This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Laminated Dough Essay

1475 words - 6 pages

Pastries made of laminated dough are numerous; croissants and millefeuille in France, crescent roll in US, crispy sfogliatelle and millefoglie in Italy…
Laminated dough is made of alternating layers of dough and fat. It is made bay wrapping the dough around the fat, shortening or butter. The enclosed fat is then rolled out and folded and the process is repeated. Folding the dough is also called "turn". This process results with large number of thin and delicate layers of dough and fat. When baked, it becomes flaky, crispy and golden brown.
Laminated dough can be made of simple mixtures of flour, fat and water like for puff pastry, or it can contain yeast when made for croissants and ...view middle of the document...

• Wrapping the dough around fat – the dough should be flattened and rolled into size double than the fat to enclose it. The ends of the dough should be sealed well to secure the butter inside the dough.
• Turning the dough – the dough should be evenly rolled inside the dough and then turned. There are several different ways to turn the dough: single turn, double turn and half turn. It is important to maintain the regular shape of the dough while rolling and turning because it will ensure proper lamination. If necessary, the dough can be chilled and rested between turns. To prevent sticking to the surface the flour is used and the excess should be brushed off.

Puff Pastry – Pâte Feuilletée
Yield: 975 g

Flour 400 g
Water 175 g
Salt 10 g
Butter melted 90 g

Butter 300 g

• From flour, water, salt and melted butter make dough, wrap it in foil and chill it.
• Prepare butter – put it between two sheets of parchment paper and press it with rolling pin. Soften it so it stays cold but manageable and shape it in form of rectangle. The butter should be the same consistency like the dough.
• On a lightly floured surface roll the dough in shape of rectangle, double the size than the one made of butter.
• Use brush to clean any excess flour from the dough.
• Place the butter rectangle on one side of the dough and fold the rest of the dough over the butter so it covers the butter completely.
• Press the sides all the way around to seal the fat inside the dough.
• Press the dough with rolling pin carefully and roll it slowly so the butter spreads evenly inside the dough.
• Fold the dough in thirds (single turn), rotate it 90 degrees on the surface so the seamless side is to your left.
• Roll the dough again maintaining the shape of regular rectangle, brush the excess flour and make one more turn.
• Cover the dough and put it in refrigerator to chill.
• Repeat the rolling, brushing and folding until the dough has in total five single turns.
• Chill the dough well before shaping and baking. You can freeze it, but you have to use it within 2-3 months.

Croissant dough
Yield: 20 croissants

Flour 500 g
Salt 15 g
Sugar 100 g
Milk 300 g
Dry yeast 14 g

Butter 350 g

• Combine milk and dry yeast, stir until yeast melts.
• Put flour, salt and sugar in another bowl, add milk with yeast to them and make smooth dough.
• Wrap the dough in plastic film and leave it in refrigerator overnight to rest the gluten and develop taste.
• After the dough has chilled, take it out and leave it on room temperature to temper a little bit.
• Prepare the butter like for puff pastry, put it between two sheets of parchment paper and press it with rolling pin. Soften it so it stays cold but manageable and shape it in form of rectangle. The butter should be the same consistency like the dough.
• Roll the dough in shape of rectangle double the size than butter rectangle.
• Place the butter on one side of the dough and fold the rest of the dough over the butter so it covers the...

Find Another Essay On Laminated Dough

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory Essay

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a

Myth and Magic: Realism in "One Hundred Years of Solitude"

1531 words - 6 pages “He enjoyed his grandmother's unique way of telling stories. No matter how fantastic or improbable her statements, she always delivered them as if they were the irrefutable truth” (Wikipedia, 2011). Experiences are particular instances of one personally encountering or undergoing something and in these moments of time life changes for the best or the worst and memories are formed. These recollections such as riding your first bicycle, going to

Adiponectin: a Novel Indicator of Malnutrition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients

2384 words - 10 pages Objective Protein-Energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine which is exclusively produced by adipose tissue. Few studies in hemodialysis patients have demonstrated that serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in malnourished patients compared to well-nourished ones. The

The Congo Free State: A Legacy of Apathy, Exploitation and Brutality

2298 words - 9 pages Between 1885 and 1908, Belgium’s Leopold II ruled Congo, a region in central Africa, as his personal colony, exploiting the resources and inhabitants for his own gain. Leopold allowed and encouraged Europeans and other Westerners to enter Congo and set up companies whose primary purpose was to gather rubber, which was abundant but difficult to get to in the Congo, using the Congolese as the laborers for the Europeans. Rubber gathering in Congo

Selective Exposition in The Lottery, by Shirley Jackson

1073 words - 4 pages Usually when someone hears the word “lottery” the first thing that comes to mind is a large sum of cash that people compete against highly impractical odds to win. Shirley Jackson’s story The Lottery might imply a similar conception based on the title alone, but the story is filled with unknowns never revealing exactly when and where the story takes place, or why the lottery exists; even what the lottery is isn’t revealed until the very end. Yet


1857 words - 7 pages INTRODUCTION I remember when I was a young child; I would always be scared whenever there was a severe storm outside that included thunder and lightning. This was especially true in the hours of darkness, when you could really see the lightning. As I grew older this so-called fear of lightning turned into a fascination for this weather phenomena. One of my most vivid memories of lightning as a young man was when I was flying to Florida, the

Similar Essays

Ingredients Essay

2296 words - 10 pages butter, while in some recipes (see laminated dough) it is recommended to use dry butter (beurre sec) which contains 84-85% fat. Shelf life of butter is up to 9 months if stored at -18ºC, and after defrosting it is best to keep it at 0-2ºC. Lard is pure pork fat, containing almost 100% fat. It adds specific flavor to pastries, but it is rarely used. Margarine or shortening is vegetable fat with some coloring, emulsifiers, preservatives and vitamins

When The Bubble Burst Essay

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

Phase Diagram Essay

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work Of Art Essay

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art