KING RICHARD AND QUEEN CONSORT ANNE NEVILLE OF WARWICK
SUMMARY OF THE REIGN OF KING RICHARD III
III (Reign, 1483-1485)
Richard III: life dates, 32 years, October 2, 1452—August 22, 1485; reign, 2 years, June 26, 1483—August 22, 1485.
Richard of York Duke of Gloucester was the youngest of eight children and fourth of four sons of Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, and Cecily Neville Countess of Westmoreland. His father, Richard Plantagenet, was the primary York protagonist at start of the Wars of the Roses, but after his death in the Battle of Wakefield in 1460, York leadership was taken over by his eldest son Edward who became Edward IV.
Richard of Gloucester was the youngest brother of Edward IV. His enduring claim to notoriety lies in common belief that he usurped his crown from his brother’s son, Edward V, that he contrived an accusation that the prince was illegitimate, and then he devised a secret means for murdering twelve year-old Edward V together with his nine year-old brother Richard Duke of York. Richard III imprisoned the two sons of Edward IV in the Tower of London, and they are famously known as the Princes in the Tower. After two months, they were never again seen alive. Richard III was blamed for authorizing their murder. Because Richard III was believed to be responsible for deaths of The Princes in the Tower, he has always been considered the worst of English Kings. Shakespeare depicts Richard III’s temperament to be the epitome of evil. Even so, the Richard III Society in London persists in defending Richard’s innocence of any devious role in the disappearance of the Princes in the Tower
Richard, Duke of Gloucester was born on October 2, 1452 at Fotheringhay Castle, Northamtonshire. During much of his life, he was known as Richard Duke of Gloucester, or simply as Richard of Gloucester. After Parliament, on spurious evidence, ruled the children of Edward IV to be illegitimate, and therefore ineligible to reign, Parliament then recognized Richard to be king on June 26, and he was crowned King Richard III on July 6, 1483. All was done legally, but public opinion accused Richard of Gloucester of usurping the crown from his nephew Edward V, who was king for less than three months,
Richard III’s reign lasted slightly over two years. He never earned respect and trust from his subjects. His reign was wracked by civil dissent, as he tried unsuccessfully to legitimize his crown.
Henry Tudor Earl of Richmond, the Lancaster contender for the throne, deposed and killed Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field on August 22, 1485. After his death, Richard III was buried in Greyfriars Abbey, Leicester, but his tomb was destroyed in despoiling of the monasteries during the reign of Henry VIII.
Anne Neville of Warwick was Richard III’s Queen Consort. She was his cousin, and it was her second marriage. Ann’s first husband was Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, the son of Henry VI, who was killed...