Knowledge And Evidence Essay

1624 words - 6 pages

One definition of knowledge is true belief based on strong evidence. What makes evidence “strong” enough and how can this limit be established?

     The making of knowledge is the process in which personal opinion is fortified by pragmatic evidence. It is to my belief that, evidence is a keystone in the justification of truth, because it is something solid and concrete. Significance of evidence is also magnified by our society as we develop. In major areas such as: scientific investigations, judicial examinations, historical assessments and many other field of knowledge, the value of creditable evidence are strongly advocated. While evidence is a strong factor in eliminating doubts of knowledge, different types of evidence can also affect the reliability of the truth claim which it supports. The fine line dividing valuable evidence and unreliable proof has since been drawn and debated over from the first schools of thoughts to today’s broad fields of knowledge. Likewise, I will also call upon my own experience and understanding to draw my own line in the grey vicinity of this spectrum.
     Before the declaration of my knowledge claims, I would like to clarify my understanding of evidence and its characteristics; which will be the foundation of this discussion. On a broad view, evidence can be identified as a fact-like assertion that proves or disproves ¯ to a certain degree ¯ a notion to be true, and trustworthy. On a closer examination, I realized, it is the evidence’s degree of relevance and authenticity that establishes its value and strength. Relevance, I believe, is the relationship which the evidence has with the theory that it is trying to uphold. As two things with strong connections tend to support each other, evidence with close relationship to the hypothesis, is also able to support the truth within that assumption. Authenticity, on the other hand, is the creditability of evidence. Only when the evidence is valid, will the knowledge that it is trying to justify be accurate. Furthermore, evidence’s strength also lies within its objectivity and creditability. With less personal bias, evidence will be regarded as objective, therefore easier to admit universally. At the end, creditability finalizes strong evidence through the influence of trust. Even though strong evidence can stand as a fact of its own, they still can be employed in the defence of false knowledge. With the diverse roles evidence can play, the classification of sound, truth-validating evidence still proves to be difficult. Finally, with the two sides of the spectrum identified, I will now seek the line of partition.
With half of the world believing in a religion of some kind, it is hard to ignore the fact that many people’s beliefs are based on evidence that seem to have little precision and authenticity. However through the inspection of a more plain case, such as The Turin Shroud, we will see the evidence that...

Find Another Essay On knowledge and evidence

Prescribed Title Essay

837 words - 4 pages . When a mathematician uses deductive or inductive reasoning, he only needs “reason” as a way of knowing. Nevertheless, not all forms of knowledge are attained through “reason” therefore the “strength” of the evidence becomes arguable when it goes in other areas of knowledge where two or more ways of knowing have to be used to develop evidence. In the second Area of Knowledge, I will be addressing natural sciences, more specifically, the problems

xcvxcv Essay

1519 words - 7 pages The first question that needs to be is asked to complete this analysis is: How are knowledge claims created? A knowledge claim is a judgment of something we believe to be true with or without sufficient evidence. Knowledge claims are what we create as a means to justify and/or rationalize our beliefs and thoughts. Knowledge claims are created in an attempt to define and categorize those thoughts. One way knowledge claims are created is through

Knowledge Management

789 words - 3 pages there is a need to share this knowledge across the organisation, from both a peer to peer transfer of information leading to improvement in client output, as well as coaching and mentoring junior employees to improve their performance and develop in well rounded consultants. When all this comes together there is no doubt (need to ensure I have the evidence here) that the transfer of knowledge within and around the organisation wil lead to a

Study notes for lawschool.

10423 words - 42 pages investigation and he rejected the offer by saying he had no knowledge of the wrongdoing. At the trial court, the judge decided that the offer of immunity had no relevance on the case and could not be admitted into evidence base on FRE 410 (plea negotiations are inadmissible). This court is looking at the issue of whether or not the judge exceeded her discretion under FRE 403 to bar relevant evidence whose probative value is outweighed by the

The Possibility of the Discarding of Knowledge

1662 words - 7 pages criteria to be accepted as knowledge. A common counterclaim to my argument might be one of methods of experimentation by scientists are designed to confirm previously held knowledge, and that no amount of evidence can disprove something that was once previously held as knowledge because it was considered true, justified, and believed. An example to support this counterclaim is the discovery of the Higgs Boson, or “God particle”. Scientists since

TOK ESSAY

1602 words - 7 pages knowledge. In particular knowledge being based on reasoning and perception does get discarded but interestingly emotion is involved in the recognition of knowledge too and therefore knowledge gained through this might happen to get discarded. In the past there have been situations when the knowledge being discovered earlier in time was discarded later because there has been new evidence found to support a new theory. This has happened in the human

Testimonial Evidence in Major League Athletes

1186 words - 5 pages evidence, Mason et al. (2005) regards physical evidence as a more reliable source of information because testimonies are subjective to the witness or victim. Testimony relies on accurate recollection of all the events that transpired (Mason et al., 2005). Subjectivity also originates from biased or imprecise perception causing the facts to become distorted. In many cases an expert witness, having vast knowledge and qualifications on the subject, will

TOK- “That which can be asserted without evidence can be dismissed without evidence.”

1462 words - 6 pages controversial and varies on a given situation or on the person that is interpreting the situation. Therefore, what determines the validity of evidence? Is certainty possible in the absence of evidence? Consequently, I agree with the statement to a certain extent, depending on the areas of knowledge such as science, religion, math, history and art.First of all, evidence is found through ways of knowing. The two ways of knowing that often oppose each

Theory Of Knowledge And Its Justification

1586 words - 6 pages that knowledge in and of itself is our beliefs supported by evidence, and justified for their certainty and truth.¡®Justify,¡¯ holds to prove something right, and to support our beliefs. To justify in some instances is rule out the oddity, to prove someone or something else wrong. We as the knower, and the keeper of knowledge relates it to many different fields. These fields are all connected with each other with one

Philosophy of Knowledge; David Hume's "The Origin of Our Ideas and Skepticism about Causal Reasoning" and "An Argument Against Skepticism," by John Hospers

529 words - 2 pages David Hume's "The Origin of Our Ideas and Skepticism about Causal Reasoning" states his beliefs about knowledge and his idea that we can only have relative certainty of truth. Skeptics concur that there is not enough evidence to predict the future or prove truth. In "An Argument Against Skepticism," John Hospers argues that we can have absolute certainty because there is enough evidence from the past and from our own experiences to prove an

The uncertainty of knowledge

1740 words - 7 pages What is knowledge? Can we as a whole actually be certain of our knowledge? If so, how? Are we not all based upon illusions and misconceptions, which in actuality create our society today? Knowledge is supported and evidenced by faith or by the 'arrogance of religion'. Faith is supported by psychological beliefs that have little or no proven evidence. By simply believing and having this faith, a person creates a rationale for accepting ideas and

Similar Essays

A Sceptic Is One Who Is Willing To Question Any Knowledge Claim, Asking For Clarity In Definition, Consistency In Logic And Adequacy Of Evidence. Eval

1712 words - 7 pages ‘A thing is not proved just because no one has ever questioned it … Hence scepticism is the first step toward truth ... ’ Denis Diderot The Knowledge Issue at hand makes the statement, that ‘a sceptic is one who is willing to question any knowledge claim, asking for clarity in definitions, consistency in logic and adequacy of evidence.’ In order to approach the first area of knowledge ‘religion’, one must use a rational, emotional and

Evidence Essay

613 words - 3 pages Introduction Evidence is the key component to solving a crime. Collecting evidence is important because all of the questions that cannot be answered by people can be answered by science. Crime scene investigators can be reliable as expert witnesses because of their experience in the field and their knowledge of evidence. There are two main types of evidence that can be used in court: direct and circumstantial. Direct Evidence Direct

Understanding Relevance Legal Standard Essay

985 words - 4 pages unwarranted chauvinism it is covered under the F.R.E. Rule 403(Federal Rules of Evidence). The Rule 403 of the F.R.E., states that relevant evidence may be excluded if its probative value is outweighed by unfair prejudice. This is to say, when something has been present to the jury that would produce unfair prejudice and could develop an adverse opinion prior to having sufficient knowledge of relevant facts. (Britz, 2008, pp. 273 - 274). In the

Conversion And Departure Between Science And Social Science

1792 words - 7 pages , our families, friends" you do look ill", popular culture, bad cough and complementary health practice such as "holistic medicine." Medical knowledge of the general practitioner, we expect the doctor to have access to expert knowledge. This is socially sanctioned "because he describes drugs and treatment to which patients would not other wise have access." Evidence from "X-ray" diagnosis, experiments, observations, instruments, add new