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Knowledge Management Essay

2444 words - 10 pages

Knowledge Management majorly can be seen as an approach whereby an enterprise or organization can influence the ‘tacit’ and ‘explicit’ Knowledge of its employees, trading partners, and outside experts for the benefit of the organization (Ackerman et al., 2002, Bellaver and Lusa, 2001). Knowledge Management leads to driving Knowledge till an extent of being a vital asset of an organization and alongside develops processes and activities to manage it efficiently & effectively (Moffet & McAdam, 2003). This essay throws light on two approaches to knowledge management and how they differ in context to the their respective techniques of Knowledge Management. The next section gives a broader view of Nonaka’s Theory and approach to knowledge management and his basis of considering individual knowledge articulation and Knowledge Sharing, a facilitator to organizational knowledge creation. Further, this essay explains how the implications of Knowledge Management, Individual and Organizational; link to management and strategy and how adapting proper techniques and processes of knowledge management provide organizations with a competitive advantage over its contenders.
A Great deal of dependency lies on Innovation & Creativity, basically ideas; implying dependency upon Knowledge Management & transfer as well as its integrated implications with Management & Strategy amongst the individuals within the organization. Widely, two approaches to knowledge management can be identified, compared and argued, the ‘Individual/Personal’ or ‘Tacit Knowledge’ approach to & the ‘Organizational’ or ‘Explicit Knowledge’ approach. Many Papers and theories suggest these are often seen as the Japanese/Eastern Managers Approach and Western Managers Approach respectively.
The personal knowledge approach to knowledge management derives from the fundamental assumptions that knowledge is essentially personal in nature and that knowledge is therefore very difficult to extract from the minds of individuals. Individual knowledge broadly represents the Tacit Personal knowledge of an individual working in an organization. This type of knowledge can be understood to be intimate in nature Thus; given its nature it is not an easy task extorting this knowledge from the mind of an individual(Ron Sanchez ,2005). Evidently Assuming that knowledge is highly personal and is more likely to remain in the minds of the knowledge holding individual, this approach is more inclined towards an individual being the source of knowledge in the form of a carrier or originator (Ron Sanchez, 2005). Managers are inquisitive to look for & identify the different sorts of knowledge held by the individuals working in that organization and then initiating interactions amongst these knowledge carriers to generate higher productivity that is fruitful for the organization. Knowledge distribution in case of an individual based approach is best accomplished by Knowledge possessing Individuals being transmitted as...

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