There are many ideas of what genocide is, but, according to Webster’s Dictionary, the official definition of genocide is “The deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group”. However, the more realistic and practical definition is “The unnecessary and unjustified killings of tens of thousands of innocent people all because of hate”. This was most defiantly the case in the Kurdish Genocide, which took place between 1986 and 1989. The result of this mass murdering left thousands of people without loved ones, and even more wondering why it had to happen.
The cause of this genocide is the Ba’athist extremists hating the Kurdish people, and miss interrupting what the Qur’an says. The Kurdish Genocide, which is also referred to as the al-Anfal Campaign was headed by Ali Hassan al-Majidgn, and led by the Ba'athist Iraqi President Saddam Hussein The Anfal campaign, which lasted between 1986 and 1989, took the lives of ...view middle of the document...
These areas were controlled by the Kurdish Democratic Party, and were considered less of a threat than others. This stage happened in late August and early September, 1988. During this stage of assault, the Iraqis used upwards of 200,000 soldiers with air support. They were matched against Kurdish guerrilla forces that numbered no more than a few thousand.
The first attack was on March 16, 1988, where poison gas was used on the city of Halabja to kill four to five thousand Kurdish people, with a large majority of them being women and children. Thousands of Kurdish civilians were captured and taken to overpopulated detention centers. The most well-known was Topzawa, near the city of Kirkuk. Once there, men and boys, who were considered battle age, were separated from the rest of the civilians. After being kept in the camps for a couple of days, the males who were consider to be of battle age, were taken away and killed in mass murders.
The aftermath of these mass murders is mind boggling. Several sources have stated that as many as 182,000 or even more people were killed in the Anfal Campaign. This genocide wasn’t targeting all of the Kurdish people. The main targets were men. During the Anfal Campaign, men and boys, between the ages of 15 and 50, which was considered battle age, were rounded up and they started disappearing by the thousands. A majority of the men and boys who were captured were taken to graves and shot in mass executions. It is estimated that 70% of the victims of the Anfal Campaign were male. There were also thousands of women and young children that disappeared as well. Many of the civilians that were taken to internment camps were executed, or they died because of starvation. During the Anfal, 90% of Kurdish villages and over 20 towns and cities were destroyed.
What happened to the Kurdish people in Iraq was absolutely terrible, and horrifying. Thousands of men, women, and children were taken from their families, and killed, all because the government hated their beliefs. This genocide is the textbook example of the unnecessary and unjustified killings of tens of thousands of innocent people all because of hate. Something this appalling should never happen again, and be avoided, and stopped at all possible costs.