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Kurt Fiedrich Godel: Mathematicians, Logician And Philosopher

1089 words - 5 pages

Kurt Gödel (1906-1978)
By
Harshavardhan, Masannagari
T01139735
Introduction
Kurt Friedrich Gödel was an Austrian born, and later he was an American. He is a mathematician, logician, and philosopher. He established the modern, mathematical era in mathematical logic. He is one of the most significant logicians in the history. Kurt made an immense impact on philosophical and scientific thinking during 20th century, a time where other guys like as Russell, David Hilbert, and A.N. Whitehead were pioneering the use of logic to understand the mathematics foundations. His Incompleteness theorems, made the most significant impact on mathematical logic. He published his two incompleteness theorems during the age of 25, in 1931, one year after he done his doctorate at the University of Vienna.
Early Life
Kurt Gödel was born in the year 1906, in Brunn, Austria-Hungary to the ethnic German family. His father name is Rudolf Gödel whose family were from Vienna. His father is the manager of the textile industry, and Marianne Handschuh was his wife. His parents speaks German language and this language is the mother language for him. During his parent’s marriage, his father was Catholic and the mother was Protestant. So, their parents’ marriage was confession ally mixed. Kurt was very devoted to his mother and used to dependent on his mother and seemed rather troubled and timid when his mother was not in his home. Rudolf and Handschuh has two children, the elder one is Rudolf named after his father, and the younger one is Kurt. He used to get rheumatic fever when he was seven years of old. Nevertheless, he used to read medical books about the illness which he had
suffered from. Kurt father passed away in 1929 and the Kurt mother purchased a flat in Vienna, Kurt and his bother live in it with her.
Kurt became the citizen of Czechoslovak at the age of 12 during the end of World War 1. Kurt believed himself always Austrian and deport in Czechoslovak. He desired to become the citizen of Austria at the age 23. In 1938, Kurt became the citizen of Germany at age 32. Finally, he became the citizen of America at the age 42 after World War 2. In 1938, he engaged to Adele, whom he had known for 12 years.
Education
During 1912 to 1916, he attended Evangelische Volksshule, a Luther School in Brunn. He shown excelling interest in all his subjects, especially in mathematics, religion and languages. Later he shifted his interest completely to mathematics during 1920s.
He joined in the University of Vienna in 1923 still without a full decision whether to specialize in physics or mathematics. The lecturer named Furtwangler, who made most impact on Kurt and due to his influence he decide to pick mathematics as his primary subject. During Undergraduate, he took part in seminar run by Schlick which studied book ‘Introduction to mathematical philosophy’.
Kurt finished his doctoral dissertation, in it he founded the completeness of the first order predicate calculus, referred as Gödel’s...

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