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“Knowledge Takes The Form Of A Combination Of Stories And Facts.” How Accurate Is This Claim In Two Areas Of Knowledge?

1217 words - 5 pages

Any knowledge around us is constructed by stories and facts. At the first glance while considering about the authenticity of the statement on whether the stories or facts are the parts to construct the knowledge, it’s important to get an understanding of the key terms at the beginning by the defining these terms. A fact stands for the theory which had been proved by actual science research or observations, whereas the story is a narrative which is based on fiction. A fact is usually a statement which describe a truth in short explanation. It is the study which focuses on the nature and involves experiments and theories. That is very logical and is supported with evidence and reason. The absolute facts usually appear in natural science because the natural science does not have the involvement of radical imagination which is no influence in their scientific research, unlike the art. To get an understanding of whether the knowledge is accumulated by stories or facts, the definition of knowledge is the past experience which had been justified as true. People usually get knowledge through life experience、religion or education or other places. Knowledge can be incorrect and can be beliefs. Scientific knowledge is reliable but the understanding is changing rapidly. History is an example of less reliable knowledge. As the only area of knowledge which records and demonstrates past human experiences, history may not work as well as the natural sciences in presenting knowledge since it focus on describing the fact in the story form. As one of the areas of knowledge which mainly made by facts, natural science is the possible corresponding area of knowledge which relate to the “reason” which allows people go beyond the immediate experience of their sense to promote theoretical knowledge; the natural science is a type of science research the natural phenomena and rules which aims to determine nature's principles. Science is a combination of facts and stories. Furthermore, “to what extent are facts being distorted to make up stories?” is a knowledge issue which can describe the topic through history, and “in which way does the facts are used to construct scientific story?” is a knowledge issue which describe the topic in natural science.

There is one real life situation which could demonstrate these knowledge issues: history provides the stories but is based on the facts. As one of the most well-known massacres during the Second World War, Nanking Massacre have caused more than 200,000 Chinese civilians’ death in a week due to the Japanese armies’ killing (Wikipedia.com 2014). Multiple evidences have shown how the invaders attacked Nanking and massacred civilians with no arms. The Japanese appear to want to change their textbook in 2013 edition to reduce the impact of massacre; the textbook refers to the 1937-38 Nanjing massacres, when Japanese troops killed an estimated 250,000 to 300,000 people, by the more innocuous title of "incident” (World.time.com...

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