Korean War, Causes And Effects Of Korean War In South Korea And North Korea

2452 words - 10 pages

It has been more than a half century ago since Korean War, which was a significant event for both North and South Korea as well as other countries who were involved in the War. It is marked as a tragedy in modern contemporary history that destroyed the entire nation of Korea and killed millions of people. Furthermore, the after effect of the War is still presently influencing North and South Korea internally and externally. The effect of Korean War is visible in living conditions of people, structure of society and understanding of the society. The War's influence is deeply embedded in both North and South Korean's history, controlling the consciousness and perception of the people. Internationally, Korean War has accelerated the Cold War, further stiffening the confrontation between the East and the West. Korean War also strengthened United State's ideology of freedom and heavily affected United State's position in international order. Although North and South Korea remained hostile to each other, Cold War came to an end in addition to unification of East and West Germany. However, despite international peace and unifications, North and South Korea still remains divided not only geographically but also ideologically. Then what is the fundamental reason? Many scholars have argued that it is the distinctiveness and particularity of Korean War. In other words, Korean War has inspired disbelief of each other. Nevertheless, although problems have been address, further analysis is yet to be made. This paper will argue that Korean War, one of the most destructive conflicts of the 20th century took place not only on the basis of distrust between North and South Korea, but also underlying political contentions between U.S.S.R., U.S., China and Japan after WWII, influenced the rise of Korean War. In order to make this argument, I am going to examine what factors caused Korean War, how the War was played out and what Korean War means nationally as well as internationally.Korea was first taken over by the Japanese during the Russo-Japan War of 1904. After Japan had won, the U.S. approved of Japan's domination of Korea. In return the Japanese promised not to challenge the U.S.'s dominion over the Philippines (Eckert, p.238-239). After Japan lost WWII, Korea was freed from Japan. However tensions grew as Russia took over the northern part of Korea up to the 39th parallel. Upon that, Russia placed a communist government in North Korea. South Korea was freed and was expected to become a democracy (Oberdorfer, p. 5-9). With North and South Korea in place, more tensions grew as North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung and South Korean President Rhee Syng Man started civil conflicts upon each other (Hastings, p.51). On June 25, 1950, around 4:00 a.m. North Korea attacked South Korea with 135,000 men in the middle of the night. They outnumber the South Korean army, which only had 45,000 men with very little weapons and supplies. Within days, South Korean's army was...

Find Another Essay On Korean war, causes and effects of korean war in south korea and north korea

Tension on the Korean Peninsula: South Korean Foreign Policy Towards North Korea

4154 words - 17 pages Tension on the Korean Peninsula - South Korean Policy Towards North KoreaNorth Korea, formally known as the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a relic of the Cold War and the world's last remaining totalitarian Stalinist dictatorship. Arguably the most secretive state in the world, North Korea poses a unique set of challenges to the world, especially to its democratic and capitalist neighbor, South Korea, formally known as the

Tension on the Korean Peninsula – South Korean Policy Towards North Korea

4039 words - 16 pages taken a much more hard-lined stance to North Korea, cutting off all aid shipments and making their resumption conditional on the abandonment of the North’s Nuclear weapons. This reversal of policy has also not brought about the desired result as tensions on the peninsula are at their highest point since the end of the Korean War. In 2010, a South Korean warship was sunk near the disputed maritime border causing the death of 48 sailors. A

Politics of North and South Korea

2476 words - 10 pages important that everyone is loyal and obedient to the leader and the country; the non-significant political parties would be an example of superiority of the Korean Worker¡¦s Party      Since North Korea and South Korea both adopted a different type of government, their political process of also difference. In South Korea, demands that the people create on their government are growing at a fast rate and therefore the

The Korean War: Causes and Aftermath

1489 words - 6 pages the fact that World War 2 just ended, tension between North and South Korea remained heated. Causes of the Korean War can mainly be broken down into two different categories; ideological and political reasoning. The Soviet Union, China and North Korea, the communist side, ideologically wanted to secure the Korean peninsula and incorporate it in a communist bloc. This “domino effect” feared individuals such as Harriet Truman due to the fact that

Causes of the Korean War

1306 words - 5 pages have been holding an A bomb with South Korea's name on it. It must have seemed too big a risk for America to take for the well-being of Korea, a place not even worthy of being mentioned in a speech made by the US secretary of state specifically naming countries the US would go to war for. Therefore it can be seen that the Soviet Union and North Korea had reason to believe that the US would not get involved in any conflict on the Korean Peninsula

Causes of the Korean War

1335 words - 5 pages Causes of the Korean War After the USSR installed a Communist government in North Korea in September 1948, that government promoted and supported an insurgency in South Korea in an attempt to bring down the recognized government and gain jurisdiction over the entire Korean peninsula. Not quite two years later, after the insurgency showed signs of failing, the northern government undertook a direct attack, sending the North Korea

Korean War and DMZ: Cause and Effects

2007 words - 8 pages deeper analysis of the evidence will take place in Section D. Also in Section D, symbolization of DMZ will be thoroughly explained to clarify the extreme mood that it holds as the "Iron Curtain" of the Far East.Section B : Summary of Evidence The Korean War, from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953, was a conflict between communist North Korea and democratic South Korea. It was a "proxy war" between the democratic United States, and the

How Free Are North Korea, South Korea, and Thailand

921 words - 4 pages When analyzing how free a country is, there is a spectrum that the state can fall on with one extreme being not free, the other extreme being free, and partly free being right in the middle. When looking at North and South Korea, despite once being a single country until their split in 1945, they are on two very opposite sides of that freedom scale. North Korea is one of the most oppressive and authoritarian states in modern history, while South

The Causes of the Korean War

1036 words - 4 pages The Causes of the Korean War On 25th June 1950, ninety thousand North Korean soldiers invaded South Koreas border defences, The Korean war had begun, this small scale civil war would escalate into an international conflict. Historically Korea had once been a united country, under Japanese rule for between 1905 and 1945 however, the Japanese were unruly and did not treat the Koreans well. At the end of the Second World

1984 and North Korea

1685 words - 7 pages of dystopia in North Korea by illustrating a nation that remains isolated under an almighty ruler. North Korea profoundly corresponds with Oceania by being a highly militarized nation. Although it has been decades since the Korean war, there has been an everlasting tension between North Korea and the nations surrounding it. Every minute of everyday the North Korean army remains armed on its border. Whether it is a South Korean or Chinese

North Korea and Confucianism

2125 words - 9 pages North Korea has been in the centre of political discussions for many years, therefore much research has also been done on its regime, international status, foreign policies and other matters. However, North Korea is not just a communist hermit kingdom that was created by the Soviet troops during the Korean War, it is also a traditional Confucian state that shares many fundamental similarities to its neighbours. Furthermore, this same

Similar Essays

War Between North And South Korea

1296 words - 5 pages Since the Korean War ended with an armistice in 1953, there have been multiple disputes between North and South Korea. North Korea’s extensive missile and nuclear weapons programs along with their further nuclear ambitions block a peaceful unification of these two countries. North Korea often threatens to attack South Korea at the slightest provocation. The ongoing conflict between these two nations has escalated in recent decades. Even

South Korean Foreign Policy Towards North Korea

3402 words - 14 pages Tension on the Korean Peninsula - South Korean policy towards North KoreaNorth Korea (Formal name: Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea or DPRK) is as a relic of the cold war; the world's last remaining totalitarian Stalinist dictatorship. As arguably the most secretive state in the world, it poses a unique set of challenges to the world and especially its democratic and capitalist neighbor South Korea (Formal Name Republic of Korea, ROK). As a

North And South Korea Essay

1026 words - 5 pages North and South Koreas Outbreak In War John F. Kennedy once noted: “Mankind must put an end to war before war puts an end to mankind.” Rising tensions between two opposing forces can lead to intense conflict. Provided that China and Japan have struggles of their own, North and South Korea have had struggles since 1950 (“Korean War”, 1) and continue to hold their conflicts, which seem to be increasing. South Korea, a democratic nation, is the

Dissimilarities Between North Korea And South Korea

1254 words - 6 pages Dissimilarities between North Korea and South Korea “We risked our lives for a South Korean dream, but If a war breaks out, should I fight South Koreans or should I shoot at my relatives in the North?” asks Ri Kyong” The Republic of Korea was small a country which was located in the far eastern edge of Asia. It was separated when the Korea War started in 1950 and lasted until 1953. At that time it turned into two different countries, which are