In 2007 there were approximately 77,200 fathers and 65,600 mothers incarcerated in the United States (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2007). As our society continues to grow, our jail and prison population are growing as well. When a parent or guardian is taken into custody the juvenile (child) is taken and released to a relative or child protective services. The children are either given to a close family member or a surrogate parent, meaning a foster home. This may have an emotional impact on the juvenile involved, which may lead them to committing delinquent acts. The children sometimes feel they are left to fend for themselves emotionally and the stress of these emotions are left upon the guardian at the time. These intense sufferings sometimes leave the juveniles in a harmful mental state resembling depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and feelings of abandonment from their parents/guardians. Children with incarcerated parents are five times more likely than their peers to commit crimes (Texas Department of Criminal Justice, 2008).
The Texas Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS) helps our communities guard our children, disabled and our elderly from abuse and neglect. This agency also helps protect the children in foster homes or any 24-hour child facility. The consultants provide intense investigations and prevention programs before placing a child in a new home. Texas Child Protective Services, also known as CPS, has five main goals which include: investigating reports of abuse and neglect of children, providing services to children and families in their home, placing children in foster care, providing services to help youth in foster care make a transition to adulthood, and placing our children in adoptive homes (CPS, 2013).
In 2009 a study was presented to identify the relationship of Kinship Care when parents are incarcerated (Hairston, 2009). Kinship is known as care in which relatives other than juveniles parents or guardian take the child into their home and gain responsibility of that juvenile, also known as relative foster care. This is a common care plan for juveniles with incarcerated parents; Kinship Care has three categories, private care, voluntary care and formal care. Private care is care that families make without the child welfare systems involvement, usually done with the grandparents or relatives playing a parents role in the juveniles’ life. Voluntary care is care provided by relatives when children are involved with the system, but not under the state custody. Formal care is care provided by relatives when the children are under the custody of the child welfare, also known as relative foster care. The purpose of the Kinship care study is to help develop more effective and caring social policies and programs. The goal is to help discipline and provide greater opportunities for the juveniles who have parents that are incarcerated.
The goal of this study is to identify if incarceration of...