Last July the International Court of Justice issued an advisory opinion (asked by Serbia) on Kosovo which said that the declaration of Independence did not violate International law. This opinion by Kosovo and its independence sponsors was welcomed, but by Serbia and Russia called very ‘technical opinion, and not mandatory’. The opinion and the new request by Serbia to call the UN General Assembly to decide on a new dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina made the EU and US Diplomats to convince Serbia to submit a consensual resolution, which after several senior EU officials visits in Belgrade happened. The UNGA resolution takes into account the opinion of the ICJ that "the unilateral declaration of independence has not violated international law ", and calls for talks between Kosovo and Serbia on open issues. The resolution says the European Union position itself to lead both countries toward the prospect of integration into the union.
In march 2011 under the facilitation of the European Union, Pristina and Belgrade launcher an dialogue on ‘technical issues’ which should make easier the life of the people in Kosovo and Serbia (e.g. free movement, cadastral registers, electricity, telecommunication, etc.). This dialogue which by EU diplomats is preferred to be called a technical dialogue has got different messages from Pristina and Belgrade. Pristina to be able to argue that it will not discuss the status or the position of Northern part of Kosovo, Belgrade argues that first they will talk about technical problems to move later on the issue of status.
But some officials in Belgrade recently have voiced their call for status talks, which should include every possible solution which can be found to resolve the Serbian-Albanian problem of Southeast Europe how they prefer to call it. Serbian President Boris Tadic, a moderate Serbian politician, has said that Belgrade should talk with Tirana (Albania) to resolve the issue of Kosovo, as both countries is the capitals of the Serbian and Albanian nation in Southeast Europe. This represents a new policy shift in Belgrade which will try to avoid Pristina, if in Tirana exists such a will, to find a compromise solution which should draw the borders between the Albanians and the Serbs in Southeast Europe, at least when it comes to Kosovo.
But the headline of the month was a statement of Serbian Deputy Prime Minister Ivica Dacic, who belongs to the SPS founded by Slobodan Milosevic, who said that it’s an illusion to expect Kosovo will remain part of Serbia as a whole, but with a compromise which should be partition on ethnic principle, this would end the longest conflict in Southeast Europe. It’s not a surprise that someone from Belgrade makes such statements, but for the first time Serbian politicians does not exclude the issue of territorial change based on ethnic lines.
But what does it mean for Kosovo and Serbia partition and draw of borders on ethnic lines, in first view it might be a pragmatic...