Women's Right to Vote Essay

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The late American activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton once said, “The prolonged slavery of women is the darkest page in human history”. Years after Elizabeth played her role in the women’s suffrage movement, her relentless efforts finally paid off. The Nineteenth Amendment, which gave women the right to vote, was passed by Congress on June 4 1919 and at last ratified on August 18 1920. The Nineteenth Amendment goes on to say that, “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex”. An almost century long struggle had officially ended, and women had ultimately achieved equality with men.
The battle for women’s right to vote started way before it was officially recognized. In fact, most of the women coined for starting the movement did not live to see the movement’s final victory. Women like Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B Anthony, and Lucretia Mott amongst numerous others, paved the way for the display of gender equality we see today. The women’s suffrage movement was said to have begun on July 19 1848 at the First Women’s Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York. An estimated amount of three hundred people attended the convention held at the Wesleyan Chapel. Here the women discussed the disadvantages women faced in life due to sex discrimination and introduced the “Declaration of Sentiments”. Resembling the Declaration of Independence it declared, “We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”. This convention was a breakthrough in the movement with activist like Fredrick Douglas speaking on their behalf. Women were more than ready to be heard and no longer wanted to be reduced to the traditional roles of being a woman. The National Women Suffrage Association was formed by Stanton and Anthony in 1869 and the American Women Suffrage Association formed by other activists like Lucy Stone soon followed. Although
For the same reason, other woman suffrage activists soon followed suit in the years succeeding Anthony’s case versus the United States. Virginia Minor, an officer for the National Woman Suffrage Association was prevented from voting in the state of Missouri during the 1872 presidential election on October 15. The district ward registrar Reese Happersett of St. Louis chose to deny Minor the right to vote based on gender. As a result, Virginia Minor and husband Frances Minor decided to file a civil suit against Happersett. Minor’s husband, a Princeton University and University of Virginia graduate, was one of the few lawyers on the case. The plaintiff argued that women were given the right to vote under section one of the fourteenth amendment that...

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