Language Acquisition Essay

1779 words - 7 pages

Language is perceived as the way humans communicate through the use of spoken words, it involves particular system and styles in which we interact with one another (Oxford 2009). Possessing this ability to communicate through the use of language is thought to be a quintessential human trait (Pinker 2000). Learning a language, know as language acquisition, is something that every child does successfully within a few years.
Language acquisition is in itself the development by which humans acquire the ability to perceive, produce and use words to understand and communicate. This capacity involves the picking up of diverse abilities including phonetics, syntax and an extensive vocabulary. This language might be vocal as with speech or manual as in sign. Language acquisition usually refers to first language acquisition, which studies infants' acquisition of their native language, rather than second language acquisition, which deals with acquisition, in both children and adults, of additional languages (Wiki).
Pinker believes that it is virtually impossible to show how children could learn a language unless one assumes that they have a considerable amount of non-linguistic cognitive machinery in place before they start. Therefore heredity must be involved in language. However, children raised in different parts of the world acquire different language skills; therefore environment must also be an essential factor. Thus the main concern is about how these factors interact during language acquisition (Pinker).
What most scientists are concerned with is how exactly the infants are able to lucratively learn the human language along with all its complexities. Cognition is also thought to be associated with language. It is seen as a way of positioning our thoughts in a way that is communicable. Many Psychologists are concerned with this aspect of learning acquisition in children. One of the leading ideas based on behaviour was conveyed by Jean Piaget (Vygotsky). Piaget believed that Children learned from imitation from people around them, such as their parents and caretakers. Piaget’s theory is based on the idea that every aspect of language is learned.
A theory averting from Piagets’ work is by the American Linguist Noam Chomsky. He believed that language is innate, skills governed by inborn programmes (Mason). Noam claimed that we are all born with a set of rules, known as Universal Grammar, which every human encompasses and differences in languages is just a variation of the use of this rule. He believed this, as he found that children still had the ability to effectively and correctly learn language even though most people when they speak continuously make mistakes, change their minds or use abbreviations. Another...

Find Another Essay On Language Acquisition

Language Acquisition Principles Essay

1029 words - 4 pages Stephen Krashen is one of the experts when it comes to language acquisition. He has theorized on the subject of second language acquisition for years and has been quite influential in this field of linguistics. He approaches the subject of second language acquisition by presenting his five theories for acquiring a second language. Aida Walqui is another expert; however, she approaches the subject from the aspect that contextual factors are

Second Language Acquisition Essay

3332 words - 13 pages The essay was focused on the following question: What possible explanations are there for the failure of EFL students to achieve native-like competence in a second language. SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION The outcome of first language acquisition is a success in children. Children acquire the grammar of the ambient language. Adult language acquisition, on the other hand, results in varying degrees of success or failure to acquire the target

Theories of Language Acquisition

966 words - 4 pages Theories of Language Acquisition The theories of language acquisition are essentially centred around the nature nurture argument. The theory that children have an innate capacity for language was created by Noam Chomsky (1928- ) an American linguistic. This nativist approach states that learning language is part of the genetic makeup of human species and is nearly independent of any particular experience which

Children Language Acquisition

844 words - 3 pages The stages of language knowledge develop by stages, and it is suggested, each successive stage approach more approximates the grammar of the adult usage. This essay is going to illustrate the different stages in language acquisition that children pass through and elicit the theories in accordance. In the stage of "the first sounds", the noises produced by infants are simply responses to stimuli, for instance crying as a reaction to hunger

Language Acquisition in Children

1607 words - 6 pages Language Acquisition in Children Introduction The study of language development, one of the most fascinating human achievements, has a long and rich history, extending over thousands of years (Chomsky, 2000). As the nature-versus-nurture argument is inevitable to arise whenever human behaviors are discussed, it is not surprising that language experts have debated the relative influences of genetics and the environment on language

language acquisition process

833 words - 4 pages optimise oracy development. It’s paramount that they plan their communications more deliberately than other adults in order to provide the required supportive learning environment. This means considering their own cultural context and adapting to suit the needs of the child (Cazden, 2001). Comprehension of the language acquisition process will allow the teacher to make more conscious and deliberate decisions with the type of language they model

Dyslexia And Language Acquisition

1068 words - 4 pages Dyslexia and Linguistics AcquisitionThis research paper basically focuses on the effects of dyslexia on language acquisition and development and considered strategies that can be used to promote inclusive learning in acquiring a language. The consideration of the nature of dyslexia's patient of the learning difficulty is crucial to the consideration of its effects as postulated in this research paper. There are numerous definitions of dyslexia

Second Language Acquisition essay

2391 words - 10 pages SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION ASSIGNMENTFaced with the reality that few students attain the native-like competence the following question arises what are the root causes of this problem?. Many researchers agree in that L2 learners are bad at L2 learning, in spite of the fact that they make an effort to improve their speech, by imitation, they still have a foreign accent, or they make mistakes when they apply the rules of grammar in their writings

Second Language Acquisition

3146 words - 13 pages makes the point that CF can demotivate students “even students who believe that correction is a necessary part of learning do not enjoy the sight of red ink all over their writing” (Truscott, 1996:p. 354). Students when they see their errors might avoid attempting complex structures and instead only write in simpler sentences which are grammatically correct in order to avoid mistakes. Truscott (1996) points out how Second language acquisition (SLA

Simultaneous Bilingual Language Acquisition

3704 words - 15 pages the children are acquiring both languages. According to an article called “Simultaneous Bilingual Language Acquisition: The Role of Parental Input on Receptive Vocabulary Development” from the journal “Child Language Teaching and Therapy”, the concept of “one-parent-one-language” strategy was tested. The results showed that, “..children are receiving imbalanced exposure to each language. This imbalance is leading to a slowed development of the

Second Language Acquisition

2014 words - 8 pages Introduction Through the years, language teachers, psychologists and others have had varying ideas of how languages are learned. Second language acquisition has multiple models, including cognitive based models, sociocultural models, and models regarding input and interaction. In this paper, my goal is to take one prominent model of SLA, the interactionist model, and determine how this model actually plays out in the classroom. I seek to answer

Similar Essays

Language Acquisition Essay

751 words - 4 pages certain things. Acquiring language and using language is an amazing faculty we, as individuals, have. There is an important contrast between language acquisition and language learning. Children acquire language through an innermost process during which they are unconscious of grammar. This is similar to the way they acquire their first language. They get a feel for what is and what is not correct. In order to acquire language, the learner needs

Language Acquisition Essay

3241 words - 13 pages Language Acquisition missing works cited How do children acquire language? What are the processes of language acquisition? How do infants respond to speech? Language acquisition is the process of learning a native or a second language. Although how children learn to speak is not perfectly understood, most explanations involve both the observations that children copy what they hear and the inference that human beings have a natural aptitude

Language Acquisition Essay

2085 words - 9 pages Language acquisition is vital for us to connect to one another, to be able to hear and to be heard, to understand and to be understood. It carries us from verbal/signed communication to having the ability to read. Infants from about six to nine months of age begin to attend selectively to sounds and patterns that are specific to the language(s) they hear around them, and this early language speech perception sets the foundation for language

Language Learning Vs Language Acquisition Essay

799 words - 3 pages Beyond having defined motivation as an intrinsic factor in language acquisition, Gardner’s Educational Model moves us to consider four relevant factors that contribute to an individual’s competence to adopt a second language. Gardner states that the environment surrounding the learner “affects, influences and determines” the individual’s beliefs and about his/her culture as well as a foreign one. While this is not new as it was first stated