This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

King Richard Essay

1171 words - 5 pages

King Richard


My report is on Richard I, byname Richard the Lion-Hearted. He was born September 8, 1157 in Oxford, England. He died on April 6, 1199 in Chalus, England. His knightly manner and his prowess in the Third Crusade(1189-92) made him a popular king in his own time, as well as the hero of countless romantic legends. He has been viewed less kindly by more recent historians and scholars.

Richard was the third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, and he was given the duchy of Aquitaine, his mother’s inheritance, at the age of 11 and was enthroned as duke at Poitiers in 1172. Richard possessed precocious political and military ability, he won fame for his knightly prowess, and quickly learned how to control the turbulent aristocracy of Poitou and Gascony. Like all Henry II’s legitimate sons, Richard had no filial piety, foresight, or sense of responsibility. He joined his brothers in the great
rebellion(1173-74)against his father, who invaded Aquistaine twice before Richard submitted and received pardon. Thereafter, Richard was occupied with suppressing baronial revolts in his own duchy. His harshness infuriated the Gascons, who revolted in 1183 and called in the help of the “Young King” Henry and his brother, Geoffrey of Brittany, in an effort to drive Richard from his duchy altogether. Alarmed at the threatened disintegration of his empire, Henry II brought the feudal host of his continental lands to Richard’s aid, but the younger Henry died suddenly(June 11, 1183)and the uprising collapsed. Richard was now heir to England, and to Normandy and Anjou, and his father wished him to yield Aquitaine to his youngest brother, John. But Richard,
a true southerner, would not surrender the duchy in which he had grown up.

Richard received Normandy on July 20, and the English throne on September 30. Richard, unlike Philip, had only one ambition, to lead the crusade prompted by Saladin’s capture of Jerusalem in 1187. He had no conception of planning for the future of the English monarchy, and put up everything for sale to buy arms for the crusade. Yet he had not become king to preside over the dismemberment of the Angevin Empire. He broke
with Philip and didn’t neglect Angevin defenses on the Continent. Open war was averted only because Philip also took the cross. Richard dipped deep into his father’s treasure and sold sheriffdoms and other offices. With all this, he raised a formidable fleet and an army, and in 1190 he departed for the Holy Land, traveling through Sicily.

Richard found the Sicilians hostile, and took Messina by storm(October 4). To prevent the German Emperor Henry VI from ruling their country, the Sicilians had elected the native, Tancred of Lecce, who had imprisoned the late king’s wife, Joan of England(Richard’s sister), and denied her possession of her dower. By the Treaty of Messina, Richard obtained for Joan her release and her dower, acknowledged Tancred as king of
Sicily, declared...

Find Another Essay On King Richard

Comparison of King Richard III and Looking for Richard

1603 words - 6 pages Composers throughout various zeitgeists are linked by different representations of universal human concerns, and their texts simultaneously embody certain values and agendas individual to themselves. An exploration of Shakespeare’s King Richard III (1592) and Al Pacino’s Looking for Richard (1996) allows for a greater understanding of the composer’s respective contexts, along with their intended agendas, through the lens of their own societal

The Complex Character of King Richard II

3454 words - 14 pages The Complex Character of King Richard II A general conclusion of most critics is that Richard II is a play about the deposition of a "weak and effeminate" king. That he was a weak king, will be conceded. That he was an inferior person, will not. The insight to Richard's character and motivation is to view him as a person consistently acting his way through life. Richard was a man who held great love for show and ceremony. This idiosyncrasy

The Evil King in Shakespeare's Richard III

2389 words - 10 pages The Evil King in Shakespeare's Richard III Richard is an actor, a fully evil actor, who through his mastery of the stage has come to appreciate his skill. Richard Moulton, in his Shakespeare as a Dramatic Thinker, proclaims Richard's wonder at his own command of the stage: "Richard has become an artist in evil: the natural emotions attending crime-whether of passionate longing, or horror and remorse-have given place to artistic

The Character of King Richard III in William Shakespeare's Play

1064 words - 4 pages The Character of King Richard III in William Shakespeare's Play In my opinion Richard is definitely not a hero, he is nothing more than an immoral villain. He is a cunning, callous and carefree murderer. However, for much of the play the audience view him as a hero. Throughout my essay I aim to argue why Richard is an immoral villain whilst contrasting why many may perceive him as a hero. For much of the play

KING RICHARD AND QUEEN CONSORT ANNE NEVILLE OF WARWICK

1994 words - 8 pages Chapter 18 KING RICHARD AND QUEEN CONSORT ANNE NEVILLE OF WARWICK SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF KING RICHARD III III (Reign, 1483-1485) Richard III: life dates, 32 years, October 2, 1452—August 22, 1485; reign, 2 years, June 26, 1483—August 22, 1485. Richard of York Duke of Gloucester was the youngest of eight children and fourth of four sons of Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, and Cecily Neville Countess of Westmoreland. His father

The Tragedy of King Richard the Second: The Garden of the Kingdom

1460 words - 6 pages The Tragedy of King Richard the Second: The Garden of England In Act 3, Scene 4 of The Tragedy of King Richard the Second by Shakespeare, the Queen finds that she is unhappy due to an unexplained intuition. While in the Duke of York’s palace, the Queen’s waiting-women try to comfort her until the gardeners interrupt the failed attempts to reach a happiness. As the Queen secretly listens into the gardener’s conversation, she hears that they are

Comparing the Murder of the King in Hamlet, Richard II, Henry VIII, Macbeth and Julius Caesar

2780 words - 11 pages Murder of the King in Hamlet, Richard II, Henry VIII, Macbeth and Julius Caesar       Kings are everywhere in Shakespeare, from Hamlet to Richard the Second, from Henry the Eighth to Macbeth; many of the plays contain a central element of a king or autocratic head of state such as Julius Caesar, for example. They focus more specifically on the nature of that person's power, especially on the question of removing it; what it means on both

Comparative study of texts and contexts (King Richard III and Looking for Richard)

963 words - 4 pages Context influences the representation of values in a text and can shape the meaning to become more relevant. This is shown through the texts 'Richard III' by William Shakespeare and 'Looking for Richard' by Al Pacino. The different values held in society in the times these texts were created have a strong impact on the way they were written. The idea of divine order and justice was prominent in the time Shakespeare wrote the play, while the

Western Civ

1317 words - 6 pages “Extra, Extra read all about it: Two princes disappear, King Richard main suspect” would have been the headlines of the newspaper in the late 1400s if they had of had newspapers. Rumors spread about the princes’ disappearances throughout the land; no one knew what happened in the tower. Eventually they blamed King Richard; however, to this day we still do not know what in the tower. There have been multiple papers and articles published

How Shakespeare Portrays the Relationship between Richard and Buckingham in Richard the Third by William Shakespeare

2316 words - 9 pages soliloquy. He says the civil war has ended and the new crowned king is Richards’s brother Edward. Now there is peace. But Richard doesn’t like peace because peace is a time of love and happiness and he says he doesn’t suit this because of his physique. “Deformed, unfinished, sent before my time into this breathing world, scarce half made up”. He is not a man of love “And therefore, since I cannot prove a lover, to entertain

The Crowing of Richard the Third and the Turning Point

904 words - 4 pages The Turning Point alex thorn The crowning of Richard III marks the turning point from his rise into power to his demise. Up until he becomes king, Richard is the underdog – albeit, a ruthless and evil one. Thus far, the entire play has been focused on Richard’s attempts to assume power and seize the throne. However, once he becomes crowned King Richard, the focus of the play shifts to Richard’s attempts to maintain power and hold the throne

Similar Essays

King Henry V And King Richard Iii

813 words - 3 pages meanwhile married Catherine, the daughter of the French king. Thus, Henry had successfully united two kingdoms.The reign of King Richard III differed greatly. In order to reach the throne, he secretly plotted to usurp the kingship from his brother Edward and, likewise, to destroy anyone else who posed a threat.Shakespeare described Richard as evil and manipulative, but also brilliant, cunning, and persistent. He was born physically deformed and

Richard King: Cattleman And Pioneer Essay

1209 words - 5 pages Richard King: Cattleman and Pioneer Essay 2 James Walker 05/04/2014   When people think of Texas, one of the first images that come to mind are cattle and the cowboys that work them. Some of those cowboys amassed fortunes and assets that helped to write their names into the annals of history, but one of the great cattle barons achieved a status that is somewhat legendary. Richard King. Capt. King, as he was known during his steamboat

Richard Iii: A Ruthless King Essay

1408 words - 6 pages Richard III is known to this day as a ruthless king, remaining infamous for his alleged murders and nefarious acts. There are many rumors surrounding his rule, telling stories of his horrid temperament and appearance, and how he unscrupulously killed anyone who might oppose his reign. But modern historians are taking another look at his history, and some say he was not as bad as the stories claimed. Despite Richard III’s notoriety and bloody

Comparison Of King Richard Iii And Looking For Richard

911 words - 4 pages Connection between texts shapes your understanding of context and valuesExaminations of Shakespeare's play 'King Richard III' and Pacino's docu-drama 'Looking for Richard' reveals relationships between the texts and their respective audience. The fifteenth century and twentieth century contexts demonstrates the values of each text and enables understanding of how the film enriches the ideas presented in the play. 'King Richard III' portrays a