“Knowledge Is Nothing More Than The Systematic Organization Of Facts”. Discuss This Statement In Relation To Two Areas Of Knowledge.

901 words - 4 pages

“Knowledge is nothing more than the systematic organization of facts”. Discuss this statement in relation to two areas of knowledge.

Knowledge is considered as familiarity with some issue, which includes facts. According to the classical definition of knowledge, there are three criteria that a statement must satisfy in order to be considered as knowledge: it must be true, justified and believed. What is considered as fact? The word itself derives from the Latin ‘factum’ which means something that is done. Facts are usually compared to truth, thus they must be explained. Facts need analyzing and explanation in order to attain knowledge, because knowledge is not just knowing a fact and not knowing the reason and cause. However facts do change over time, thus knowledge changes. As knowledge can be shifted and if we consider it as an organization of facts, to what extent can we say that facts that are changed over time are reliable?
Operation of facts and the thing about their constancy differ through different areas of knowledge. Let us consider history. The composition of history consists of bias of fact finding – all different from time to time. Powerful authorities of specific times tend to change the facts therefore knowledge that is considered as universal truth in shifted. The organization of facts is the base of knowledge. The famous Katyn Massacre is a good example of how facts were changed by the authorities. The term refers to the massacre In the Katyn forest in 1940 where a mass Polish execution was conducted by the Soviet secret police. About 22,000 Polish were executed. It was the Nazi government which announced the discovery of the mass grave in the Katyn forest in 1943. An investigation started about the massacre by the London based Polish government in exile, however when Stalin heard about this, he started to use his diplomatic relations in order to maintain power. He ordered the NKVD the Soviet secret police to start cover-up operations. They interviewed witnesses, who were made to change their reports if they were different to that of what the Soviets demanded. The widespread violence finally let the Soviets to officially assign the guilt on the Germans and concluded that the mass execution of Polish was conducted in autumn 1941 by the Nazis. The verdict was afterwards propagandized by the Soviets. The Soviets used language as a tool of controlling the situation as it is a powerful tool of shaping people’s attitudes. Since much of our knowledge comes from words, language is an important attribute in attaining knowledge or considering something as knowledge. Even though their truth was suspected the Soviets denied committing the crime until 1991, when the Soviet Union collapsed. In 1990 the Soviet...

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