Women's Roles In The Military Essay

1280 words - 5 pages

Women's Roles in the Military

Before World War I, women assisted the military during wartime mainly as nurses and helpers. Some women, however, did become involved in battles. Molly Pitcher, a Revolutionary War water carrier, singlehandedly kept a cannon in action after a artillery crew had been disabled. During the
Revolutionary and the Civil War, a few women disguised themselves as men and took part in hand-to-hand combat. The first enlisted women served in World War I as telephone and radio operators, translators, and clerks. But it was not until World War II that women became part of the regular military. Each service had its own women's corps commanded by female officers. The first of these units, the Women's Army Corps (WACs), enlisted 400,000 women during the war to work in jobs that freed men to fight. Following the war, the Women's Services Integration Act of 1948 established a permanent place for women in
all branches of the military. But promotions for female officers were limited, and women were banned from ground combat jobs as well as from most Navy ships and Air Force aircraft. By the mid-1960s, about 70 percent of enlisted women worked in clerical and other office jobs. The Army and the other services at first resisted sending women to Vietnam fearing that they would notbe able to handle the stress of being in a war zone. But 7,500 military women, mainly nurses, eventually served in Vietnam. Several died in hostile action. When the all-volunteer military replaced the draft in 1973, the armed forces accelerated its recruitment of women. In 1977, a Department of Defense report clearly identified both the limitations and potential of
female recruits at that time. *The average woman available to be recruited is smaller, weighs less, and is physically weaker than the vast majority of male recruits. She is also much brighter, better educated(a high school graduate), scores higher on the aptitude tests and is much less likely to become a disciplinary problem*. As the military modernized and weapons grew more sophisticated, education and technical skills became important. This development opened up more military jobs for women, including some combat-related jobs. For example, women became Army transport helicopter pilots and were assigned to nuclear missile sites. The rapid increase in military technology as well as changes in the whole concept of modern warfare blurred
the old line separating combat from non-combat jobs. When larger numbers of women entered the military in the 1970s, pressure mounted for more female officers. Consequently, college ROTC programs and officer candidate schools became co-ed. In 1976, the first female cadets entered West Point and the other service academies. Soon, female officers began commanding men,
a concept that had been ridiculed as unworkable only a short time earlier. During the Gulf War in 1991, about 40,000 women served in the combat zone. This was the largest such female deployment in U.S....

Find Another Essay On Women's Roles in the Military

The Norman Conquest's Impact on Women's Roles in Englad

2376 words - 10 pages most significant Norman impacts upon England, the Norman Conquest’s influence on women’s roles in England was no less remarkable. As history has shown time and time again, the death of a ruler brings about drastic changes in that ruler’s nation. This was the indeed case in the death of the English king Edward the Confessor in January 1066. To make this matter complicated, King Edward left no living heirs. In life, Edward had sympathized with the

The Decline of Women's Roles in Early Christianity

2305 words - 9 pages The Decline of Women's Roles in Early Christianity "Suddenly Jesus met them and said, `Greetings!' And they came to him, took hold of his feet, and worshiped him." (Matthew 28:9)# Near the end of each of the four Christian gospels, it is women who first discovered that the body of Jesus was missing and who were the first to report seeing him after his death. Certainly then, this is a major indication of the high involvement of women in

Women's Roles in the Postclassical Period by Religion

1228 words - 5 pages Throughout most of documented history women of all cultures and civilizations have lived under patriarchal circumstances. In almost every religion and civilization women's status was not equal to that of a man's. Women in most cultures are looked at as subservient, obedient creatures that were put on this world for very few reasons, mainly to bear children and do what their husbands require of them. In fact, religions are a big part of the

Women's roles in society, the pressures of being beautiful.

1096 words - 4 pages The increase of messages about thinness, dieting and beauty lends insecurities to "ordinary" women; making them feel that they are always in need of adjustments and that the female body is an object to be perfected. Real women's bodies have been lost in the eyes of the media and replaced by painfully thin advertisements. The problem is that women internalize these stereotypes and judge themselves by these unrealistic standards. We learn to

Women's Roles As Objects In Music

1158 words - 5 pages Women's Roles as Objects in Music This past week's readings were very interesting to me, largely because I pride myself on being somewhat of a popular culture aficionado, and the role of women in music is an intriguing idea to think about and reflect upon. The article "Greatest Hits: Domestic Violence in Country Music" was an interesting reflection upon women's transition in American country music. When I read it though, it struck me how

Women's Roles in World War II

2517 words - 10 pages therapies, triage, burns, and traumatic wound care.” The gender roles were reversed during the war; it was the women taking care of the men. Women were allowed to have uniforms and held a rank such as “colonel, major and captain,” which was the first time military women had recognition. These women redefined what it meant to be to be a woman in the military. With the apparition of women in the workplace during World War II, women were able, for the

How have women's roles changed from the 19th century to the 20th century in Spain?

817 words - 3 pages important impact during the nineteenth and twentiethcentury. Because of this women's roles have changed quite a bit from the early 1800s tothe late 1900s.Spain experienced an economic and political transformation during the SpanishRevolution of the early nineteenth century, 1808 and 1843. Men in Spain were givingbirth to a new gender idea that took down women's participation in the social andpolitical transformations that were taking place. While the

Assese the Military and Social Roles of Centurions in Roman Society during the Early Empire.

1230 words - 5 pages Under the principate the career of a centurion played an important role in military, and social aspects of Roman society. The centurions formed the backbone of the Roman army and provided a limited avenue of social mobility. According to modern scholars L. Keppie and R. Alston, the centurionate were the highest positions an ordinary soldier can aspire. Epigraphic evidence also suggests that ambitious equestrians used the centurionate as a

Women's Roles in Epic of Gilgamesh, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and The Canterbury Tales

1482 words - 6 pages Changing Women's Roles in The Epic of Gilgamesh, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and The Canterbury Tales Over the course of time, the roles of men and women have changed dramatically. As women have increasingly gained more social recognition, they have also earned more significant roles in society. This change is clearly reflected in many works of literature, one of the most representative of which is Plautus's 191 B.C. drama Pseudolus, in

Women's roles prior to and during the evolution of the industrial revolution in England.

2963 words - 12 pages class to thrive. Isolated by these ideologies and rigid social class distinctions, the lower class began to resent the industrialist that employed them. Engaging in acts of carousing and debauched behavior that were rebellious social statements emphasizing the lower classes rejection of the hypocritical social restraint the middle class attained to, dividing the classes and women's roles for many decades following the early 1800's.Leading up to the

Women's Roles in Hills Like White Elephants, by Ernest Hemingway

1067 words - 4 pages Hills Like White Elephants "Hills Like White Elephants" by Ernest Hemingway, is a great example of women's role in the last century. The story is told in a simple form of dialogue between a man and a young woman nicknamed Jig. Although there is an important decision to be made, nothing of much importance is talked about. In the story, Jig does not have much influence in her relationship with the man, even when it comes to an abortion

Similar Essays

The Changes In Women's Roles Essay

2903 words - 12 pages The Changes in Women's Roles Do you ever wonder how women's roles have changed in recent times? Originally women were in the household to take care of family matters such as cooking, cleaning, and children. Now in more modern times women's roles have expanded to working outside the home to take control of their families, and to work and take care of the children. Along with the increase of women in the work place the business of working

Women's Roles In Qatar Essay

987 words - 4 pages ; it replaces the traditional roles of women. By providing them education, they do more then just care for their children and husband. Qatar has greatly developed in the past 15 years; however it is a shame that in this journey they have lost their culture.I personally think that my sisters and I are attending mix American Universities due to this development. The recent financial crisis resulted in a decline in oil prices and the budget of

Women Serving In Combat Roles In The Military

1889 words - 8 pages handle the pressure. In 1942, because of the need for men to be available for combat positions, the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps was created. This permitted women to fill combat-support positions, at least for the duration of World War II. Greater progress came after World War II with the Women's Armed Services Integration Act of 1948. This would be the first time that women were permitted to serve in the military during peace-time. However

Women's Roles In The Yellow Wallpaper And The Withered Arm

1116 words - 4 pages Women's Roles in The Yellow Wallpaper and The Withered Arm In the late 19th century, women were expected to conform to the conventions of society. This meant that they were expected to get married young, pure and beautiful. They were treated like objects as if men bought them. How the woman felt was irrelevant in this period. Women were expected to produce an 'heir and a spare'. Women were also victim to double standards. For example