Konstantin Tsiolkovsky Essay

969 words - 4 pages

Konstantin TsiolkovskyKonstantin Tsiolkovsky was born to a poor family on September 17th 1857 in the village of Izhevskoe, south of Moscow. He was born with disabilities due to his hearing problems, and was dropped out of school. All the knowledge he gained was from self-studying from hundreds of hours reading in libraries.Tsiolkovsky was the all time pioneer of astronautics. He played an important role in theorising the future of space travel, rocket propulsion, and of course, the development of the Soviet and Russian space program.At the age of 17, inspired by Jules Verne's science fiction novels, he first dreamt about the possibility of space flight. From that onwards, he started to think about the problems of space vehicle design, and occupied himself with mathematics, physics, chemistry, analytical mechanics, astronomy and astronautics, among others.On March 1883, he wrote "The Theory of Gases", describing the kinetic properties of gas. He demonstrated the reaction principle by his experiment of opening a container filled with compressed gas. This experiment was based on Newton's Third Law of Motion. Tsiolkovsky concluded that the movement of the container could be regulated by changing the pressure of the gas released.This discovery prompted him to complete a manuscript in the same year called "Free Space", which was later published in 1956. The manuscript described the life and ways of motion in free space, the effects of weightlessness in space, the design for altitude control and an airlock for exit into space, all done without any mathematical calculation. He also drew a primitive design of a spacecraft as shown below.On August 25 1898, Tsiolkovsky completed a draft of his first design of a reaction thrust vehicle. He was engaged to this research intensively at that time, developing scientific principle but no actual motors were developed.It was in 1903, where his well known article "Issledovanie Mirovykh Prostransty Reaktivnymi Priborami" (Exploration of the Universe with Reaction Machines) was published in "Science Review" magazine. It explained how a reaction thrust obeying Newton's Third Law of Motion can carry human into space, escaping the Earth's cradle."The Tsiolkovsky Rocket Equation", created by him in May 10 1897 also appeared alongside the article. It was the first publication in the world about this subject. The equation is:where u is the final rocket velocity, v is the velocity of the exhaust gases, Mo and M are the starting and ending masses of the rocket, and uo is the initial rocket velocity prior to the fuel burn. Besides, the article also contained his draft of the design of his first rocket as shown in below. The rocket was to be powered by a combination of liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen, surprisingly, just like the fuel used by rocket today. The mixture would react vigorously to produce a force, exerted by condensed and heated gases, at the narrow end of a tube. As a result, the rocket would be able to lift off...

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