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Korean War Essay

1112 words - 4 pages

Throughout history the United States has fought in many wars. Whether the fighting took place in Europe such as WWI or in our own land like the civil war. The one war many people seem to forget is the Korean War. The Korean War also known as the “forgotten war” was a war between North Korea, South Korea and the US together with the South Koreans to help. The Korean War was fought on sea, land, and in the air over and near the Korean peninsula (Brown, p.2). On June 25, 1950, the North Koreans rumbled across the thirty-eighth parallel. The invasion was successful because the south was not expecting or even prepare for a war. The invasion was so successful that they pushed the south to a tiny defensive area around Pusan. That’s when President Truman steps in real quick to halt the invasion of the North Koreans. Truman ordered American armed forces under General Douglas MacArthur to support South Korea. The Korean War was a clash between Communist forces and Free World (Brown, p.2).
On June 25th, 1950 at 4 a.m. the North Korean People’s Army (KPA) attacked across the 38th parallel, implementing a well-developed invasion plan (Lewis p.1). The KPA had a huge number of military men compare to the South Koreans. It had about 135,000 soldiers in 10 divisions, five separate infantry brigades, and one armor brigade with 120 soviet-made-T-34 tanks (Lewis p.1). The Republic of Korea (ROK) was taken by surprise and was not fully equipped with weapons like the KPA (Lewis p.1). So for that matter the ROK could not halt the invasion. But if the South Koreans would have had heavy artillery like the KPA then maybe the KPA’s invasion plan would had been a failure. The United Nations Security Council approved a US sponsored resolution that called for an end to the invasion and the withdrawal of the North Koreans (Lewis p.1). On June 27th, President Truman authorized General MacArthur to use air and naval forces to help the South Koreans, and to slow down the invasion of KPA (Lewis, p.1). The next day the capital Seoul fell to the KPA. MacArthur’s initial objective was to secure the port of Pusan and halt the North Koreans advancement towards Pusan (Lewis, p.2). Keeping the Pusan peninsula protected was very important. Pusan was so important because it was the key to resupply from Japan. If the Pusan peninsula would have been taken over by North Korea the war could have been over right then.
Rather than to fight out of the southern Pusan perimeter, MacArthur’s staff wanted to plan for an amphibious assault behind North Korean lines. The best site was Inchon. Inchon was the best site because a landing at Inchon would open a second front against the North meaning they would be forced to fight both to their rear and front (Montross p.1). Second, Inchon was to the east of the capital Seoul, where main roads and rail lines met. This meant they could cut off the North Koreans supply lines. So if the North Koreans couldn’t resupply they wouldn’t be able to sustain their...

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