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La Cultura Cubana Essay

1735 words - 7 pages

La Cultura Cubana

Yo sueno con los ojos
abiertos, y de dia
y noche siempre sueno
y sobre las espumas
del ancho mar revuelto
y por entre las crespas
arenas del desierto...
~Jose Marti

The media has always been one of the most important ways that human beings communicate. It is a form of personal and political expression that reveals important and intimate information about a culture. In the case of Cuba, where society is influenced by many peoples, and political alignments are in constant reform, culture is very rich. By examining the information presented in the media and the public's reaction to it, the heart of a nation is revealed and the world is brought closer together through television, newspapers and radio.

In Cuba, the mass media “are an essential channel for mass mobilization and control, management of domestic conflict, and the maintenance of the Cuban revolutionary process” (Nichols, 71). The media is a force often employed by the revolutionary government; the New York Times described it as the “government of television”(71). However, it is not a government of exclusively television communications: radio and print media reach virtually the entire population and television reaches most (Nichols, 72). All television and radio stations are controlled by one central government agency, the ICRT. There are more than one hundred newspapers and magazines published independently by separate government run organizations: “it would not be and exaggeration to say that most organizations have their own publication” (Luis, 66). Regardless of which agency is in control, all media in Cuba in controlled by the government (Nichols, 75). This has an enormous effect on its content, and therefore reveals a great deal of information about life in Cuba.

Prior to the revolution, there were more than fifty newspapers in existence on the island. Most of these were controlled (at least financially) by the Batista regime (Luis, 63). After the revolution, only a handful of newspapers, such as Alerta and Presna Libre, remained to be absorbed by the new government (63). The main newspaper, Revolución , originally developed as the clandestine publication of revolutionaries, informing the public of the coming uprising. Today it is as government sanctioned and official as possible. Based on the Marxists publication, Pravda, Revolución follows a communist ideology (Nichols, 77). The paper offers no claim of objective journalism or independence. There is very little emphasis on current events or individual achievements, but rather on social processes (77). It is commonly recognized as a tool of the government to “transmit, explain, and interpret the important actions of the government to the mass population” (77). It is also used as a way for the population to report back to the government through mediums such...

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