As evident through the striking similarities between the totalitarian government of 1984 and the Communist regime of North Korea, it really is as if Kim Il Sung obtained an early copy of George Orwell’s 1984 and used it as a blueprint for his system (Hitchens n.p.). George Orwell had been exposed to various types of imperialism throughout his early life, leading to a realization of his resentment for authority. Orwell produced the novel with the intent of warning future societies of the dangers of totalitarian governments, yet North Korea epitomizes a flawless depiction of the very authority that Orwell yearned to avoid through providing a detailed illustration of the ramifications of submitting to a tyrannical government (Merriman n.p.). The totalitarian dystopia of George Orwell’s 1984 incorporated the use of intrusive surveillance mechanisms, indoctrinatory propaganda, and distorted nationalism to suppress its citizens. Likewise, the Communist regime of North Korea closely resembles this society in their oppression of their people.
Several methods of surveillance allow the totalitarian government of 1984 to perpetually oppress its citizens to their will. They utilize the telescreen, a device that enables the Party to monitor and regulate the actions of the people at any given time:
It was terribly dangerous to let your thoughts wander when you were in any public place or within range of a telescreen. The smallest thing could give you away. A nervous tic, an unconscious look of anxiety, a habit of muttering to yourself—anything that carried with it the suggestion of abnormality, of having something to hide. In any case, to wear an improper expression on your face (to look incredulous when a victory was announced, for example) was itself a punishable offense. (Orwell 62)
Comprised of both a microphone and an integrated camera, the telescreen is used by the government to enforce their policies and moreover strike paranoia within the people through constant supervision. Furthermore, these instruments are placed in every house and street corner, and in every public area throughout Oceania (Orwell 62). In addition to the telescreen, hidden microphones are scattered across the nation to provide the government with the ability to scrutinize every dialogue pronounced among the citizens without their knowledge (Orwell 119).
Not only does the Party harness the use of multiple devices to reinforce their surveillance measures, but they employ a secret police and an undercover organization to eliminate possible dissenters. The secret police of Oceania, known as the Thought Police, have the capability of observing and punishing “thoughtcrimes” through the use of psychology and technology:
How often, or on what system, the Thought Police plugged in on any individual wire was guesswork. It was even conceivable that they watched everybody all the time. But at any rate they could plug in your wire whenever they wanted. You had to live—did live, from...