This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Labeling Theory And Its Effectiveness On Youth Crime And Anti Social Behavior

989 words - 4 pages

Summarise labelling theory and then consider its effectiveness in considering youth crime and anti-social behaviour in contemporary British society

Labelling theory is the theory of how applying a label to an individual influences their lifestyle, and how the social reaction to this label influences the individual.

"...social groups create deviance by making rules whose infraction creates deviance, and by applying those roles to particular people and labelling them as outsiders. From this point of view, deviance is not a quality of the act the person commits, but rather a consequence of the application by other of rules and sanctions to an 'offender.' The deviant is one to whom that label has been successfully applied; deviant behaviour is behaviour that people so label." Becker (1963)

Becker theorised that the term 'deviant' is applied when an actor (individual) violates the mores and values created by society. The label deviant is usually applied by a figure of authority or high social status, and provokes a negative social reaction. The same reaction that can be associated to an act of law breaking. Society struggles to differentiate between 'crime' and 'deviance',The two words are sometimes used interchangeably. Crime is an act that breaks 'criminal law'; resulting in formal punishment, whereas deviance is simply an act that is perceived as 'wrong'.
The issue of social power cannot be divorced from a definition of deviance, some groups in society can criminalize the actions of another group by using their influence on legislators. A Marxist would say that the laws are decided by the state, which represents the ruling class. It could be said that the ruling class set the definition of devience in order to maintain power, cooerse and control the underclasses.
Becker describes labelling in stages
An act is labelled as deviant
actor is caught doing act
label is then applied
self concept internalised
social reaction enforces label – deviant treated as outcast

"To put a complex argument in a few words: instead of the deviant motives leading to the deviant behavior, it is the other way around, the deviant behavior in time produces the deviant motivation."
Becker (1963:26)
Becker was influenced heavily by the work of Edwin Lemert (1951), who summerised that deviance was created as a product of interaction between individuals and the reactions of society to them, this concept is known as Social action theory and was developed by Max Weber (1864-1920) and is also reffered to as symbolic interactionalism. Social action theory is the study of individuals and how their actions and interpretations influence society. Weber's theory is a micro approach and highlights the importance of family, economy and social status and how this influences the way we interperate actions of others. An Interpretivist perspective would suggest that there is no such thing as objective truth. This view is a consequence of their ontological and epistemological position....

Find Another Essay On Labeling Theory and Its Effectiveness on Youth Crime and Anti-Social Behavior

Alcohol and its Effects on Social Behavior

1132 words - 5 pages Alcohol and its Effects on Social Behavior The characters in Ernest Hemingway’s novel, The Garden of Eden, exhibit an interesting social behavior throughout the story in their frequent consumption of various types of alcoholic beverages. The character David Bourne especially seems to have one or two drinks often before ordering food when out at the French café near their hotel, regardless of the present time of day. The behavior of these

Deviant Crime Associations to Schizophrenia and Anti-Social Behaviors

2223 words - 9 pages fields are enhanced from the input of critical data from advancing fields of psychology and the study of the brain. Criminology is only part of anti-social behavior which may include the causes, nature and control of such criminal behavior. Criminology focuses on criminals, while psychology is applied to understand the mind behind the criminal. Criminology deals with research into the cause, form and consequences of a crime

Youth And Crime

1589 words - 7 pages differentiate girls and women lives from boys and men (Katz, 2000). The concerns of the criminal justice system should be to rehabilitate the youth on a structural level. It needs to specifically focus on what caused them to offend and how to counsel them without locking them up. The lock up prison system does not deal with the pathways that brought them into the system. If the system took a more personal approach to young female offenders, they

Sexual Offender Laws and the Labeling Theory

1812 words - 7 pages on social and institutional responses to an individual. The book PERVERTS and PREDATORS: The Making of Sexual Offending Laws talks about the emerging of Perverts and Predators, and which types of people society labels “Pervert and Predators.” This essay will discuss the many different types of sex offenses that are considering a crime. It will then talk about some of the historical sexual offenders laws that have shaped society as a whole. It

ADHD and its Effects on Depressive Behavior

1789 words - 8 pages been working with a large data set of MRI scans of children diagnosed with ADHD to create an efficiant biological diognostic tool. A diagnostic tool based on five different factors in the brain which are predominant in ADHD patients would also help improve the understanding, prevention and treatment of ADHD. Because the behavior of ADHD patients interfears with every aspect of daily life, from personal relationships to education, this is the

Psychodynamic Theory and Crime

1453 words - 6 pages for the causes of later criminal behavior. Take into account how a child can develop one of the three distinct superegos, depending on two factors: when something happens that is not suppose to happen, or when something that is suppose to happen doesn’t happen. These are in the broadest sense the two types of trauma. One of the cases a weak superego, that is an ego that acts in a way to gratify their id, regardless of moral beliefs and social

Crime Theories: Strain Theory, Social Bond Theory, and Differential-Association Theory

1124 words - 4 pages ). Another element of the individual’s ties to society is commitment which is the amount of time or energy the individual has invested into a legitimate action such as school or work. The risk posed by a deviant behavior on that legitimate action may be too high to make it work pursuing. The third element within the social bond theory is involvement which reflects the risk to conformist activities that the individual has invested time and energy such

Punishment for a crime has the purpose of deterring future criminality. Death as a penalty, has been given to serious criminals without solid evidence of its effectiveness to deter serious offenses

2156 words - 9 pages Lee PAGE 2 Sang Won LeeDr SiskDeath Penalty: Unconstitutional, but Legalized MurderPunishment for a crime has the purpose of deterring future criminality. Death as a penalty, has been given to serious criminals without solid evidence of its effectiveness to deter serious offenses. Actually, the crime rate is decreasing in Europe where the death penalty is not imposed, in the United States, on the other hand, where the death penalty is imposed

media on pro and anti-social behaviours - Assignment - Essay

2988 words - 12 pages crime causes difficulties from both medical and legal perspectives (Porter and Starcevic 2007). Observational learning can also explain the influence of video games on anti-social behaviour. Gamers could imitate the behaviour they see in video games. In Bandura’s study children watched adults attack a Bobo doll in various ways, even though there was no justifying reason (Bandura, Ross and Ross 1963). This suggests that children learn violent

Youth Counterculture and Its Effects

1120 words - 5 pages quite a success on the air, considering that it was perhaps the first of its kind. In addition, Ashby calls attention to this and mentions that the show, “demonstrated the commercial viability of black sitcoms on mainstream television, paving the way for several other series in the 1970s…” (409). Like the film writers and musicians that came before him, he was able to capture the social issues America had been facing and put them into a form of

Social Media and its impact on Society

1017 words - 5 pages concept, it can be argued that it has a negative impact on society. Extensive usage of social media can cause addiction, affecting productivity, and also reduce the level of human interaction, which in turn leads to isolation. Social media is correlated to many of the issues that revolve feminism and mental illness through anthropology, sociology and psychology. Social media was created with the purpose of aiding the general population to

Similar Essays

The Labeling Theory And Its Effect On Devience

692 words - 3 pages According to labeling theory, deviance is a product of a societal reaction to behaviour. A label is created as a reaction to an isolated incident by agents of social control. The recipient then internalizes the label and absorbs it into their self identity. Once they identify with the label, the individual will act in ways that fulfill the label. The focus of labeling theory is on the process of how the label leads to further delinquent

Labeling Theory And Its Media I Nfluences

1120 words - 5 pages Labelling theory is how an individual’s behaviour and self-identity maybe determined or influenced by the labels used to classify them. The concepts of the self-fulfilling prophecy and stereotyping can be associated with this theory. This theory focuses on the tendency to label negatively, minority groups or those that are perceived as deviant from cultural norms. Developed in the 1950s and 1960s by sociologists, with Howard Beckers book in

A Comparison Of Conflict And Labeling Theory In The Context Of Youth Gangs

1911 words - 8 pages Sotelo 2004; Sims 1997; Wiley et al. 2013; Yoder et al. 2003). This paper will examine the factors associated with youth gang membership using Karl Marx's conflict theory and labeling theory in comparison. Although conflict theory helps explain why a troublesome economy and coming from a low-socioeconomic status contributes to gang involvement, the theory has its limitations. On the other hand, labeling theory is unable to fully explain youth

Learning Styles Theory Of Multiple Intelligences And Its Effectiveness In The Classroom

788 words - 4 pages counteracting opposing views of its effectiveness in the classroom. A Harvard psychologist, Howard Gardner is the founder, and creator of the MI theory. According to Armstrong (2009), Gardner’s main concern was those students who didn’t measure up in the standardized evaluations of the intelligence test done, objectively measured and then reduced to one number (pg. 5). Gardner was quoted stating: “It is of the utmost importance that we recognize and