This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Klaus Fuchs And The Atomic Bomb

672 words - 3 pages

Did you know that in 1949 we almost gave the secrets of the atomic bomb to the Russians? Emil Julius Klaus Fuchs was the spy that could have seriously changed our future as we know it. Klaus Fuchs was born into a Lutheran family and eventually joined the Communist Party of Germany. He soon fled to England following the rise of the Nazis in 1933. As a brilliant young scientist, he earned his doctorate in Physics from the University of Bristol in 1937, and was invited to study at Edinburgh University. Klaus Fuchs worked on implosion problems with the atom bomb. His treachery, however was when he delivered sketches of the Fat Man (the first model of the atomic bomb) to his Soviet courier, Harry Gold.
In 1943, Fuchs was among the British scientists sent to the U.S. to collaborate on the atom bomb. First, he was assigned to a team at Columbia University in New York. Then he was transferred to the weapons laboratory in Los Alamos, New Mexico, ...view middle of the document...

He was convinced the Communists were the only political organization able to fight the increasing influence of the Nazis. That was why as a student in Germany, he'd joined the Communist Party.
He was recruited to work in Edinburgh with one of the pioneers of quantum mechanics. Despite his communist past, after the war broke out the British granted him security clearance and he was recruited to work on the atom bomb. In his confession, Fuchs remembers being asked to help, "on some war work. I accepted it and started work without knowing at first what the work was... When I learned the purpose of the work I decided to inform Russia and I established contact through another member of the Communist Party." (WGBH Educational Foundation)
After the war ended, Fuchs made sure he understood everything that U.S. scientists knew about making hydrogen bombs. In April 1946, he attended a top-secret, three-day conference at Los Alamos that reviewed the wartime work on the super bomb. Shortly after he filed a patent with mathematician John von Neumann for an initiator for the hydrogen bomb. And then just before returning to Britain he reviewed every document in the Los Alamos archives on thermonuclear weapons design.

In Britain, Fuchs began working at the Harwell Atomic Research facility. But it didn't take him long to reestablish his Soviet contacts. In September 1947, he met with his new intelligence agent, Alexander Feklisov, in a north London pub. Asked ten questions about the super bomb, Fuchs described to Feklisov certain structural characteristics of the weapon. In March of 1948, he met Feklisov again. This time he handed over material that some Russian physicists now say proved to be of great importance to the Soviet hydrogen bomb. It contained a detailed description of the classical Super, as the first design for the hydrogen bomb was known, as well as Fuchs' own concept for an initiator.

Works Cited

Find Another Essay On Klaus Fuchs and the Atomic Bomb

The Atomic Bomb Essay

2433 words - 10 pages known as, “The Manhattan Project.”The Manhattan Project was the code name for the U.S. creation of the atomic bomb during World War Two. An atomic bomb is a powerful explosive weapon that derives its force from the sudden release of energy in a nuclear reaction called fission, or splitting, of the nuclei of such heavy elements as plutonium and uranium. (Yanak, Cornelison) The Manhattan project was named after the Manhattan Engineer

"The Atomic Bomb" Essay

1292 words - 5 pages The Atomic Bomb 1The atomic bomb was used mainly in W.W.II and in Japan. It was a usefuland very destructive war tool. It took years of scientific work for many men to create this war bomb.There were two presidents mainly involved in the processes of making and using the bomb,They were President Harry S. Truman and President Roosvelt.With the work of these two people and many other men the atom bomb was made possible to use.Most of the making of

The Atomic Bomb

1402 words - 6 pages initial blast winds that an Atomic Bomb gives off, people may be killed by several other things including heat rays, radiation and the implosion of their home. Robert S. Oppenheimer, was the father of the Atomic Bomb. After Albert Einstein stated that if the Nazi’s made a nuclear weapon first, the results would be devastating. Due to this, Oppenheimer decided to race to develop such a weapon, before the Nazi’s. On August 6, 1945, the first Atomic

The Atomic Bomb

1711 words - 7 pages The former Vice President and the new President, Harry S. Truman, made the crucial decision to drop the first ever atomic bomb. The bomb was named “Little Boy,” and it was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on the sixth of August in 1945. Just three days later on August ninth, President Harry Truman made another vital, yet difficult, decision to drop a second atomic bomb. This one was called “Fat Man” and was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan

The Atomic Bomb

830 words - 4 pages afraid to conduct such a large physics experiment in the heart of such a large city (Beyer 33). The test of the first atomic bomb was called Trinity. The test sight was a barren twenty-four by seventeen - mile chunk of the Alamogordo Bombing And Gunnery Range in New Mexico. The sight was called Ground Zero. There the scientist built a one hundred foot tall tower, atop which was a galvanized iron shed. This was to keep the bomb off of the

The Atomic Bomb

1719 words - 7 pages The Atomic Bomb Albert Einstein predicted that mass could be converted into energy. This was the basis for the atomic bomb. Throughout this research paper, I will trace the history of the atomic bomb. In addition, who was involved and why, what happened in this event, and explain the impact that it had on the world. After Einstein predicted, that mass could be converted into energy. This was confirmed experimentally by John D. Cockcroft

The Atomic Bomb - 2240 words

2240 words - 9 pages 9th 1945. Confident that he has made the right decision in dropping the first weapon of mass destruction, and thus hurling the world into an atomic age. It is, however, the poise of this strong leader, that makes it unclear to many just how agonizing and belabored his decision was. While at the time, to the public, the dropping of the atomic bomb was perfectly justified by the horrors of World War II. However, looking

Dropping the Atomic Bomb

899 words - 4 pages Americanswith the same blast. Also the kamikaze techniques of the Japanesefighters killed many soldiers. If this war would have continued wecould have lost thousands more. Also up to this point we spent 300billion dollars on war efforts. Many materials and other objects weredamaged. Any estimate on how much money was lost in damages would befutile. This number would have continued to rise if it had not beenfor the use of the atomic bomb. The horrendous

After The Atomic Bomb

2536 words - 10 pages than the original bombs used. However, a military change in strategy has came to promote nuclear disarmament and prevent the usage of nuclear weapons.The technology of building the atomic bomb has spurred some useful innovations that can be applied through the use of nuclear power. The fear of a potential nuclear attack had been heightened by the media and its release of movies impacting on public opinion and fear of nuclear devastation. The lives

The Atomic Bomb

4497 words - 18 pages . The atomic bomb would penetrate every fabric of American existence. From our politics to our educational system. Our industry and our art. Historians have gone so far as to call this period in our history the Òatomic ageÓ for the way it has shaped and guided world politics, relations and culture. The entire history behind the bomb itself is rooted in Twentieth Century physics. At the time of the bombing the science of physics had been

The atomic bomb

4442 words - 18 pages destructive war in the history of mankind came to an end . All while the survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki tried to piece together what was left of their lives, families and homes. Over the course of the next forty years, these two bombings, and the nuclear arms race that followed them, would come to have a direct or indirect effect on almost every man, woman and child on this Earth, including people in the United States. The atomic bomb would

Similar Essays

The Allies And The Atomic Bomb

914 words - 4 pages atomic bomb on Japan and showed no regrets for carrying out the plan. The United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom and China are among the major powers of the Allied Forces that unanimously agreed to drop the atomic bomb on Japan. The strongest among the Allies, the United States was the initiator of the plan of the atomic bomb. During World War II, Japan bombed the navy base of the United States known as Pearl Harbor(Depression & WWII

The Allies And The Atomic Bomb

1119 words - 5 pages atomic bomb on Japan without showing any regrets for carrying out the plan. The United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom and China are among the major powers of the Allied Forces that unanimously agreed to drop the atomic bomb on Japan. The strongest among the Allies, the United States was the initiator of the plan of the atomic bomb. On the 7th of December 1941, Japan bombed the navy base of the United States which was known as Pearl

The Atomic Bomb And The Manhatten Project

1776 words - 7 pages The Atomic Bomb and the Manhattan Project It was December 7, 1942 a beautiful mourning in Pearl Harbor. When out of the blue, hundreds of Japanese planes bomb and either sunk or severely damaged eight battle ships and at least thirteen other naval ships that were docked on the shore. This spark is what involved the United States the forest fire known as World War II. My paper is not on the war itself, but is on the atomic bomb, and what was

The Atomic Bomb Human Beings And Nature

1898 words - 8 pages The Atomic Bomb Human Beings and Nature With the surrender of Germany on May 1, 1945, the United States and its allies were well on their way to winning World War II and resuming peace in Europe. Japan was the only country still in their path. American forces soon began capturing islands off the coast of Japan including Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Since the Japanese refused to surrender, the United States began planning a ground attack on