcom is now king? Did the witches not say "Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none." (I, ii, 68). What of Macbeth's prediction that "...the worm that's fled hath nature that in time will venom breed"? (III, iv, 30-31). The truth is the play was becoming a bit long for King James I, who was known to walk out of long plays. In order to keep his attention, Shakespeare brought the whole thing together in a

Absolutism and Consitutionalism Essay

1830 words - 8 pages reign to his brother James II. Although married to a Roman Catholic, when King James II took over the thrown in 1685 he had great support from the people. His successful leadership of the Anglican Tories led the citizens to believe he would become the most powerful King of the seventeenth century. Shortly after becoming king, James II began to lose faith in his people due to rebellions in England and Scotland, causing his actions to become

Position Paragraph Assignment: The Stuarts Learned Nothing From the Civil War

539 words - 2 pages constitution of England had arrived to its full vigour, and the true balance between liberty and prerogative was happily established by law, in the reign of King Charles the Second”JamesⅡ, unlike his brother CharlesⅡ, was just like his father. JamesⅡ believed, to the extreme, in the Divine right of Kings. Along with his previously stated belief, JamesⅡ also believed in Absolute Monarchy and was a devote Catholic. These

Macbeth: Truth vs Fiction

1832 words - 7 pages William Shakespeare altered history for his play, Macbeth, to flatter King James. There are several big differences between Shakespeare’s version of Macbeth and the true history of Macbeth and Banquo. In the true history of Macbeth, Banquo was a traitor to King Duncan. In Shakespeare’s version of Macbeth he made Banquo loyal to King Duncan. Shakespeare altered history to flatter King James. Shakespeare also changed history to not

Biography of Leopold II of Belgium

3093 words - 13 pages for himself, Leopold II then tells Stanley to buy all the ivory he can in the Congo. Over 2 large trips, Stanley does that task until 1884. (Emerson, Leopold II of the Belgians: King of Colonialism, 1979) Over time, during his trips through the Congo, Stanley creates new settlements such as Léopoldville (now Kinshasa) and Stanley Pool (now Pool Malebo). (James, "The Butcher of Congo: King Leopold II of Belgium.", 2011) On behalf of Leopold II

Finding the Ideal Religious System in England

1798 words - 7 pages stated that the king could not be Catholic, nor could they marry a Catholic. James was then forced to flee to Holland. After James II parliament crowned Mary and William of Orange. They were both very popular, because they were Anglican and agreed to the terms of parliament. Both the King and the Queen believed in free religion, and in 1689 parliament passed the toleration act which allowed all Protestants and Catholics to practice their

Shakespeare Alters History: Macbeth

1507 words - 6 pages audience members that King James was a very good monarch, compared to the awful King Macbeth. However, the Chronicles explain a different tale of King Macbeth. says, “When King Malcolm II of Scotland died in 1034…the throne was passed to his oldest grandson, Duncan… and simultaneously cut out another grandson, Macbeth, from the line of inheritance”. Later explains, “Macbeth was not immediately hostile to

English Christanity

1080 words - 5 pages . Another attempt was made by the politicians in 1688. The politicians appealed to the Protestant Dutch ruler, William of Orange (1650-1702), to invade England and be crowned King. William III achieved widespread support and in turn James II absconded to France. William III and his wife Mary II agreed to jointly rule England and bought Protestantism back to the religion of the state (Steele & MacDonald, 2007).

Absolutism: Describe and analyze the changes in the role of Parliament in English politics between the succession of James and the Glorious Revolution

547 words - 2 pages that Parliament often conflicted with the ideals of the ruling monarch.Following Charles II's death, his brother James II ascended the throne. As another absolutist, James II was a ruthless ruler who attempted to propel England back to Catholicism. This drew the ire of the English masses, and Parliament was unable to impede James' ventures. Thus, William of Orange invaded England but garnered the support of the English subjects and compelled

How Far Did William Shakespeare Manipulate Historical Facts For Dramatic Effect In MacBeth?

1159 words - 5 pages that Banquo's descendents shall be kings. This is actually a documented fact, as the following lineage indicates: Banquo Fleance married a daughter of the Prince of Wales Walter Steward "“ Lord Steward of Scotland Alane Steward John Steward Walter Steward Robert II, King of Scotland Robert III James I James II James III James IV married Margaret, daughter of Henry VII of England James V Mary Queen of Scots

The English Civil War

1258 words - 5 pages . After the death of Charles II, his brother, James II, took over the monarchy. People were in threat that James II might bring back Catholicism. Rebellions broke out and Parliament leaders were extremely distressed with the king's action. In 1688, a result to James II's incompetent actions, Parliament invited Mary and William of Orange to because queen and king of England. James II abdicated his throne. Parliament was able to cooperate with Mary

Similar Essays

The Religious Aspects Of King James I Reign

1090 words - 5 pages , led his people in the way of God. Works Cited Accelerated Christian Education, 1977 (2004 Revision), Basic History of Civilization II, volume 11 Wikipedia, 18 Jan, 2014, James VI and I and Religious Issues, 12/02/14, 2013, Part II: The Reign of the King James (The Era of Elegance), 12/02/14, Butler

Document Analysis

1322 words - 5 pages from the time of February to December 1685. The book contains sets of letters and papers, letter books, petitions and miscellaneous regarding King James II at the time of 1685. The entire book will not be used in the document analysis, but the letters that were used to communicate with Richard Talbot will be the source of the Document analysis. Before the 1680's King James who was then known as James Duke of York, became friends with Talbot when

Document Analysis

1322 words - 5 pages from the time of February to December 1685. The book contains sets of letters and papers, letter books, petitions and miscellaneous regarding King James II at the time of 1685. The entire book will not be used in the document analysis, but the letters that were used to communicate with Richard Talbot will be the source of the Document analysis. Before the 1680's King James who was then known as James Duke of York, became friends with Talbot when

Glorious Revolution Essay

1239 words - 5 pages I. Introduction A. Attention getter: The Glorious Revolution was a bloodless overthrow of the reigning king at the time, James II. B. Background information: James II was King of England from February 6, 1685 until he was removed from the throne in 1688. He was the last Catholic ruler to reign over the English kingdom. The majority of people disliked him and wanted him to give