Lab Report Coefficient Of Linear Expansion Of A Metal

1061 words - 4 pages

Lab Report Coefficient of Linear Expansion of a Metal

Introduction
Most solid materials expand upon heating and contract when cooled because it undergoes a change in the energy state of its molecules or atoms. According to the atomic perspective, the average vibrational amplitude of an atom increases as the temperature rises. Each material has a property called ¡§coefficient of linear expansion¡¨ that is indicative of the extent to which a material expands upon heating or contracts when cooling. The coefficient of expansion is re very important to all structures and foundation of buildings to avoid the possibility of collapsing.

Objective
The objective of this experiment is to calculate the coefficient of linear expansion of a metal. The change in length of several materials such as glass, brass, copper, stainless steel and aluminum will be determined and the corresponding coefficient of linear expansion would be calculated.

GROUP #5
Metal
(pyrex)Glass Brass Copper Steel Aluminum
Data T1=27¢XC
T2=95¢XC
L1=0.6m T1=27¢XC
T2=98¢XC
L1=0.6m T1=27¢XC
T2=98¢XC
L1=0.6m T1=27¢XC
T2=98¢XC
L1=0.6m T1=27¢XC
T2=98¢XC
L1=0.6m
t(s) ƒ´L(0.01mm) T (¢XC) ƒ´L(0.01mm) T (¢XC) ƒ´L(0.01mm) T (¢XC) ƒ´L(0.01mm) T(¢XC) ƒ´L(0.01mm) T (¢XC)
10 5 27 10 27 5 27 30 40 19 27
20 9 30 20 30 15 27 40 49 33 27
30 11 45 30 35 28 27 52 68 53 30
40 14 59 45 58 41 38 64 80 71 55
50 15 63 55 77 53 62 71 85 90 72
60 15 69 68 83 66 78 73 88 104 81
70 15 78 83 88 76 84 74 90 106 86
80 15 81 86 90 79 88 74 91 107 88
90 16 83 87 91 79 90 74 92 107 90
100 16 84 87 93 79 91 74 93 108 91
110 16 86 87 93 79 92 74 94 108 93
120 16 88 87 93 79 93 74
95 108 93
130 16 89 87 93 79 94 74 95 109 94
140 16 90 87 93 79 94 74 95 109 94
150 16 90 87 93 79 95 74 95 109 95
160 16 91 87 93 79 95 74 95 109 95
170 16 91 87 93 79 95 74 95 109 95
180 16 91 87 94 79 96 74 96 109 96
190 16 92 87 94 79 96 74 96 109 96
200 16 92 87 94 79 96 74 96 109 96
210 16 92 87 94 79 96 74 96 109 96
220 16 93 87 94 79 96 74 97 109 97
230 16 93 87 94 79 97 74 97 109 97
240 15 93 87 94 79 97 74 97 109 97
250 15 93 88 95 79 97 74 97 109 97
260 15 94 88 95 79 97 74 97 109 97
270 15 94 88 95 79 97 74 98 109 97
280 15 94 88 95 79 98 74 98 109 98
290 15 94 88 95 79 98 74 98 109 98
300 15 95 88 98 79 98 74 98 109 98

GROUP #5
Results
The results were calculated by the following equation 1:
ƒ´L = ƒÑ L1 ( T2 ¡V T1)
where ƒ´L = the change in length
L1 = the original length
T2 = the final temperature
T1 = the initial temperature
Ą = the coefficient of linear expansion of the material
The following equation 2 was changed by equation 1, which was used to calculate the Ą
Ą = īL .
L1 ( T2 ¡V T1)

The coefficient of linear expansion (Ą) of five metals were calculated by equation 2. The accepted value of five metals in the text book (pg. 646) was shown in the following:
Metal ƒÑ [ (¢XC)-1 x 10-6
(Pyrex) glass 3.3
...

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