Knowledge Management As A Management Tools

983 words - 4 pages

Despite the increased focus by research and industry toward improving security of our cyber infrastructures, today the protection of data, entrusted to enterprise information systems, is more challenging than ever. There are several factors underlying this trend. Data security concerns are evolving. In addition to the traditional requirements of data confidentiality, integrity and availability, new requirements are emerging such as data quality (P. Missier,2003) completeness, timeliness, and provenance. In particular, it is important that data be complete, correct, and up-to-date with respect to the external world. The increasing quality of data will make data more valuable. Highly valuable data increases the potential to be gained from unauthorized access and the potential damage that can be done if the data is corrupted. The amount of data is increasingly large: “It is estimated that the amount of information in the world is doubling every 20 months, and the size and number of databases are increasing even faster” (R.Agawal, 2002)). Therefore, protection mechanisms must be able to scale well. We see increasing disintermediation in data accesses. The intermediate information processing steps typically carried out by corporate employees such as typing an order received over the phone are removed. Users who are outside the traditional corporate boundary can have direct and immediate online access to business information which pertain to them. In a traditional environment, any access to sensitive information is through employees. Although employees are not always reliable, at least they are known, their access to sensitive data is limited by their function, and employees violating access policies may be subject to disciplinary action. When activities are moved to the Internet, the environment drastically changes. Today, due also to the offshoring of data management functions and the globalization of business enabled by the Internet, companies may know little or nothing about the users (including, in many cases, employees) accessing their systems and it is more difficult for companies to deter users from accessing information contrary to company policies. Finally, as a result of trends toward ubiquitous computing, data must be available to users anywhere anytime. Because of these increased risks, the adequate protection of information systems, managing and making available large data volumes, is not an option any longer. Not only will damage to the data affects a company’s businesses and operations, it could also have legal consequences on companies especially if, as discussed (Schneier, 2004) , laws were to be promoted enforcing liability of software products and applications. As Schneier argues in his paper, in the very near future insurance companies will move into cyber-insurance and we can certainly expect that “they will start charging different premiums for different security levels.” All the above motivations are thus strong drives for the...

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