Land Of The Free Why Did The Majority Of Slaves, Specifically Blacks, Side With Britain During And After The American Revolution?

2292 words - 9 pages

PAGE 11
Laurentian UniversityFinal EssayHIST 3026Zakk BartschNovember 25, 2008Zakk BartschProf. Stephen AzziHistory 3026November 25th, 2008Land of the FreeThe American Revolution was inspired and backed by men such as Thomas Jefferson, John Hancock and George Washington, with ideas of a new, free nation, one in which "all men were created equal" as their Declaration of Independence boastfully stated. However, as the war changed from a Massachusetts endeavor to a broader conflict throughout the colonies, the politics of race changed dramatically. The Revolutionary era witnessed the first major challenge to American slavery. Almost overnight, it seemed, an institution that had long been taken for granted came under intense scrutiny and debate, and thousands of black slaves took advantage of wartime turmoil to flee their bondage.Blacks had been welcomed in the New England militia, but Congress initially decided against having them in the Continental army. Congress needed support from the South if all the colonies were to win their independence from England. Since southern plantation owners wanted to keep their slaves, they were afraid to give guns to blacks. The thought of slaves bearing arms with the ability to rise up against their masters was a far more serious threat to most Americans than the losing battle to the red coats.Still, the words of the Declaration of Independence were taken literally by blacks and some whites. In, 1780, Pennsylvania became the first colony to pass a law phasing out slavery. Children born to slaves after that date were granted their freedom when they reached twenty eight. Other Northern states followed. The Superior Court of Massachusetts held in 1783 that slavery violated the state constitution, and New Hampshire also ended slavery by a court ruling. Vermont outlawed slavery and Connecticut and Rhode Island passed gradual emancipation laws. New York outlawed slavery in 1799 and New Jersey followed in 1804. The international slave trade was outlawed in 1808. This raises the matter of why then blacks would rather side with the English.Despite such improvements many of the remaining thirteen colonies still enforced the rigid slave code adopted by the colonial assembly, restricting the freedom of movement of the slaves, inflicting severe penalties for even minor offenses and denying slaves civil and criminal rights.In all other colonies slavery began soon after their founding, increased until the American Revolution when many blacks fled for the greener fields found by those who gave their allegiance to the crown. Hitherto, these increases provoked varying degrees of fears of uprisings and of harshness of slave codes. As slaves were most numerous in Maryland, Delaware, Georgia and South Carolina (where they outnumbered white two to one), the fears were greater and the slave codes more rigid. Congress ordered all blacks removed from the army, but black veterans appealed directly to George Washington, who took up their...

Find Another Essay On Land of the Free Why did the majority of slaves, specifically blacks, side with Britain during and after the American Revolution?

How Did the Role of the Jewish People Change During the Second Industrial Revolution?

895 words - 4 pages 1850 to 1880. They were granted full citizenship in Germany, Italy, and Scandinavia. They were able to be elected to Parliament in Great Britain after 1858. Austria-Hungary gave full legal rights to Jews in 1867. They quickly entered politics and took office in some of the highest positions. During this time Jews did not encounter much discrimination or prejudice treatment. This was a great time for them to excel in the professions they

To what extent did Radio Free Europe actively encourage the Hungarian Revolution of 1956?

1699 words - 7 pages American documents are used and the book clearly analyses and describes RFE'S role in the uprising. The book is long and detailed and gives various accounts of Radio Free Europe's most influential and decisive decisions during the uprising.(II). Meray, Tibor;Translated Katzander, Howard L, ed.1959. 13 days that shook the Kremlin. New York. Praeger Publishers.Tibor Meray is a native Hungarian and specializes in Hungarian Revolution as a historian. This

Lenin's Problems after the October Revolution, how did he deal with them?

762 words - 3 pages 4) What were the problems facing Lenin after the October Revolution and how successfully did he deal with them?The initial difficulties faced by the new Soviet Union were so severe that its survival seemed almost miraculous" . The remains of the czarist regime left Lenin to face a country wrought with war, devastated economically. Russia's involvement in World War I, followed by its Civil War, wide spread famine and a change in political and

To What Extent did the Values of the Enlightenment Fuel an 'Industrial Revolution' in Britain in the Late Eighteenth Century and Early Nineteenth Century?

1751 words - 7 pages some say, the evolutionary processes that Britain was going through to advance and thus creating a revolution. The values of the Enlightenment capitalised on the resources which Britain had, in the materials at home and in the colonies with the ability for reasonable trade due to the pressure mounted on the government. In the absence of those new ideologies, Britain may not have progressed and modernised quite as rapidly as it did and so

Working Conditions, Living Conditions and Child Labor in Great Britain During the Industrial Revolution

980 words - 4 pages had terrible working conditions and living conditions. Children had to do the more dangerous, difficult jobs like coal mining and fixing broken machinery. The reform movements of the 19th century were a response to the working conditions, living conditions, and child labor found during the Industrial Revolution. The working conditions found during 19th century Britain were a response to the Industrial Revolution. (DOC. 2) suggests the tough

Alexander Hamilton Biography-2 pages paragraphs including -introduction -early life -before the Revolution and during the revolution -during and after the revolution -later years

1168 words - 5 pages Alexander Hamilton BiographyAlexander Hamilton, (1757-1804), is a very important man in the history of America. He is best known for his political help in the money issues of government after the American Revolution and he is also well known for being the main writer of The Federalist Papers, a document that successfully gained many followers for the Constitution during the ratification of the Constitution. The document had said many good points

Britains government became increasingly involved within economics during and after the industrial revolution. explain

1248 words - 5 pages government, as it was required to take on more responsibility for a nation.A growing population and changing society overflowing with new technologies and ideologies coupled with an increasingly powerful and politically active middle class created a necessity for political reform during the Industrial Revolution in Britain. Fear of revolution and a flexible system of government as well as an extended franchise fostered a climate positive to change

Thomas Jefferson Biography-2 pages including -introduction -early life -before the revolution -during the revolution -after the revolution -later years

1353 words - 5 pages . Jefferson had thought that this was the only other choice from war and submission. The act had stopped all exports to France and Britain. It had less effect than hoped, causing economy of the U.S. lower, rather than the British and French. During the end of Jefferson's term, he had repealed the act but it did not prevent war with Britain in 1812. After his Presidential terms, he was nominated once again for President, but Jefferson refused, in

John Adams' biography-2 pages double spaced on -introduction -early life -before the revolution -during the revolution -after the revolution -later years

1136 words - 5 pages John Adams BiographyJohn Adams (1735-1826), the Second President of the United States, was a prominent individual of the American history. He is still well-known with the patriot cause, being a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses. In France and Holland, during the Revolutionary, War he aided the Americans and discussed the treaty of peace. Adding to that he was also a lawyer, minister of a church, the First Vice President of

Land Of The Free

1015 words - 4 pages Tiquisha SingletonMcLallen, WENC-1101-05C Composition 109/01/2014Land of the FreeAs kids born in America, we have use the saying, "It's a free country" to explain why we do a certain thing or act a certain way. As we grow up we learn and recite the Star Spangled Banner where it repeats the land of the free and the home of the brave. As children, we were painted a picture from the adults that America is a place where people can come and share the

The Land of the Free

1546 words - 7 pages contradicting the U.S. Constitution. 1). Slavery Blacks had a rough start with slavery, but helped the economy out with their hard work. The rough tenure of slavery existed for 246 years in the United States. Slavery was run like a business. Slaves were considered “property”; it was all about the Benjamin’s. Slavery had a supply and demand aspect to it. Slavery improved the economy due to the fact that slaves never got paid a single penny for their

Similar Essays

Explain Why Indentured Servants And Other Poor Whites Were Given More Rights Than Slaves Or Free Blacks During The Early 1800's

1046 words - 4 pages fraternizing. This serves to strengthen the case that black and white servants shared common ground and treated each other with some sort of equality. Since both groups would have had about the same tasks, the same living quarters, and would have taken orders from the same master, it is no wonder that blacks and whites became friends. Later, while white indentured servants were set free after their servitude was complete, blacks were often kept as

How And Why Did The Role Of British Government Increase During The Industrial Revolution?

1135 words - 5 pages provided free elementary education. This can be attributed to the growing relevance of education to all classes. Indeed, the abominable situation of the working class, as a result of the British Laissez-faire industrialised society, undoubtedly spurred the vast expansion of the role of government in Britain during the Industrial Revolution, due to the morality and political values of the middle classes.In conclusion, it can be seen that factors

Why Did The Number Of People Migrating To Britain Increase During The Three Decades Following The Second World War?

989 words - 4 pages few years because during the war, thousands of men and women from the Caribbean had been recruited to serve in the armed forces and by 1961 there were almost 172,000 West-2-Indians in Britain. The word went around that people were taking passengers to Britain and it was common knowledge to them that Britain had good jobs to offer just after the war. Some teenagers from Jamaicafelt that their land was too small and moving to Britain was a good

Lenin And His Coming Of Power After The Russian Revolution Follows Lenin's Implementation Of The April Thesis: Peace, Bread And Land While In Power

896 words - 4 pages Once the Tsar abdicated and the Provisional Government came to power, Vladimir Lenin, leader of the Bolshevik party, immediately adopted general ideas about the future of Russia. He demanded that there should be a worldwide socialist revolution, the soviets should take power and no longer cooperate with the weak Provisional government, land should be given to the peasants and Russia was to end her involvement in the war. By the end of April 1917