This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Krokodil: A Popular Drug In The Soviet Countries

1023 words - 5 pages

In the regions of Russia, Ukraine and any other former Soviet countries, a new home cooked injectable drug has plagued the streets. In the late 1990s heroin was at its peak of popularity in these counties, being imported from Afghanistan (Breaking worse, 2013). Heroine was not widely available in Ukraine but along with the popularity of heroine in the other regions, home cooked injectables were just growing in the urban and rural areas. Within the last several years, over-the-counter codeine containing injectable drugs have become more popular than the poppies or raw opium based injectable drugs (Breaking worse, 2013). When codeine is cooked down it turns into desomorphine, or called by its more recognizable street name krokodil. Currently Russia and Ukraine are designated as the hardest hit countries with the outbreak of this new street drug. For this paper the researchers reviewed all information on the production and use, associated harm, any changes in the recent drug market, and any possible harm reduction response that could shed some light to this potent drug (Breaking worse, 2013).
Literature searches from Google, PubMed, and Google Scholar search engines, along with YouTube yielded over 39,400 hits with only 11 articles, 8 journal articles, and 30 videos found useful to the researchers (Breaking worse, 2013). Most of the videos graphically documented the cases of several individuals with extremes conditions as a result of taking krokodil. Krokodil has a very short half-life and a short high that leaves its users wanting for more. The side effects are extreme withdrawal symptoms leading to the increase in the frequency of usage of the drug. Desomorphine from codeine is synthesized similar to home produced methamphetamine and not much different from heroine (Breaking worse, 2013). Desomorphine toxicity is about three times greater than morphine, which can lead to its rapid addictiveness and frequency of use among its users.
What makes krokodil so dangerous is that it can be made from simple inexpensive house hold or over the counter drugs, accompanied by the effortless cooking process. Codeine-based painkillers or simple over the counter cough suppression drugs can easily be obtained at the local drug store. The codeine-based pills or syrup is combined with gasoline or lighter fluid and vigorously mixed with acidified water (Breaking worse, 2013). When left to rest the two components separate into an aqueous and the gasoline mixture. The gasoline mixture is discarded while the aqueous layer containing the codeine is extracted into another container, combined with iodine, hydrochloric acid and red phosphorous, and cooked over a stove top (Breaking worse, 2013). The finished product results in a liquid from that is dispensed by the use of hypodermic needles to its intended users. Literature researches have shown very little variation in the cooking process which leaves the question of possible contaminations and the...

Find Another Essay On Krokodil: A Popular Drug in The Soviet Countries

Soviet Women in the Early U.S.S.R

2455 words - 10 pages Soviet government’s legitimacy in its early years by proclaiming, “In the course of two years of Soviet power in one of the most backward countries of Europe more has been done to emancipate women, to make her an equal of the ‘strong’ sex, than has been done during the past 130 years by all the advanced, enlightened, ‘democratic’ republics of the world taken together.” (Warshofsky Lapidus 58) . He emphasized the commitment of the Soviets to

Account for the changes in Soviet Society

729 words - 3 pages Union to defend itself. Stalin openly displayed his view by famously saying “We are fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this distance in ten years. Either we do it, or they crush us”. There were many economical changes to Soviet Society to make way for industrialisation, the main one being a command economy. There was no longer demand and supply as there is in a capitalist society, under Stalin, all elements of

Stalin's Power in the Soviet Union

1558 words - 6 pages get grain more easily. It resulted in the near dissolution of an entire class; the Kulaks, famine between 1932 and 1933 and the deaths of thirteen million peasants but at the same time Stalin was exporting grain to other countries successfully which was his main aim. All of this was very important in consolidating Stalin's power in the Soviet Union as it showed he was a good leader and could and did make a success of the

Creativity Confinement in the Soviet Union

1070 words - 4 pages In a time period of strict rules of keeping creativity contained, Dmitri Shostakovich wrote under the pressures of the government-imposed standards of Soviet art. However, Shostakovich used his undeniable musical talent to compose pieces with components of sadness and darkness that were, during this time period, challenging the pride of the state. Therefore, he and his music were officially shunned. He continued composing, and began releasing

Low Countries in The Simpsons

2031 words - 8 pages The perception of a culture from outside is important for it influences the culture itself as well as economic and political decisions: money is spent on the representation of countries abroad. For example, China is present everywhere through the Confucius Institutes, so is Germany with the Goethe Institutes and Spain with the Institutos Cervantes. However, in everyday life, the perception of a country from abroad is closer to a bundle of

The Day in the Life of a Drug Addict

845 words - 3 pages I awoke to the smell of an old house, the lights were off and the house was cold and damp. Doug was nudging me saying 'Wake-up! I got us a wake-up . . . get out of bed!' He was wide awake and holding a sixteenth of cocaine in his hand. My stomach started churring as I got up and ran to the restroom. He had woken me up many days like this but today Doug really had the dope. He enjoyed waking me up and making me think he had some cocaine, but most

Did Russian settlers in Latvia and Estonia form a non-Soviet identity during the Diaspora of the USSR?

1240 words - 5 pages supported Soviet rule and its communist ideologies no longer had a Soviet to support. But it was also the Russians who rallied for independence that were plunged into confusion over their cultural roots and allegiances. Polarisation of the two groups began to increase once again. Indicative of this was the popular fronts' quick segregation of the ethnic Russians from its ranks. In keeping with the strong nationalist party line toed by domestic

Eastern Market: A Popular Destination in the Heart of Capitol Hill

1614 words - 7 pages In the heart of Capitol Hill, you can find a unique public marketplace where residents and tourists can shop, taste a variety of foods, browse different works of art, and even add a unique touch to their wardrobes, all while experiencing some of the friendliest people not only from around the city, but from around the world. Eastern Market has been a popular destination for thousands of people all year long. From a college student, to a visitor

A Comparison and Contrast of Popular Music and Lyrics in the 1950's and Today

804 words - 3 pages Music has been known to express ideas in human emotion; music can be a release from the hectic world. But people in the 50's did not sit back and relax to the sound of "Feel It N*gga" by 50 cent. In fact, the type of songs that 50 cent sings is far from what people in the 50's used to listen to. Even though some elements of music haven't changed such as pace and sentimentality in love songs, many styles of music have evolved into more aggressive

The American Influence in Canadian Popular Culture

2559 words - 10 pages Many people might have a diverse opinion on the extend of the American cultural influence on Canada, but the truth is, these two countries share a long common border, they use frequently the same language, they watch the same movies, listen to the same music and collaborate on other numerous levels, including economic and political activity. In this paper, I would like to show the extent of the influence on Canadian popular culture that comes

Popular Music in the United States: Rap

738 words - 3 pages Popular in the united states, the rhythmic music known as rap can be traced back generations to it’s ethnic origins. Centuries before hip hop music existed, the Tribes of West Africa were delivering stories rhythmically, over drums and sparse instrumentation. Connections between tribal story telling virtuals and rap music have been acknowledged by many modern day "tribes", spoken word artists, mainstream news sources, and academics. In the 21st

Similar Essays

Caffeine The Most Popular Drug In The World

1268 words - 6 pages health. The effects of tea and coffee can have various health benefits, carry out chemical compounds that is in the drink, but too much consumption can create side effects to our body. Caffeine is one of the most popular drug. They are naturally in all coffee beans and tea plants. Everyone in the world consumes caffeine everyday, from coffee to tea drinks. This affects straight to our central nervous system and a diuretic. Caffeine has both its

Why Methamphetamine Is Such A Popular Drug

1712 words - 7 pages Why Methamphetamine? Drugs have been used for both medical and recreational purposes for thousands of years. In this day and age, there are hundred of different drugs with varying cost, side effects, potencies, addiction rates, and popularities. Currently one of the most popular drugs on the market is a central nervous system stimulant called methamphetamine. The drug has many aliases including meth, crystal, krank, ice, ya ba, and tina. Some

The Oddyssey In Popular Culture Essay

623 words - 2 pages      Many forms of popular culture today are inspired by themes, characters, and other references in various types of classical literature. John Denver’s song “Calypso” parallels with a number of the themes in Homer’s the Odyssey. The Odyssey’s themes involving Odysseus’ journey back home and the aid of gods and goddesses directly influence “Calypso.”      The first stanza in Calypso is

The Soviet Union As A Totalitarian Regime

2239 words - 9 pages The domination of political control must be all encompassing and commands authority from the public and private lives of citizens to the functions of social and economic institutions in order to be distinguished as a totalitarian state. Through the study of Juan Linz, Hannah Arendt and other political philosophers, we are able to define the Soviet Union under Stalin’s control as a true totalitarian regime. The simultaneous components of the