Konsep Sistim Bisnis Integrasi Essay

3762 words - 15 pages

SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMENKONSEP SISTEM INFORMASI BISNIS TERINTEGRASIDisusun oleh :ALISA ANGGARANI M (125020300111004)VITRIA ZHUANITA RANI (125020300111018)WIDYA NUR LATHIFA (125020300111077)JURUSAN AKUNTANSIFAKULTAS EKONOMI DAN BISNISUNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYATAHUN AJARAN 2014/2015MACAM DAN FUNGSI APLIKASI BISNIS SISTEM INFORMASI BISNIS TERINTEGRASIENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNINGEnterprise Resource Planning (Perencanaan Sumber Daya Perusahaan) adalah peranti lunak yang memungkinkan perusahaan untuk mengotomisasi dan mengintegrasikan banyak proses bisnis mereka, berbagi basis data dan bisnis umum di seluruh perusahaan, serta menghasilkan informasi dalam waktu terkini. Pengertian lain dari ERP adalah sistem informasi yang diperuntukkan bagi perusahan manufaktur maupun jasa yang berperan mengintegrasikan dan mengotomasikan proses bisnis yang berhubungan dengan aspek operasi, produksi maupun distribusi di perusahaan bersangkutan.Tujuan suatu sistem ERP adalah mengordinasikan bisnis perusahaan secara menyeluruh, mulai dari mengevaluasi pemasok hingga menagih ke pelanggan.Hal ini dapat terpenuhi dengan menggunakan suatu basis data terpusat untuk membantu aliran informasi antarfungsi bisnis.fungsi bisnis yang disatukan caranya berbeda, bergantung pada kondisi yang ada. Sistem ERP umumnya menyajikan informasi manajemen keuangan dan sumber daya manusia. Sistem ERP juga mencakup hal-hal berikut :Peranti lunak Manajemen Rantai Pasokan (Supply Chain Management - SCM) untuk mendukung komunikasi antar vendor yang canggih, aktivitas e-commerce, dan aktivitas penting bagi logistic dan pergudangan yang efisien.Peranti lunak Manajemen Hubungan Pelanggan (Customers Relationship Management - CRM) untuk masukan bagi bisnis. CRM dirancang untuk membantu analisis penjualan, membidik kelompok pelanggan yang paling menguntungkan, dan mengelola petugas penjualan.Para vendor peranti lunak ERP telah mengembangkan modul untuk menyajikan beragam paket "solusi" yang dipadukan dan disesuaikan bagi kebutuhan perusahaan tertentu. Kiat sistem basis data yang besar dan sistem ERP yang terintegrasi ini adalah untuk membuat sebuah hubungan sistem computer antarmuka yang memungkinkan pengaksesan file pada basis data tersebut. Selain integrasi data peranti lunak ERP juga menjanjikan berkurangnya biaya transaksi dan menambah kecepatan dan keakuratan informasi.Dalam sebuah sistem ERP, data hanya dimasukkan sekali ke sebuah basis data yang umum, lengkap, dan konsisten yang dimiliki oleh semua aplikasi.MODUL-MODUL ERPSecara modular, ERP terdiri atas tiga modular utama yaitu : modul operasi , modul akunting dan finansial serta modul sumber daya manusia. Berikut ini penjelasan dari setiap modulnya :Modul OperasiGeneral Logistik, adalah proses aliran pendistribusian yang efisien dalam penyimpanan barang dari titik asal / titik produksi ke titik konsumsi. Modul ini juga terintegrsi dengan modul lainnya misalnya production & planning, enterprise controlling, dll.Sales and Distribution, merupakan...

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