This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Kurdish Genocide Essay

667 words - 3 pages

There are many ideas of what genocide is, but, according to Webster’s Dictionary, the official definition of genocide is “The deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group”. However, the more realistic and practical definition is “The unnecessary and unjustified killings of tens of thousands of innocent people all because of hate”. This was most defiantly the case in the Kurdish Genocide, which took place between 1986 and 1989. The result of this mass murdering left thousands of people without loved ones, and even more wondering why it had to happen.
The cause of this genocide is the Ba’athist extremists hating the Kurdish people, and miss interrupting what the Qur’an says. The Kurdish Genocide, which is also referred to as the al-Anfal Campaign was headed by Ali Hassan al-Majidgn, and led by the Ba'athist Iraqi President Saddam Hussein The Anfal campaign, which lasted between 1986 and 1989, took the lives of ...view middle of the document...

These areas were controlled by the Kurdish Democratic Party, and were considered less of a threat than others. This stage happened in late August and early September, 1988. During this stage of assault, the Iraqis used upwards of 200,000 soldiers with air support. They were matched against Kurdish guerrilla forces that numbered no more than a few thousand.
The first attack was on March 16, 1988, where poison gas was used on the city of Halabja to kill four to five thousand Kurdish people, with a large majority of them being women and children. Thousands of Kurdish civilians were captured and taken to overpopulated detention centers. The most well-known was Topzawa, near the city of Kirkuk. Once there, men and boys, who were considered battle age, were separated from the rest of the civilians. After being kept in the camps for a couple of days, the males who were consider to be of battle age, were taken away and killed in mass murders.
The aftermath of these mass murders is mind boggling. Several sources have stated that as many as 182,000 or even more people were killed in the Anfal Campaign. This genocide wasn’t targeting all of the Kurdish people. The main targets were men. During the Anfal Campaign, men and boys, between the ages of 15 and 50, which was considered battle age, were rounded up and they started disappearing by the thousands. A majority of the men and boys who were captured were taken to graves and shot in mass executions. It is estimated that 70% of the victims of the Anfal Campaign were male. There were also thousands of women and young children that disappeared as well. Many of the civilians that were taken to internment camps were executed, or they died because of starvation. During the Anfal, 90% of Kurdish villages and over 20 towns and cities were destroyed.
What happened to the Kurdish people in Iraq was absolutely terrible, and horrifying. Thousands of men, women, and children were taken from their families, and killed, all because the government hated their beliefs. This genocide is the textbook example of the unnecessary and unjustified killings of tens of thousands of innocent people all because of hate. Something this appalling should never happen again, and be avoided, and stopped at all possible costs.

Find Another Essay On Kurdish Genocide

The Growing Kurdish Problem Essay

3673 words - 15 pages Kurds are not stuck to solely the PKK and KDP within the nation state, as they do have other political parties that either support the Kurds in their strife for rights, or are represented by Kurdish leadership. The Peace and Democracy Party, or BDP, is a political party represented by the Kurds. In addition to their belief and stance in favor of the rights of Kurdish citizens, they are focused on the overall equality of the country. This is


1346 words - 6 pages are some concepts that anti-westernism and anti-American tendencies has been intesified in Turkey. The core of those idea coming from the one of the Sevres Syndrome of Turkey is that Armenian Genocide. Anti-American tendency coming from activities of the US, especially military activities the USA started in Iraq, and neutralization of Turkey in them, non-constructive attitude over the Kurdish armed men in the territory of Turkey. Another one is

Treatment of Minorities in Turkey

1650 words - 7 pages for a separate Kurdish state.?[ix]? Working against years of oppression and hate, government officials are finally legally creating opportunities to enable Kurds to experience full Turkish citizenship. Armenian Genocide Turkish Armenians have endured a similar history of oppression.? The International Federation for Human Rights (IFHR) has recently expressed concern over Turkey?s treatment of minorities, particularly its treatment of

Was an act of genocide committed against the Armenia people during 1915-1916?

1039 words - 5 pages Following the decline of the Ottoman Empire, the Turkish nationalist reform party known as the ‘Young Turks’ carried out the deportation and massacres of the Armenians living in Turkey between 1915-1916,The UN as defines genocide as “acts carried out intended to destroy, in whole or part, a national ethnic, racial or religious group” ("Q&A: Armenian Genocide Dispute."). Though it is agreed that the killings took place, the number of deceased

Kurds - A People Without a State

1889 words - 8 pages Kurds - A People Without a State Introduction Of all the ethnic groups in the world, the Kurds are one of the largest that has no state to call their own. According to historian William Westermann, "The Kurds can present a better claim to race purity...than any people which now inhabits Europe." (Bonner, p. 63, 1992) Over the past hundred years, the desire for an independent Kurdish state has created conflicts mainly with the

Conflict between Kurds and Turkish Forces

2427 words - 10 pages Conflict between Kurds and Turkish Forces "I would not wish on anyone what I went through that day." This is what a Kurdish man said in a Turkish courtroom in October 2003. This was the common testimony among many Kurds that took the stand on a trail against Turkish forces. Hundreds of thousands of Kurds were displaced from their homes and then the villages were burned by the

The Armenian Genocide

2547 words - 10 pages majority of the victims. But, if nationalism was a driving force behind the genocide then why were there not more Kurdish, Greek, and Assyrians deaths ? Well, the Greeks unlike the Armenians they already had a homeland. A homeland that gained independence form the Ottomans circa 1830 that still had a bone to pick with the Ottomans if you will. The Greeks wanted the Mediterranean Coast of Asia Minor so they would more than likely invade Asia

Kurdistan: Federalism Within Iraq Or Independence?

2393 words - 10 pages stability over democracy has led directly to the inability of states to govern adequately. Thus, in order to prevent all nations from desiring statehood, a liberal approach, emphasizing democracy and power-sharing must be established.A premiere example of the relationship between national aspirations and failed states is the situation of the Kurdish people in Iraq. Once a province of the Ottoman Empire, colonial powers France and Britain created

Why did the Armenian Genocide Happen?

1814 words - 8 pages During the early stages of World War I, members of the Armenian race began to deal with racial prejudice from the Turks that soon resulted in a genocide. The term genocide refers to the deliberate destruction of a nationality or an ethnic group. Part of the Ottoman Empire in 1915, Turkey made goals to remove the ethnic Armenians prominent, and initiative was taken to eliminate the enemies forever. Between the years of 1915 and 1923, the

armenian genocide

708 words - 3 pages Ottoman Empire, was promoting nationalistic feelings and animosity towards the Armenians among neighboring Kurdish tribemen, in hopes of suppressing the revolutionaries. The persecution that resulted, along with an escalation in taxes, gave the Armenians two solid reasons for a revolt. In 1894, Armenians in Sasum fought back by refusing to pay the required taxes. Their revolt was not successful- Armenian villages were burned and thousands of

The war in Iraq

607 words - 2 pages 1998 Saddam was guilty of committing genocide to the Kurdish citizens, which inhabit northern Iraq. Murder, arms dealing, extortion, and, other crimes by village guards were part of daily life in Kurdistan. A total of 3,687 guards presently face charges for such offenses. There were 108 cases of Extortion, 196 murders, 16 cases of aggravated assault, 208 cases of arms smuggling, 57 kidnappings and there were 13 rapes! Most, if not all of these

Similar Essays

The Kurdish Genocide In Iraq Essay

1938 words - 8 pages "Never Again??" The Kurdish Genocide in IraqAfter the Holocaust occurred in Europe during the 1940s, the world promised that they would never again allow a case of genocide to go unnoticed for so long. Despite this firm statement, the Kurdish genocide in Iraq is an example of one of the four major genocides that took place during the second half of the twentieth century. The Kurdish genocide occurred in Iraq from 1987 to 1989. During this time

How The Holocaust Compares To One Other Form Of Modern Genocide (Kurdish Genocide)

1493 words - 6 pages Suhayl Kassam 9T YEAR NINE END OF UNIT ASSESSMENTTHE HOLOCAUST: STUDIES OF SUFFERINGFEBRUARY 2009I decided to choose the genocide in Northern Iraq from 1986 to 1989. This genocide was mainly against the Kurdish population, and it was led by Saddam Hussein (the president at the time) and his cousin Ali Hassan al-Majid. It is called the al-Anfal campaign, after the eighth chapter of the Quran which talks about the first major battle of Islam, at

History Of Turkish Occupation Of Northern Kurdistan

3727 words - 15 pages obliterating the essenceof the Kurdish within the boundaries of newly formed Turkey. Kemal abolishedall of the, ' Kurdish schools, associations, publications, religiousfraternities, and medressehs (McDowell).' The Kurdish nation represented such athreat to the territorial integrity of Turkey that all people and names ofplaces were forcibly Turkicized by the government. This was to became referredto as ethnic cleansing or genocide. Old archeological

The Abnormal Behavior Of Genocide Essay

1497 words - 6 pages of genocide, those who have been persecuted may even become the instigators themselves. For example, the Kurdish people of Turkey were systematically repressed and denied fundamental human rights within the Turkish nation, such as the right to a Kurdish-language education, and the region they occupied was constantly deprived by the state of investments and economic aid. Hence, Abdullah Ocalan, a Turkish Kurd, decided to establish a Kurdish