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Lawrence Kohlberg: A Brief Biography Of Him And His Theory

1559 words - 7 pages

He was a very intelligent man, and taught many people about his theory. Although he has done many other things in his life besides working on his theory.
Lawrence Kohlberg was born on October 25th, 1927. He grew up in Bronxville, New York. Kohlberg was a volunteer sailor in World War ll. As a teenager Kohlberg attended Andover Academy in Massachusetts. Andover Academy was a private high school, and most of the students that attended this school were very intelligent and came from a wealthy family. After he graduated, Kohlberg took a job as an engineer in a carrier ship. While working on the ship, Kohlberg and others helped smuggle Jews from Europe into Palestine. Later after the war (1948) Kohlberg applied to the University of Chicago.
When Lawrence Kohlberg applied to the University of Chicago, he scored so high on the admissions test, he tested out of many courses, thus he only had to take a few. Kohlberg got his bachelor’s degree in a year. Lawrence Kohlberg then became very interested in cognitive development. He started to study cognitive development and moral development. He looked at Piaget’s research on moral development, and built his theory using Piaget’s studies as its foundation. In 1959, Kohlberg started working with the staff at Yale University as an assistant professor. He became the director of a child psychology training program.
Later, Kohlberg took a job at Harvard University. At Harvard he taught social and educational psychology. Kohlberg then started traveling around the world; studying moral development of citizens in different countries. While studying in Belize, Kohlberg contracted a tropical disease. This disease caused him an intense amount of pain and depression. He went missing on January 17th, 1987. His body was found 1,000 yards away from where they believe his body entered the water. Once an autopsy was done they found that Lawrence Kohlberg died of drowning and they believe it was suicide. Six hundred people gathered at Harvard to remember all of the great work Lawrence Kohlberg did, and to honor him for his discovery on moral development. April 15th, is now declared Lawrence Kohlberg day.
As stated previously, Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral development started with the studies of Piaget. Using Piaget’s tradition, Kohlberg discovered that there are three stages of moral development and in each of these levels there are two stages; making six stages total. He found that we go through each of these levels and stages in order, and cannot go through a higher stage first. We may not complete or reach all of these levels. Many people do not go through the third level or the 5th or 6th stage. The three levels of moral development are Pre-Conventional Morality, Conventional Morality, and Post Conventional Morality.
The first level is Pre-conventional Morality. This level is usually used by children under the age of eleven. Children in this stage level...

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