This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Korean War Essay

1119 words - 4 pages

On 26 June, one day after 90,000 North Korean troops, armed with Soviet weapons, crossed the 38th parallel to invade South Korea, President Harry Truman directed U.S. military forces to assist South Korea. This began the Korean War, which came at a time when America was becoming more and more fearful of Communism. The fact that Communist China and the Soviet Union were backing the North Koreans added to American fears of a "Communist Takeover" of the world. Led by General Douglas MacArthur, American troops spent three years fighting in Korea. The war ended in stalemate in 1953 with the North Koreans north of the 38th parallel, a border that still separates North and South Korea. When North Korea invaded South Korea , the U.S. Air Force was less than three years old from its prior designation as the U.S. Army Air Forces, which ended on 30 September 1947. Thus the Korean War was its first conflict as an independent service. The Korean War was also the first war in which a world organization, the United Nations, played a military role. The Korean War marked the first battles between jet aircraft. Early in the conflict, Allied bombers and fighter planes based in Japan, Okinawa, and South Korea roared over North Korea unopposed. They supported Allied troops, killed enemy troops, and damaged Communist bases. The Soviet Union soon began to supply North Korea with MIG-15 Fagot jets, and dogfights became an important part of the war. As many as 150 to 200 U.S. F-86 Sabrejet, F-84 Thunderjet, F-80 Shooting Stars rose to meet MIG-15s flying from their fields in Manchuria. All the dogfights occurred over North Korea because Allied planes were ‘not permitted’ to cross the Yalu River, and the MIG-15's ‘never’ flew south of the 38th parallel. Most of the battles took place in "MIG Alley," an area between the Yalu and Pyongyang. The Allies used helicopters to carry wounded soldiers from battle zones to hospitals. Helicopter pilots made daring rescues of Allied fliers who had been shot down. For the first time, helicopters carried troops into combat. The U.S. Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps lost more than 2,000 planes during the war. Most of them were shot down by Communist antiaircraft guns. Allied fliers destroyed more than 1,000 Communist planes. Navy and Marine fliers killed about 100,000 Communist troops, and Air Force fliers killed about 184,800 troops. An armistice agreement was signed on July 27, 1953, and the fighting ended. A buffer zone, called the Demilitarized Zone, divided the two sides. It was 21/2 miles (4 kilometers) wide along the final battle line. South Korea gained about 1,500 square miles (3,880 square kilometers) of territory. Both sides agreed not to increase their military strength. “The Forgotten War.” “Police Action.” The Korean War has endured many names over time. However, it was more importantly recognized as the first major conflict between the East and West, and an important milestone in the initial years of...

Find Another Essay On Korean War

Korean War Essay

2624 words - 10 pages Korean War Throughout the history of mankind there has always been war. Nations have always had disagreements with one another and the result is the death of many young soldiers. Although many men die in war, not as many men die if the war was fought to win and not only to stop the enemy. However, the wars that have not been fought to win, but only to stop a force, have had much greater a loss than those fought to win. In the Korean War

Korean War Essay

824 words - 3 pages Questions for Grandpa regarding the Korean War Do you remember any acronyms that the Navy used specifically for the Korean War? O.R.I. for operation readiness - an observed (by other Navel officers) exercise between ships to test readiness for combat R&R for rest and recreation - time off to return to Tokyo for a break R.O.K. - name of the Republic of Korea army "Here We Go Again" - a signal for when our ship was given another

Limited War (korean war)

912 words - 4 pages limited war is the opposite of total war. An example of a limited war is the Korean War (25th June 1950- 27th July 1953). This war is classified as a limited war due to both sides having restrictions upon military commitment, political and economical commitment and finally their objectives. The level of commitment from the allies also had a significant impact on the War; Soviet supported North Korea where as America support South Korea.North Korea

The Korean War

1674 words - 7 pages The Korean War began on June 25th, 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea. On June 27th, 1950, American United Nations forces intervened to stop the advance. This action has positively and negatively affected both the United States and Korea. Deciding to aid South Korea in the Korean War has drastically changed the lives of many people. In 1949, China fell into Mao Zedong’s communist forces. More than 500 million Chinese and 220 million

The Korean War

1599 words - 6 pages The Korean War began on June 25th, 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea. On June 27th, 1950, American United Nations forces intervened to stop the advance. This action has positively and negatively affected both the United States and Korea. Deciding to aid South Korea in the Korean War has drastically changed the lives of many people. In 1949, China fell into Mao Zedong’s communist forces. More than 500 million Chinese and 220 million

The Korean War

1647 words - 7 pages On 25 June 1950, the Republic of South Korea was invaded by the North Korean Democratic people. Then, many things started to happen and these showed that they became the main significance of the Cold War that had been going on between the Allies power and the communists, since World War II was over. The invasion by the North Korean communists made President Harry Truman got furious. He looked at the attack as a direct dispute to America's

The korean war

1619 words - 6 pages Overview1.The Korean War, which started on the 25th of June, 1950, has been described as the bloodiest war in history. Starting of as a dispute over land between North Korea and South Korea, it slowly expanded into a full blown war involving other countries such as the Soviet Union, United States of America and China. Although most of the fighting took place on Korean soil, there were also battles taking place in the air, as well as battles in

The Korean War

2130 words - 9 pages The Korean War is often referred to as the forgotten war. There are no monuments in Washington D.C. to acknowledge the thousands of American soldiers who fought valiantly and died for their country's political interests. There are no annual parades, and little information in text books to inform anyone on the war. Korea was a bloody war. The United States sustained over 140,000 casualties with 33,000 killed in action, yet the U.S. never formally

The Korean War

2918 words - 12 pages The Korean War The Korean War is often referred to as the forgotten war. There exist no monuments in Washington D.C. to acknowledge the thousands of American soldiers who fought valiantly and died for their country's political interests. There are no annual parades, and little information in text books to shed light on the war. Korea was a bloody war. The United States sustained over 140,000 casualties with 33,000 killed in action, yet

Korean War notes

1170 words - 5 pages Korean WarNotes At 4:00 a.m. Sunday morning, 25 June 1950, North Korea crossed the38th Parallel (known as the "Line of Demarcation" in that part of the world), and launched a full-scale invasion of South Korea. The UN Security Council immediately passed a resolution calling on the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea" (the DPRK) to cease hostilities and to withdraw.When the North Koreans refused, the Security Council passed a second

UN and Korean War

736 words - 3 pages and policies laid down by them. It has Secretary-General as its head who is appointed by General Assembly with five-year term.(B)why did the UN become involved in the Korean War?Korean War was probably most complicated and cautious issue in the UN history since its inception in 1945. As the issue was caught in Cold War scenario, it had to be deal carefully and successfully or else UN would lose credibility of its status.Korea was unwillingly

Similar Essays

Korean War Essay

1393 words - 6 pages Korean War is often called a "forgotten war" because not many people remember it. In fact, many people were enjoying the end of World War II when the Korean War started. Because of that reason, people did not want to think about foreign affairs but only domestic affairs. The war brought many domestic changes that still remain with us. The war is not forgotten.During the 1950's, the Americans were anxious to forget the war and enjoy the long

Korean War Essay

1162 words - 5 pages Korean War In the beginning, 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean People’s Army traveled across the boundary of the Soviet-backed Democratic People’s Republic of Korea of the North and Western Republic of Korea of the South, or the start of the Korean War. The Korean War was an event that drawled many nations’ attention to the arguing peninsula. The war was basically the border clashing between two rivals Korean system of governments, each

Korean War Essay

1080 words - 5 pages United States involvement during the Cold War began with the Korean War. The War started on June 25, 1950 when troops from North Korea entered the 38th parallel, which was the boundary established after World War II between North Korea and South Korea. The North was supported by the Soviet Union and People’s Republic of China while the South was later supported by the U.S and its allies. Their attack was one of the first military measures of the

Korean War Essay

1112 words - 4 pages Throughout history the United States has fought in many wars. Whether the fighting took place in Europe such as WWI or in our own land like the civil war. The one war many people seem to forget is the Korean War. The Korean War also known as the “forgotten war” was a war between North Korea, South Korea and the US together with the South Koreans to help. The Korean War was fought on sea, land, and in the air over and near the Korean peninsula