The power and wealth of the Knights Templar led to their downfall. The manifesto of
Norwegian terrorist Anders Behring Breivik, who carried out two devastating attacks in Oslo last week, contains multiple references to a group called the Knights Templar, which he claims has revived along with other extremists. Meanwhile, a Mexican drug cartel with supposed religious inspirations has called itself the Knight Templar. Who were the mysterious medieval knights who formed the original order of the same name, which was disbanded by the Catholic Church some 700 years ago?
They had a distinctive appearance. Monks and priests shaved off a patch of hair around the crown of their ...view middle of the document...
From across Europe, new recruits and lavish donations began pouring in. From the tiny group of people that they started with, they now had grown tremendously. In Europe, Jerusalem, and all the colonies they were on, they had to be united and organized.
To join the Knight Templars, a knight needed to be accepted by a majority of the knights present at his local commandery. Filled with sergeants or elderly knights were usually hundreds of commanderies all over Europe. If a new member was joining the Knights Templar then it would require the presence of a Knight in charge in order for the ceremony to be successful. New members had to promise that they were knights already, were not married or engaged, not a member of any order, no debts, healthy person, had not bribed any member to join the Knights Templar, and that he was free. If a knight wanted to join the Templars not for their entire life, they were allowed to join for a certain amount of time, even if married, although they were not allowed to wear the white mantle that distinguished most Templars from other people.
Medieval knights were heavily trained and they thrived on unselective and regular violence. They were trained from a young age in dangerous situations. The more aggressive they were, the better. They were able to conquer lands and glory, and also go up the ladder in rank, even more quickly.
From the moment a knight joined a monastery they left their family and money behind, and lived as monks for the rest of their lives. They would learn Latin every day and serve in the monastery’s chapel. What made Templars unlike any other medieval monks was that, instead of meditating and illuminating manuscripts on sacred texts, they put on their armor, took up their swords, and trained for war. As it was said before, the Templars expanded rapidly throughout Europe. Now being thousands of Templars, they created a network of banks that enabled pilgrims to deposit money in their home countries and take it out in the Holy Land. The military strength of the knight Templars made it easy for them to collect, store, and transport large amounts of money to and from Europe with safety.
Knight Templars were connected to the highest societies of people in the medieval times. Kings were amazed by the quick growth of the Knights Templar. In 1139 AD Pope Innocent II placed the Templars directly under papal authority, and they were no longer subject to any bishop in whose diocese they might hold property. As a result they were able to establish themselves in...