Korean American Immigrants
Before the World War II era, the smallest Asian community to settle in the
United States of America was the Korean American community. Between 1903 and
1905, immigration records show some seven thousand Koreans migrated to Hawaii.
Hawaii had been annexed to the United States in 1898 and organized as a territory in
1900 A fraction of those immigrants came to the mainland. After 1905, sizable.
Korean emigration was all but stopped by Japanese overlords. Tens of thousands of
Koreans then went or were brought to Japan, but their descendants are still not
granted citizenship and other human rights.
The early Korean American community differed from the other Asian
communities in social characteristics. The Koreans were largely a community of
families, and a majority of them had converted to Christianity before leaving their
homeland. They saw Christianity as a kind of protection from the brutal Japanese
regime. (Encyclopedia of American Social History, Volume II, pages 880-887)
(America-A New World Power, Page 107)
The changes in the world that were made by World War II opened the
golden door of immigration once again. However, Korean immigration to the United
States was most greatly influenced by the Korean War and fueled anew by the Immi-
gration Act of 1965.
Before World War II, Korea had been one country, but in the aftermath of that
war, Korea was taken from Japan and occupied by the Soviet Union north of the
thirty-eighth parallel, and by the Americans south of that line. After four years
of occupation, American forces left South Korea in 1949. North Korea saw this
as the chance they had been waiting for, the invasion of South Korea...
(Readers' Digest, The Story of America, 457)
The Korean War began June 25, l950. It was early afternoon in New York,
high noon on the West Coast, and four o'clock in the morning in faraway Korea.
The summer monsoons had just begun, and heavy rains were falling, when the North
Korean army of seventy thousand men, forty miles of big guns, and Russian T34
tanks crossed the thirty-eighth parallel. Sheet after sheet of flames erupted, and North
Korean planes filled the air toward Seoul, less than fifty miles away. As General
MacArthur would later state, "North Korea struck like a cobra" that wet morning
of June 25, 1950. The Korean Peoples' Army(KPA) and the North Korean Army
captured Seoul on Wednesday, June 29th, 1950.
Russian diplomats had been boycotting the United Nations Security Council
meetings, because the United Nations had not admitted Red China. Because of that
boycott, President Harry Truman was successful in his appeal to the United
Nations for "police action". For the first time in history, on Sunday, July 3, l950, an
international organization voted to intervene against...