Labor Relations PaperHuman Resources ManagementJanuary 9, 2009Labor Relations Paper
Unions may reduce a business's flexibility and economic performance, which are a proposition collected from the agreement of other previous propositions, from the suffering of other individuals who were endured in the past. It took time before unions were develop and as people started working for unions in different types of companies, competent in protecting their rights and that their employers would not treat them maliciously or unjustly. Although the right to collective bargaining took nearly 200 years in the United States, collective bargaining rights are held in nearly every country today (Kearney, 2007).
Collective bargaining is a part of the negotiation process's that will have a result of a contract that will cover all employee conditions. The most common employment conditions covered in the contract include compensation, hours, and working conditions. But the contract can include any issue that both sides agree upon. In today's society, job security is a major bargaining issue for unions.
Every contract is the products of negotiations among employees and managers. Contracts are generally writing presented in legal, uninteresting stipulations although they are extremely vital for securing the rights of workers in the workplace, should one chose to negotiate a contract at all. Contracts symbolize the least amount of benefits and compensation for workers, in accordance with labor law (Kearney, 2007). An employer can propose benefits and rights that - the least standards set in an existing contract. All employees in organizations must know the terms of their contract, because managers frequently will try to go against contracts. For this reason, employees choose shop stewards and negotiate grievance procedures. If the employee does not stand up for his rights, the employer can succeed in undermining the contracts.
A strike is a collective choice of the members of the union not to work awaiting certain demands or conditions are met. The union member vote, and if the majority favors a strike, all union members go on strike at that time or when union leaders believe the time is right. Strikes are normally accompanied by picketing - the union places members close to the workplace with signs representing the union is on strike (Kearney, 2007). Union members do not receive pay from their employer during the strike, but the union might be capable to make up for some of the lost pay. If the employer cannot hire substitute employees during the strike, the employer loses production.
To avoid a strike or lockout (refusing to let employees work) and to handle grievances by either side, collective bargainers sometimes agree to use neutral third parties, called mediators, from the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service. A mediator is someone will be neutral parties that will help...