Knowing In Nursing: The Four Fundamental Patterns

813 words - 3 pages

Nursing knowledge is categorized into four different fundamental patterns of knowing. These patterns are empirics, esthetics, personal knowledge in nursing, and moral knowledge in nursing. The patters of knowing are important when it comes to both the teaching and practice of nursing and are crucial within the discipline of nursing as a whole. This paper will summarize the science of nursing, the art of nursing, personal knowledge in nursing, and moral knowledge in nursing and will also apply moral knowledge to nursing practice today. Each of the patterns has equal significance in nursing and all are required to give adequate care to the vast uniqueness of patients.
Empirics is the science of nursing and was once not considered a major term within the literature of nursing, but has recently gained more significance in the field. Empirics are organized into theories in order to describe, explain, and predict concerning issues in the nursing profession. The theories are based on evidence and are used to organize and classify knowledge. Empirical evidence is also able to provide explanations that allow for more advanced predictions of patients receiving care in medical settings. While humans have varying and unique lives, science gives a life timeline that can help better predict things about any given individual at a specific time in their life. The expected life ranges also allow for better observation of variations in both health and wellness based on their internal and external environments. Adaptation is also a crucial aspect to examining the impact of environment on health status. Ability to adapt to environmental stressors dictates whether or not an individual can maintain or regain the goal of health desired by the human body. Overall, empirics are based on facts, examination, and description that strive to develop explanations to phenomena in nursing. Esthetics, the art of nursing, is another pattern of knowing in nursing. While nursing is an art, it has been hard to extend knowledge past the factual aspect of empirical examination. Individuals believe that the word art is too broad of a word to be an actual pattern within nursing; however, nursing is an art and includes both manual skills and technical skills. The art of this profession includes experience of the nurse, and personal creativity in producing positive outcomes for the patients that are being served.
Personal knowledge and moral knowing are the remaining patterns in knowing. Personal knowledge is considered the most...

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