The relationship between city, landscape and urbanism is confusing nowadays due to the constant transformation from landscape and the city in Renaissance till the concept of landscape in cities today. The idea of the city as a meeting place, cultural life and natural environmental has changed through urbanism producing boundless and sprawl cities. During a century of urbanism where most people live in city-region, 2 major movements of urbanism emerged claiming theories and practices of how we should design our cities: New Urbanism and Landscape Urbanism.
New Urbanism emerged in 1980s with a new approach toward city planning and how future communities should be designed by ...view middle of the document...
Landscape Urbanism VS New Urbanism
New Urbanism attempted to supplant the suburban sprawl through Garden City, but . But through the LEED-ND and the Transect-based strategy would enable an urbanism desired and needed by humans leading to a marked oriented approach. The ones that could choose would not want to live in suburban sprawl. In the Congress of New Urbanism these ideas gained support from designer and different professionals and stimulated debate: How to implement these proposals in a bureaucratic planning and political system, a confused public and an industry willing for the simple and cost effective solution?
Nowadays the intellectual debate is no longer about the urban sprawl, but between two movements with different vision for society and nature, New Urbanism and Landscape Urbanism. Landscape Urbanism is in principle a rival of New Urbanism because it emerged as an opposition of the hegemony of this movement and seeks to incorporate ecology more directly than New Urbanists. Landscape Urbanism is a relatively new concept with few implemented projects, the essay will try to argue that New Urbanism should try to absorb some successful principles of Landscape Urbanism like design motifs and its ecological aspect.
New Urbanism main focus is to create an easily understandable environment where people know how to live in, but Landscape Urbanism seeks the contrary by undoing those norms and traditions and designing unfamiliar environments. They ecology as a tool to critique traditional practices, but with a self-consciousness that sometimes is not too justified.
Landscape Urbanism argues that city shape should be a matter of open spaces where buildings are set and the landscape is the structuring medium, not the building fabric. They argue that is time for landscape to led city development and help designers to organize both natural and cultural urban forms. The term ‘Landscape Urbanism’ was first mentioned by Peter Connolly, an Urban Design Master student in Melbourne, suggesting that the city of future should be a mix of landscapes, rural and urban. From 1990s Landscape Urbanism evolved as a movement in USA by Charles Waldheim. He was influenced by Ian McHarg and James Corner concern for the future of landscape architecture integrated McHarg’s ecological...