Gender discrimination is prejudice or discrimination based on a person's gender. It has been linked to stereotypes and?roles, and may include the ideology that one gender is superior to another. To put it another way, it?s a system of ideas, both conscious and subconscious that people hold onto either through their socialisation, their family upbringing, their culture or their institutional setting. These attitudes may or may not be voiced overtly, but they nevertheless guide social interaction and behaviour. Despite massive progress, gender inequality remains a critical issue throughout the world, especially in regions like North Africa and the Middle East. Women are confronted with a systematic denial of rights where legal discrimination leaves them inferior to their male counterparts. Consequently, women globally lack a full realisation of their fundamental human rights. Learning about this problem reveals that gender equality is central to sustainable progress.
What Gender discrimination has Led to and What it Links to
Gender discrimination, rooted in an unequal distribution of power, has far-reaching consequences that affect every facet of society. Gender discrimination manifests in a variety of ways, including restricted access to educational and employment opportunities, increased exposure to sexual harassment and fewer options for acquiring affordable, quality health care.
Patriarchal Cultural Beliefs
Patriarchal societies, which give males greater importance than females, traditionally assign men more positive attributes, such as being stronger or smarter. When men occupy a superior position, they have the power to determine the amount of access women have to opportunities, ranging from education and playing sports, to participating in politics and making independent decisions about their personal lives.
Objectification of Women
According to the Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media, hyper- sexualised images in television programs, movies and magazines promote physical and verbal sexual harassment of women. When women are objectified, men are more likely to commit violent crimes against them and less likely to face punishment. RAINN, an anti-sexual
assault organisation, notes that although 1 in every 6 women has been the victim of rape, only 3 percent of rapers serve jail time. Additionally, when the media glorify a specific
set of features, women go to great lengths to attain this unrealistic definition of beauty. The Geena Davis Institute's research found that when females fail to achieve these exaggerated body characteristics, negative self-esteem and body-image issues arise.
Preferential Treatment in the Workplace
Gender discrimination in the workplace occurs when men receive preferential treatment over women. This can include being hired for a job over more qualified women, offered better working conditions, getting higher salaries for the same work, or getting more advancement...