Women During Colonial Brazil Essay

1187 words - 5 pages

3.6As várias formas de abuso da escrava negraVários autores colocam que o abuso da escrava negra na colônia era muito comum. A partir do ponto em que não havia uma união cultural nem linguística entre os escravos, a formação de grupos que se mostravam solidários para com elas era quase inexistente. Os homens tinham a punição do trabalho pesado e dos castigos corporais; já as mulheres, além desses, também sofriam com a incumbência de satisfazer o colono. Segundo Caio Prado júnior, a vida social na colônia se fundamenta em basicamente dois aspectos primários do instinto humano: o econômico, nos trabalhos forçados, e o sexual, por meio das relações familiares. Independente de sua posição social, qualquer homem que fosse 'dono' de uma escrava poderia vir a usufruir dela sexualmente se assim lhe fosse conveniente. De nada adiantava que a mulher recusasse, pois, uma vez que ele era seu senhor, ao menos que ela recorresse à coroa não receberia auxílio.Um número muito menor de negras chegou a vir para o Brasil, se comparado aos homens, por serem consideradas menos produtivas. Entretanto realizavam os mesmos trabalhos pesados, e, além disso, ainda arcavam com os trabalhos na casa grande e cuidar de seus companheiros de senzala e filhos. Uma vez sendo menor número, o abuso por parte dos colonos não era somente pelo mero prazer, mas, também, por representar um 'bom investimento' por parte do mesmo. Seus filhos, ilegítimos, eram usados nas necessidades da colônia, e a seleção para as escravas que seriam trazidas para a casa grande eram feitas a olhos grossos - mais uma vez, não somente pelo trabalho, mas pelo bel prazer do senhor.Estupros de escravas negras ou índias eram raramente registrados juridicamente na colônia, e, no entanto não é difícil discernir a realidade do que se queria passar; as escravas eram certamente obrigadas a tal ato, uma vez que, nas palavras de Freyre, "a escrava não era submetida ao desejo do sinhô, mas à sua ordem". O resultado disso foi a proliferação rápida de doenças venéreas, não só entre brancos e negros, mas entre os negros em si também. Freyre ainda nos relata que jovens de doze e treze anos também não escapavam da "prostituição doméstica, sempre menos higiênica do que a dos bordéis", e que, por conta do ciúme das senhoras, acabavam sempre nos trabalhos braçais junto aos homens.O autor cita Joaquim Nabuco para nos afirmar que o estupro, mais uma vez, servia para o aumento do número de mulatos e, por conseguinte, do número de escravos nas mãos dos senhores; fazendo assim, logo em...

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