This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Knowledge Rather Than Correct Opinion: Analyzing The Nature Of Augustine’s Confession And Reflection

1149 words - 5 pages

In his book Confessions, Saint Augustine writes about his conversion from a Manichee to a Christian. He confesses to God and asserts that God is “incorruptible and inviolable and unchangeable” (Augustine 111). Based on his deep faith in God, Augustine abandons the concept of Manichee dualism and believes in God as “not only [the] good but the supreme good” (114). At first he has no idea what the nature of evil is, but finally he starts to understand that the nature of evil is not a substance at all, but rather “a perversity of will twisted away from the highest substance [– God]” (Augustine 124-126). He contends that the totality, rather than the evil or goodness of individual things should be considered (125). In this essay, I am going to argue that Augustine’s reflection and understanding are better described as knowledge, rather than correct opinion.
In order to demonstrate my argument, it is better to first have an understanding of what knowledge, and correct opinion are, respectively. In the Meno, Socrates argues that “true opinion is no way a worse guide for correct action than knowledge” (Plato 89). To some extent, both correct opinion and knowledge are beneficial to people, because both of them could lead people to success, i.e. “correct action”. Hence correct opinion is as useful as knowledge. In the Meno, Meno has difficulties understanding why “knowledge is prized far more highly than right opinion”, and Socrates explains by illustrating the difference between these two ideas. He argues that correct opinion does not “remain long”, and does not “worth much until one ties them down by [giving] an account of reason why” (Plato 90). Correct opinion, in this sense is not stationary, and it only transforms to knowledge by recollection. Correct opinion is more like “temporary knowledge”, which seems superficial until evidence is found to support it. The concept of “tied down” is particularly interesting. Correct opinion does not belong to a person until that person him/herself manages to fully understand and explain the meaning of that opinion, which we then call knowledge. Therefore, knowledge, according to Socrates is of higher level than correct opinion, for it belongs to the person who owns it and does not vanish as time evolves.
Now that we have clear definitions of knowledge and correct opinion, we shall see that Augustine’s understanding of evil is better described as “knowledge”. Although Augustine was once a Manichaeism believer, he “affirmed and firmly held divine immunity from pollution and change and the complete immutability of our God […]” when he was writing this book (113). This belief lays a rational basis for his understanding of evil and goodness, and it is crucial to his reflection characterized as knowledge. Although nobody knows whether on earth God exists or not, Augustine’s belief in the existence of God sounds reasonable in his era. Despite his deep faith in God, however, Augustine was not really sure whether God...

Find Another Essay On Knowledge Rather than Correct Opinion: Analyzing the Nature of Augustine’s Confession and Reflection

The Importance of Correct Management and Communicating

1481 words - 6 pages , simple and natural. The best way to transmit and spread information through the corporation or company is communication face to face because you can get an immediate feedback. The manager’s role is to make the group more efficient than they would be without him. One of the first things that you have to do as a manager is to build your team. Usually, when you become manager your team is already in place. Maintaining a good employer

Hannibal and the Downfall of Carthage: Hannibal's decision to cross the Alps rather than the Mediterranean in the 2nd Punic War

1465 words - 6 pages huge army to defend and expand which was more powerful than its fleet. The combined indications of a strong naval background, a Carthaginian weakness on land, and the might of the Roman legions should have been a sufficient warning to assault Rome by sea rather than land, but Hannibal thought other wise and as a result, the Romans still controlled Mediterranean.Had Hannibal confronted the Romans at the beginning, he might have crippled the Roman

Why did Stalin rather than Trotsky emerge as the leader of the USSR after Lenin's death?

1732 words - 7 pages policy of 'socialism in one country' drew upon the hardened Bolsheviks support and made Russia seem more special in the role of communism in history. Members favoured the idea of looking after Russia's own problems like industry and agriculture rather than pushing for an 'international revolution' which Trotsky did. Stalin could then work on this to create the image of Trotsky being an enemy of the Soviet Union and '...portray the Right(s) as an

The Difference Between Medieval And Early Modern Is One Of Degree Rather Than Strict Demarcation." Discuss This Idea In The Context Of Any Two Writers You Have Read

1733 words - 7 pages beneath Yucca Mountain, it not only affects seriously to the health of nearby residents but also many people who drink milk produced on dairy farms in the region. Secondly, the largest problem confronting Yucca Mountain is transporting the radioactive waste from temporary storage sites. The waste would be transported by truck and train. Inevitably, accidents would occur during this process. Moving waste to Yucca could create more than one more nuclear

Evaluating the View that Poverty is Caused by Economic Inequality Rather than Cultural Attitudes and Lifestyles

2000 words - 8 pages . He argued that the welfare state has created an underclass of poor people who are lazy and prefer to live off the state rather than work. By Underclass, Murray means a significant and self reproducing group, who form a distinctive bottom element of the class structure in UK and US societies, he did accept that there are poor people who are poor through no fault of their own and his analysis of the USA differed from the

Essay analyzing the question: Is Paulo Freire Correct About the Banking Concept And The Problem-posing Method?

1174 words - 5 pages reason for these classes is for introductory purposes. They generally teach basic facts of their respective field with information and facts that have been tested, recreated, and proven over time to be correct and accurate. For instance, there is no point for students to discuss and state their own version of the law of gravity since it has already been proven to be true. In this situation,, knowing the facts is more important than thinking

What If We Still Lived in the World of Cities Rather than Nation-states?

710 words - 3 pages occur. People hardly live above poverty line and growth of economy is slow. Will we live in the world of Hunger Games if we still lived in Cities rather than Nation-states? Charles Tilly stated that for a city to be successful, there needs to be a combination of both capital intensive and coercion (Entanglements of European Cities and States, pp. 23). For capital to suffice, I argue that an institution needs capital itself, labors, competence

The Environmental Benefits of Utilizing Nuclear Energy Rather Than Fossil Fuel Energy

3407 words - 14 pages underground water supplies, and terrorist attacks. They also argue that nuclear energy is far to expensive to be the answer to the energy crisis. Since the year 2000 estimated cost for nuclear power plants have more than tripled due to increased material costs and lack of trained workers. They suggest that it will cost up to 1,500 dollars per kilowatt in construction of nuclear reactors and up to 1,800 dollars for advanced reactors. This means that each

arguments for spending more of the American budget on Education rather than Welfare

579 words - 2 pages spended more on education, we would be able toget more, better teacher to teach our children. With moreteachers on the field, we would be able to teach morestudents than normal. To help the teachers out in thereteaching, money would be put in to buy new, improved, andrevised version of books.Thought this seems good and all, the short- term effectwould be that this would only be able to happen for acertain amount of time. This is because the people

Discuss the view that consolidation rather than expansion was the prime objective of Roman foreign policy between 69 and 211 A.D

1850 words - 7 pages Discuss the view that consolidation rather than expansion was the prime objective of Roman foreign policy between 69 and 211 A.DFrom studying Roman frontier policy, it seems clear that the image of the Roman army as great conquerors, sweeping through vast areas of the known ancient world, is a view which is probably more typical of the period of Augustus' reign rather then any subsequent long-term expansion policies of any of the later emperors

Critical analyzing of the knowledge, Skills and abilities that are key to a Managers role within an organization

2845 words - 11 pages being transferred into cost cutting and work improvement measures.One of my most positive actions was to get the microwave fixed.This gave me a foot into the door of management while successfully putting my knowledge of frustrations of earlier years on the shop floor into good use.I learnt it is far better to listen and communicate then in a real way rather than pay lip service only.Action speaks louder than words.DelegationDelegation is probably

Similar Essays

Consider The Arguments Both For And Against The Contention That Gender Is A Product Of Nurture Rather Than Nature

2014 words - 8 pages Consider the arguments both for and against the contention that gender is a product of nurture rather than natureSociologists use the term sex when referring to biological differences between male and female bodies whereas gender is used to explain the social construction of masculinity and femininity. The distinction between sex and gender is important as many differences between males and females are not just biological. The predominant

Reflection Confession Of St. Augustine Essay

762 words - 3 pages St. Augustine uses his focus on the fact that God may exists in the same extent which wisdom and truth exists, which is as concepts or ideas in the mind but not reality. He shows that there is evidence of God but not a powerful creator. To Augustine, God exists but requires him to exist for the basis of his argument. St. Augustine focuses on memory as an unconscious knowledge, which eventually leads him to his knowledge of God. Augustine is no

The Strengths And Weaknesses Of Augustine’s And Ireneau's Theodicy

2386 words - 10 pages The Strengths and Weaknesses of Augustine’s and Ireneau's Theodicy ‘Evil did not come from God, since God’s creation was faultless and perfect’ (St Augustine) St Augustine was a man wrote a theodicy about the problem of evil and suffering based on the Creation and Fall of Genesis in the bible, he believed that evil was caused by something that was outside the omnipotence of God. God himself is all powerful but after

The Changing Nature Of Knowledge Essay

1113 words - 5 pages “That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow.” Consider knowledge issues raised by this by this statement in two areas of knowledge. Knowledge is ever changing in the world therefore the acceptance of knowledge changes daily. The issues raised by the statement are determined by what determines the acceptance of knowledge. In ethics, people decide the acceptance of right and wrong. People change everyday and such