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Kyoto Protocol Essay

2444 words - 10 pages

IntroductionThe Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty where countries agree to diminish the quantity of greenhouse gases they emit if their neighbors do likewise. It is an extremely complex agreement that allows trading pollution credit. No region of the earth will be unaffected if Global Warming continues to grow. Many people just stand motionless as the wave of weather change becomes more evident. It is absolutely obligatory that the nations of the world work multilaterally to not only deal with the dilemma of Global Warming, but also resolve and decipher the catastrophe that it withholds.The IPCC forecasts that during the next century, the average pace of warming will be greater than anything seen in the last 10,000 years. Global sea levels would rise by at least 15 and perhaps as much as 95 centimeters. Surface temperatures could augment by between 1.0 and 3.5 degrees Celsius. With weather change, there will be an even greater complexity with water resources in every branch of the world. Nineteen countries are under strain for insufficiency of water. This figure is expected to double by the year 2025 even if the weather does not change.The present rate of extinction for animals, birds and plants is already between 50 to 100 times than the natural one. If the current rate of deforestation in the tropics continues, this would go up, potentially, to 1,000 to 10,000 times the natural extinction rate in the next 30 years. If global warming occurs, every thing and everyone will be affected in some way. An increase of just 0.2% in the solar output could have the same affect as doubling the carbon dioxide (CO2) in the Earth's atmosphere.Most places will become warmer which will cause changes in the amount and pattern of rain. Everything in the natural atmosphere will all be affected. If a blanket of air did not surround the Earth, it would be much too freezing for human habitation. Earth's atmosphere acts as a shield. Small amounts of CO2 and other gases in the atmosphere help to retain heat in a vital process known as the greenhouse effect. Sunlight passes through the atmosphere and strikes the Earth, some of the light is reflected back and some of the light is absorbed. The absorbed light warms the surface of the Earth. The heated surface then radiates infrared light into the atmosphere, where little amounts of CO2 keep the radiation from escaping.It is believed that as we continue to blaze large amounts of fossil fuels, and deplete our forests, the greenhouse effect will result in Global Warming. Scientists warn that the Earth's average surface temperature could amplify by five degrees Celsius over the next century. A warming trend of only a few degrees could cause a melting of the polar ice caps, resulting in greater than before ocean levels and flooding of coastal cities.Major Contents of Kyoto AgreementThe Kyoto Treaty was a plan created by the Japanese as the last and the best chance to save the world from the time bomb of global warming....

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