When film first started gaining popularity, it want’s as obvious that be connecting two different images, we would assume their relation. Film simply document events that occurred, it wasn’t until the enterprising pioneers of early cinema took hold that they began to manipulate their audience into following a story their way and feeling it in those exact steps. Lev Vladimirovich Kuleshov a Soviet filmmaker and film theorist in the 1920s who taught at and helped establish the world’s first film school, the Moscow Film School. He was one of the very first film theorists and one the great pioneers of early editing regarded amongst worldwide filmmaker and he is famous for what became known as Soviet Montage.
From Kuleshov perspective, the essences of the cinema was editing was the act of placing two things near each other that contrasted each other. To show this principle, he created what we have come to know as today as the Kuleshov Experiment. There is a video of the Kuleshov experiment that is still currently functioning on the media-sharing site YouTube: The experimental video shows a shots of an actor Ivan Mozhukhin, intercut with various meaningful things a bowl of soup, a dead child inside a casket, a woman lying down. So it there was three shots was of an expressionless man looking at the camera, and juxtaposed that with three things mentioned (soup, child, and women). The actor doesn’t see them, they are mostly likely not connected, and quite frankly they could have been shot in separate places for all we know. It is the audience that voluntarily makes the connection, they assume they are directly related in some way in their head whilst consciously watching, the audience tries to create meaning by combining the two images and in thinking they change their perspective, the audience thinks starvation or hunger, death, and love whilst seeing the intercut between the actor and the images. Audiences conclude the man’s motivation purely on that shot that followed; he was “looking” at the dead child in casket, so he must be deeply sad and when he was “looking” at the women it could have meant lust or love. This is order to show how editing changes viewer’s interpretations of images and how film uses psychology. Kulsehov experimented with this and achieved the Kulsehov theory. This technique is known as juxtaposition, one the most effective tools on cinema just by juxtaposing a variety of concepts one can get a funny joke across, or complete lie across the audience.
Kuleshov coined the term collective geography to describe cinema ability to link entirely unrelated material into coherent sequences. This discovery provided filmmakers with arms of varies techniques to manipulate the audience but in this they also recognized the audience has an active in creating meaning. Kuleshov was not just concerned with editing; he believed that the key to effective filmmaking was in organization.
In addition to his theoretical work, Kulsehov was also a...