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Kongming: Sleeping Dragon Essay

1901 words - 8 pages

Zhuge Liang, also known as Kongming, was the chief strategist and advisor to the kingdom of Shu who lived the era of Three Kingdoms. His surname, Kongming, translates to sleeping dragon, and it was given to him because his talents were hidden from the world until the leader of the Kingdom of Shu requested his aid. Zhuge Liang mastered both domestic and foreign policies in addition to his unique technique of blending his knowledge of weather and astronomy using nature to defeat the enemy with armies of fewer men. He was also a great inventor who attributed inventions such as the repeating crossbow and the flying lantern. Furthermore, he is also considered to be a true confusion follower and a tragic hero because of the destiny that fate brought upon him. Due to his accomplishments, historians regard him as a versatile man, an inventor, a feared strategist, a true Confucian follower, and to some extent a tragic hero.
Zhuge Liang’s talent was hidden for many years in a rural area of the Hubei Province, where lived a modest life as a farmer. It was not until he agreed to help Liu Bei achieve his goal of unifying China that his talents were brought to light. His unconditional successes impressed Liu Bei and “was later appointed as ChengXing (minister) of political affairs” (China Travel Agency). In fact, some historians believe that it was because of him that Liu Bei’s army came to be feared and was able to defeat armies of larger ratios. His intervention in the war created allies and new technological advances such as the invention of new weapons and wear. Zhuge Liang’s master died at age sixty and “Liang was entrusted with Liu Bei’s son and kingdom” (China Travel Agency).Liu Bei’s confidence in Liang’s ability to govern and achieve China’s unification surpassed that of his own son. Liu Bei hoped that after his death Zhuge Liang would continue to lead the army and achieve the unification of china along with teaching his son how to become a good ruler. The time in which Zhuge Liang lived was considered “one of the most turbulent eras in Chinese history” (Jade Dragon). The era between 200BC and 300BC was known as Three Kingdoms because during this time China was divided among three rulers who wanted the unification of China under their own dynasty. For more than a century, invasions were frequent and frontiers turned to battlegrounds. Zhuge Liang’s abilities were widely known for excelling in the military; however, his talents and knowledge extended far beyond the battlefields.
A second widely recognized skill was his drive for inventing new artifacts. His concepts on efficiency drove him to invent artifacts that not only benefited the army on the battle but also daily activities of the common people. There is a legend that claims that he was able to invent a type of vehicle in the shape of a Wooden Ox. This vehicle was able to “walk automatically without energy for 10k each time its tongue was turned” (Mysterious China Blog). Liang’s capacity to...

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